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13 [thirteen]



‫13 [שלוש עשרה]‬

13 [shlosh essreh]



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What does Martha do? ‫-ה --קצ-- -ל --תה?‬ ‫מה המקצוע של מרתה?‬ ‫-ה ה-ק-ו- ש- מ-ת-?- -------------------- ‫מה המקצוע של מרתה?‬ 0
m-- hami---o'- shel m--ta-? mah hamiqtso'a shel martah? m-h h-m-q-s-'- s-e- m-r-a-? --------------------------- mah hamiqtso'a shel martah?
She works at an office. ‫היא---ב---במ-ר--‬ ‫היא עובדת במשרד.‬ ‫-י- ע-ב-ת ב-ש-ד-‬ ------------------ ‫היא עובדת במשרד.‬ 0
h--ovede- b'missra-. hi ovedet b'missrad. h- o-e-e- b-m-s-r-d- -------------------- hi ovedet b'missrad.
She works on the computer. ‫ה---עו--ת--ם-ה--ש--- ---שב‬ ‫היא עובדת עם המחשב / במחשב‬ ‫-י- ע-ב-ת ע- ה-ח-ב / ב-ח-ב- ---------------------------- ‫היא עובדת עם המחשב / במחשב‬ 0
hi o--det --m-xs--v--- h--ax-hev hi ovedet bamaxshev/im hamaxshev h- o-e-e- b-m-x-h-v-i- h-m-x-h-v -------------------------------- hi ovedet bamaxshev/im hamaxshev
Where is Martha? ‫איפה-מר---‬ ‫איפה מרתה?‬ ‫-י-ה מ-ת-?- ------------ ‫איפה מרתה?‬ 0
e--oh ma-tah? eyfoh martah? e-f-h m-r-a-? ------------- eyfoh martah?
At the cinema. ‫--ו---ע-‬ ‫בקולנוע.‬ ‫-ק-ל-ו-.- ---------- ‫בקולנוע.‬ 0
ba--l-o-a. baqolno'a. b-q-l-o-a- ---------- baqolno'a.
She is watching a film. ‫-י--צו---בסר-.‬ ‫היא צופה בסרט.‬ ‫-י- צ-פ- ב-ר-.- ---------------- ‫היא צופה בסרט.‬ 0
h-----f-- -----e-. hi tsofah b'seret. h- t-o-a- b-s-r-t- ------------------ hi tsofah b'seret.
What does Peter do? ‫מה---ק-וע--ל-פט-?‬ ‫מה המקצוע של פטר?‬ ‫-ה ה-ק-ו- ש- פ-ר-‬ ------------------- ‫מה המקצוע של פטר?‬ 0
m---h----tso'a-sh-l --te-? mah hamiqtso'a shel peter? m-h h-m-q-s-'- s-e- p-t-r- -------------------------- mah hamiqtso'a shel peter?
He studies at the university. ‫--א ל-מ- --ו--ברס-טה.‬ ‫הוא לומד באוניברסיטה.‬ ‫-ו- ל-מ- ב-ו-י-ר-י-ה-‬ ----------------------- ‫הוא לומד באוניברסיטה.‬ 0
hu---m-- b-'un----s----. hu lomed ba'universitah. h- l-m-d b-'-n-v-r-i-a-. ------------------------ hu lomed ba'universitah.
He studies languages. ‫-וא -ו-ד שפ-ת-‬ ‫הוא לומד שפות.‬ ‫-ו- ל-מ- ש-ו-.- ---------------- ‫הוא לומד שפות.‬ 0
h--l-med---af--. hu lomed ssafot. h- l-m-d s-a-o-. ---------------- hu lomed ssafot.
Where is Peter? ‫-י----ט-?‬ ‫היכן פטר?‬ ‫-י-ן פ-ר-‬ ----------- ‫היכן פטר?‬ 0
he-k-a- ---e-? heykhan peter? h-y-h-n p-t-r- -------------- heykhan peter?
At the café. ‫-בית-הקפה-‬ ‫בבית הקפה.‬ ‫-ב-ת ה-פ-.- ------------ ‫בבית הקפה.‬ 0
b---y---aq-f--. b'veyt-haqafeh. b-v-y---a-a-e-. --------------- b'veyt-haqafeh.
He is drinking coffee. ‫הוא שו-- קפה.‬ ‫הוא שותה קפה.‬ ‫-ו- ש-ת- ק-ה-‬ --------------- ‫הוא שותה קפה.‬ 0
hu--h-te----f-h. hu shoteh qafeh. h- s-o-e- q-f-h- ---------------- hu shoteh qafeh.
Where do they like to go? ‫לאן -- או--ים----ת?‬ ‫לאן הם אוהבים לצאת?‬ ‫-א- ה- א-ה-י- ל-א-?- --------------------- ‫לאן הם אוהבים לצאת?‬ 0
l--a----m --a-i- --ts-'-? le'an hem ohavim latse't? l-'-n h-m o-a-i- l-t-e-t- ------------------------- le'an hem ohavim latse't?
To a concert. ‫לקו---ט-‬ ‫לקונצרט.‬ ‫-ק-נ-ר-.- ---------- ‫לקונצרט.‬ 0
l-qo-tse--. l'qontsert. l-q-n-s-r-. ----------- l'qontsert.
They like to listen to music. ‫-ם-----ים--ה--ין-ל-וס--ה.‬ ‫הם אוהבים להאזין למוסיקה.‬ ‫-ם א-ה-י- ל-א-י- ל-ו-י-ה-‬ --------------------------- ‫הם אוהבים להאזין למוסיקה.‬ 0
h-m ---vi-----a'az-n-l-m-si-ah. hem ohavim leha'azin lemusiqah. h-m o-a-i- l-h-'-z-n l-m-s-q-h- ------------------------------- hem ohavim leha'azin lemusiqah.
Where do they not like to go? ‫--- -ם--א-או-ב-ם-לצאת-‬ ‫לאן הם לא אוהבים לצאת?‬ ‫-א- ה- ל- א-ה-י- ל-א-?- ------------------------ ‫לאן הם לא אוהבים לצאת?‬ 0
l-'-- hem [lo- -hav---l--s-'-? le'an hem [lo] ohavim latse't? l-'-n h-m [-o- o-a-i- l-t-e-t- ------------------------------ le'an hem [lo] ohavim latse't?
To the disco. ‫-דיס---‬ ‫לדיסקו.‬ ‫-ד-ס-ו-‬ --------- ‫לדיסקו.‬ 0
l-d-s--. l'disqo. l-d-s-o- -------- l'disqo.
They do not like to dance. ‫ה- -א או---- -ר-ו--‬ ‫הם לא אוהבים לרקוד.‬ ‫-ם ל- א-ה-י- ל-ק-ד-‬ --------------------- ‫הם לא אוהבים לרקוד.‬ 0
h-m -o---a-im-l----d. hem lo ohavim lirqod. h-m l- o-a-i- l-r-o-. --------------------- hem lo ohavim lirqod.

