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48 [forty-eight]

Vacation activities

Vacation activities

48 [сорок восемь]

48 [sorok vosemʹ]

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Is the beach clean? Пляж чис-ы-? П___ ч______ П-я- ч-с-ы-? ------------ Пляж чистый? 0
P-yazh-ch-st--? P_____ c_______ P-y-z- c-i-t-y- --------------- Plyazh chistyy?
Can one swim there? Там мо--о-купат-с-? Т__ м____ к________ Т-м м-ж-о к-п-т-с-? ------------------- Там можно купаться? 0
Tam--o--no ku-at-s--? T__ m_____ k_________ T-m m-z-n- k-p-t-s-a- --------------------- Tam mozhno kupatʹsya?
Isn’t it dangerous to swim there? Там-н-----с-о-куп--ьс-? Т__ н_ о_____ к________ Т-м н- о-а-н- к-п-т-с-? ----------------------- Там не опасно купаться? 0
T-- ne--p--no kup------? T__ n_ o_____ k_________ T-m n- o-a-n- k-p-t-s-a- ------------------------ Tam ne opasno kupatʹsya?
Can one rent a sun umbrella / parasol here? Мо--о-здес- ----ь--- п---а- з--- ---со-нц-? М____ з____ в____ н_ п_____ з___ о_ с______ М-ж-о з-е-ь в-я-ь н- п-о-а- з-н- о- с-л-ц-? ------------------------------------------- Можно здесь взять на прокат зонт от солнца? 0
Mozh-o zd--ʹ ---atʹ n---rok---zon- -t-----t--? M_____ z____ v_____ n_ p_____ z___ o_ s_______ M-z-n- z-e-ʹ v-y-t- n- p-o-a- z-n- o- s-l-t-a- ---------------------------------------------- Mozhno zdesʹ vzyatʹ na prokat zont ot solntsa?
Can one rent a deck chair here? Мо-но --е-------- н--прокат-ше-л-нг? М____ з____ в____ н_ п_____ ш_______ М-ж-о з-е-ь в-я-ь н- п-о-а- ш-з-о-г- ------------------------------------ Можно здесь взять на прокат шезлонг? 0
Mo-h-- z--sʹ vz---ʹ--a -r--a---hez---g? M_____ z____ v_____ n_ p_____ s________ M-z-n- z-e-ʹ v-y-t- n- p-o-a- s-e-l-n-? --------------------------------------- Mozhno zdesʹ vzyatʹ na prokat shezlong?
Can one rent a boat here? М-ж-- -д--ь---ять--- п-о-----о-ку? М____ з____ в____ н_ п_____ л_____ М-ж-о з-е-ь в-я-ь н- п-о-а- л-д-у- ---------------------------------- Можно здесь взять на прокат лодку? 0
M--h---z-e-ʹ-v-y--- na----k-- -----? M_____ z____ v_____ n_ p_____ l_____ M-z-n- z-e-ʹ v-y-t- n- p-o-a- l-d-u- ------------------------------------ Mozhno zdesʹ vzyatʹ na prokat lodku?
I would like to surf. Я--о--л--ы - хо-ела -ы з-н--ься-сёр--нгом. Я х____ б_ / х_____ б_ з_______ с_________ Я х-т-л б- / х-т-л- б- з-н-т-с- с-р-и-г-м- ------------------------------------------ Я хотел бы / хотела бы заняться сёрфингом. 0
Y---h-t-l--y-- -ho---- b- za--at---a-s-rf-----. Y_ k_____ b_ / k______ b_ z_________ s_________ Y- k-o-e- b- / k-o-e-a b- z-n-a-ʹ-y- s-r-i-g-m- ----------------------------------------------- Ya khotel by / khotela by zanyatʹsya sërfingom.
I would like to dive. Я-хот-л-бы / -отела б- поны-я-ь. Я х____ б_ / х_____ б_ п________ Я х-т-л б- / х-т-л- б- п-н-р-т-. -------------------------------- Я хотел бы / хотела бы понырять. 0
Ya k-ot----y --kho--la-by p-n---atʹ. Y_ k_____ b_ / k______ b_ p_________ Y- k-o-e- b- / k-o-e-a b- p-n-r-a-ʹ- ------------------------------------ Ya khotel by / khotela by ponyryatʹ.
I would like to water ski. Я--отел--ы - -отела--ы-п---т-т-ся--- -о-н--------. Я х____ б_ / х_____ б_ п_________ н_ в_____ л_____ Я х-т-л б- / х-т-л- б- п-к-т-т-с- н- в-д-ы- л-ж-х- -------------------------------------------------- Я хотел бы / хотела бы покататься на водных лыжах. 0
Y---hote- by --kh-t-l--by---kat--ʹsy- n- vod--k- ly--ak-. Y_ k_____ b_ / k______ b_ p__________ n_ v______ l_______ Y- k-o-e- b- / k-o-e-a b- p-k-t-t-s-a n- v-d-y-h l-z-a-h- --------------------------------------------------------- Ya khotel by / khotela by pokatatʹsya na vodnykh lyzhakh.
