en At the restaurant 4   »   fi Ravintolassa 4

32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

At the restaurant 4

32 [kolmekymmentäkaksi]

Ravintolassa 4

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I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup. Y--en k---an--a---al--s-- -e--u-illa. Y____ k_____ r___________ k__________ Y-d-n k-r-a- r-n-k-l-i-e- k-t-u-i-l-. ------------------------------------- Yhden kerran ranskalaiset ketsupilla. 0
And two with mayonnaise. J- kaksi a-nos----aj---e-illa. J_ k____ a______ m____________ J- k-k-i a-n-s-a m-j-n-e-i-l-. ------------------------------ Ja kaksi annosta majoneesilla. 0
And three sausages with mustard. J- ----- ---os-a brat------- --n--i-l-. J_ k____ a______ b__________ s_________ J- k-l-e a-n-s-a b-a-w-r-t-a s-n-p-l-a- --------------------------------------- Ja kolme annosta bratwurstia sinapilla. 0
What vegetables do you have? Mitä-vi-ann--s-a --i-lä--n? M___ v__________ t_____ o__ M-t- v-h-n-e-s-a t-i-l- o-? --------------------------- Mitä vihanneksia teillä on? 0
Do you have beans? Onko ------ ----ja? O___ t_____ p______ O-k- t-i-l- p-p-j-? ------------------- Onko teillä papuja? 0
Do you have cauliflower? On-- t-i--- kuk-aka--ia? O___ t_____ k___________ O-k- t-i-l- k-k-a-a-l-a- ------------------------ Onko teillä kukkakaalia? 0
I like to eat (sweet) corn. P-dän m-i-sis-a. P____ m_________ P-d-n m-i-s-s-a- ---------------- Pidän maissista. 0
I like to eat cucumber. Pid-n ---ku--a. P____ k________ P-d-n k-r-u-t-. --------------- Pidän kurkusta. 0
I like to eat tomatoes. Pi--- to-aat-sta. P____ t__________ P-d-n t-m-a-i-t-. ----------------- Pidän tomaatista. 0
Do you also like to eat leek? S--tte-- -ie--l--n-e-p-rj-a? S_______ m__________ p______ S-ö-t-k- m-e-e-l-n-e p-r-o-? ---------------------------- Syöttekö mielellänne purjoa? 0
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut? Sy-tt-kö---el-l--nne-h-p---aa-ia? S_______ m__________ h___________ S-ö-t-k- m-e-e-l-n-e h-p-n-a-l-a- --------------------------------- Syöttekö mielellänne hapankaalia? 0
Do you also like to eat lentils? Syöt---ö --ele-länn--l-n---j-? S_______ m__________ l________ S-ö-t-k- m-e-e-l-n-e l-n-s-j-? ------------------------------ Syöttekö mielellänne linssejä? 0
Do you also like to eat carrots? Sy---- -y-- m-----läsi pork-an-ita? S_____ m___ m_________ p___________ S-ö-k- m-ö- m-e-e-l-s- p-r-k-n-i-a- ----------------------------------- Syötkö myös mielelläsi porkkanoita? 0
Do you also like to eat broccoli? Sy--k- my-- --elel-äs- pa---k-a---? S_____ m___ m_________ p___________ S-ö-k- m-ö- m-e-e-l-s- p-r-a-a-l-a- ----------------------------------- Syötkö myös mielelläsi parsakaalia? 0
Do you also like to eat peppers? Syö--ö m--s-mie-e-l--i -a-r---a? S_____ m___ m_________ p________ S-ö-k- m-ö- m-e-e-l-s- p-p-i-a-? -------------------------------- Syötkö myös mielelläsi paprikaa? 0
I don’t like onions. E- p--- s-pul-sta. E_ p___ s_________ E- p-d- s-p-l-s-a- ------------------ En pidä sipulista. 0
I don’t like olives. E- pidä--l---ei-t-. E_ p___ o__________ E- p-d- o-i-v-i-t-. ------------------- En pidä oliiveista. 0
I don’t like mushrooms. E- pid------i---. E_ p___ s________ E- p-d- s-e-i-t-. ----------------- En pidä sienistä. 0

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant . Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!
Did you know?
Punjabi is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. Punjabi is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. Punjabi is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition. Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. Punjabi is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In Punjabi, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes Punjabi that much more appealing!