Creole Languages

Did you know that German is spoken in the South Pacific? It's really true! In parts of Papua New Guinea and Australia, people speak Unserdeutsch . It is a Creole language. Creole languages emerge in language contact situations. That is, when multiple different languages encounter one another. By now, many Creole languages are almost extinct. But worldwide 15 million people still speak a Creole language. Creole languages are always native languages. It's different with Pidgin languages. Pidgin languages are very simplified forms of speech. They are only good for very basic communication. Most Creole languages originated in the colonial era. Therefore, Creole languages are often based on European languages. One characteristic of Creole languages is a limited vocabulary. Creole languages have their own phonology too. The grammar of Creole languages is heavily simplified. Complicated rules are simply ignored by the speakers. Each Creole language is an important component of national identity. As a result, there is a lot of literature written in Creole languages. Creole languages are especially interesting for linguists. This is because they demonstrate how languages develop and later die out. So the development of language can be studied in Creole languages. They also prove that languages can change and adapt. The discipline used to research Creole languages is Creolistics, or Creology. One of the best-known sentences in the Creole language comes from Jamaica. Bob Marley made it world famous – do you know it? It's No woman, no cry! (= No, woman, don't cry!)
Did you know?
Finnish is the native language of approximately 5 million people. It is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is closely related to Estonian, and very distantly related to Hungarian. As a Uralic language, it strongly differentiates itself from the Indo-Germanic languages. An example of this is its agglutinating language structure. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixed syllables. This is how long words originate that are so typical for Finnish. Another hallmark of Finnish is its many vowels. Finnish grammar distinguishes between 15 different cases. It is important to clearly separate long and short sounds in the intonation. Written and spoken Finnish are noticeably different from each other. This phenomenon is less pronounced in other European languages. All of this makes Finnish not especially easy. But all rules are consistently upheld. And the nice thing about Finnish is that it is so completely logical!