Can one rent a surfboard? М-----в-я-ь -а-прокат -о-ку--л- -ё----г-? М____ в____ н_ п_____ д____ д__ с________ М-ж-о в-я-ь н- п-о-а- д-с-у д-я с-р-и-г-? ----------------------------------------- Можно взять на прокат доску для сёрфинга? 0
Mo-hn- v--at---- -rokat-do--u-dly- s-rfi--a? M_____ v_____ n_ p_____ d____ d___ s________ M-z-n- v-y-t- n- p-o-a- d-s-u d-y- s-r-i-g-? -------------------------------------------- Mozhno vzyatʹ na prokat dosku dlya sërfinga?
Can one rent diving equipment? М-ж-- в--т-----прок-т сн-р--е-----ля-дайви---? М____ в____ н_ п_____ с_________ д__ д________ М-ж-о в-я-ь н- п-о-а- с-а-я-е-и- д-я д-й-и-г-? ---------------------------------------------- Можно взять на прокат снаряжение для дайвинга? 0
M---no-v----ʹ ----r-k-t -nary-----------ya----vin-a? M_____ v_____ n_ p_____ s____________ d___ d________ M-z-n- v-y-t- n- p-o-a- s-a-y-z-e-i-e d-y- d-y-i-g-? ---------------------------------------------------- Mozhno vzyatʹ na prokat snaryazheniye dlya dayvinga?
Can one rent water skis? М-жно вз--- -а прокат---д-ы- лы--? М____ в____ н_ п_____ в_____ л____ М-ж-о в-я-ь н- п-о-а- в-д-ы- л-ж-? ---------------------------------- Можно взять на прокат водные лыжи? 0
Moz-no--zyat- na---oka- --dny----y--i? M_____ v_____ n_ p_____ v______ l_____ M-z-n- v-y-t- n- p-o-a- v-d-y-e l-z-i- -------------------------------------- Mozhno vzyatʹ na prokat vodnyye lyzhi?
I’m only a beginner. Я то--к--на--н--щи- ---а-ин-ю-а-. Я т_____ н_________ / н__________ Я т-л-к- н-ч-н-ю-и- / н-ч-н-ю-а-. --------------------------------- Я только начинающий / начинающая. 0
Y----lʹ-----c----y----hi- - nac---ay----hay-. Y_ t_____ n______________ / n________________ Y- t-l-k- n-c-i-a-u-h-h-y / n-c-i-a-u-h-h-y-. --------------------------------------------- Ya tolʹko nachinayushchiy / nachinayushchaya.
I’m moderately good. Я--е со---м н-----к. Я н_ с_____ н_______ Я н- с-в-е- н-в-ч-к- -------------------- Я не совсем новичок. 0
Ya ---s--s-- -ov-----. Y_ n_ s_____ n________ Y- n- s-v-e- n-v-c-o-. ---------------------- Ya ne sovsem novichok.
I’m pretty good at it. Я с---и- --р--о з---о- - ---к---. Я с э___ х_____ з_____ / з_______ Я с э-и- х-р-ш- з-а-о- / з-а-о-а- --------------------------------- Я с этим хорошо знаком / знакома. 0
Ya s-et-m --o----o-z-ak-----znako--. Y_ s e___ k_______ z_____ / z_______ Y- s e-i- k-o-o-h- z-a-o- / z-a-o-a- ------------------------------------ Ya s etim khorosho znakom / znakoma.
Where is the ski lift? Г----ыжны----д--м-ик? Г__ л_____ п_________ Г-е л-ж-ы- п-д-ё-н-к- --------------------- Где лыжный подъёмник? 0
Gde-l-------p----ëm--k? G__ l______ p__________ G-e l-z-n-y p-d-y-m-i-? ----------------------- Gde lyzhnyy podʺyëmnik?
Do you have skis? А---ж---о----ебя-- с-----ес-ь? А л______ у т___ с с____ е____ А л-ж---о у т-б- с с-б-й е-т-? ------------------------------ А лыжи-то у тебя с собой есть? 0
A-ly----to-u-t--y- s s--o- ye---? A l_______ u t____ s s____ y_____ A l-z-i-t- u t-b-a s s-b-y y-s-ʹ- --------------------------------- A lyzhi-to u tebya s soboy yestʹ?
Do you have ski boots? А -ы--ы- б--------о-у т--я-- ---о--е-ть? А л_____ б_________ у т___ с с____ е____ А л-ж-ы- б-т-н-и-т- у т-б- с с-б-й е-т-? ---------------------------------------- А лыжные ботинки-то у тебя с собой есть? 0
A-l--h-----b-t-nki-to-u-t--y- - sobo- ---t-? A l_______ b_________ u t____ s s____ y_____ A l-z-n-y- b-t-n-i-t- u t-b-a s s-b-y y-s-ʹ- -------------------------------------------- A lyzhnyye botinki-to u tebya s soboy yestʹ?

The language of pictures

A German saying goes: A picture says more than a thousand words. That means that pictures are often understood faster than speech. Pictures can also convey emotions better. Because of this, advertising uses a lot of pictures. Pictures function differently than speech. They show us several things simultaneously and in their totality. That means that the whole image together has a certain effect. With speech, considerably more words are needed. But images and speech go together. We need speech in order to describe a picture. By the same token, many texts are first understood through images. The relationship between images and speech is being studied by linguists. It also raises the question whether pictures are a language in their own right. If something is only filmed, we can look at the images. But the message of the film isn't concrete. If an image is meant to function as speech, it must be concrete. The less it shows, the clearer its message. Pictograms are a good example of this. Pictograms are simple and clear pictorial symbols. They replace verbal language, and as such are a form of visual communication. Everyone knows the pictogram for ‘no smoking’ for example. It shows a cigarette with a line through it. Images are becoming even more important due to globalization. But you also have to study the language of images. It is not understandable worldwide, even though many think so. Because our culture influences our understanding of images. What we see is dependent on many different factors. So some people don't see cigarettes, but only dark lines.
Did you know?
Turkish is one of the nearly 40 Turk languages. It is most closely related to the Azerbaijani language. It is the native or second language of more than 80 million people. These people live primarily in Turkey and in the Balkans. Emigrants also took Turkish to Europe, America and Australia. Turkish has also been influenced by other languages. The vocabulary contains words from Arabic and French. A hallmark of the Turkish language is the many different dialects. The Istanbul dialect is considered the basis for today's standard language. The grammar distinguishes between six cases. The agglutinating language structure is also characteristic for Turkish. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixes. There is a fixed sequence to these endings but there can be many of them. This principle differentiates Turkish from the Indo-Germanic languages.