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en Past tense 4   »   fi Menneisyysmuoto 4

84 [eighty-four]

Past tense 4

Past tense 4

84 [kahdeksankymmentäneljä]

Menneisyysmuoto 4

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to read l-kea l____ l-k-a ----- lukea 0
I read. M-n--o-en-----n-t. M___ o___ l_______ M-n- o-e- l-k-n-t- ------------------ Minä olen lukenut. 0
I read the whole novel. Min--o-en--uk-n-t-ko-- r-m-a-in. M___ o___ l______ k___ r________ M-n- o-e- l-k-n-t k-k- r-m-a-i-. -------------------------------- Minä olen lukenut koko romaanin. 0
to understand y-märt-ä y_______ y-m-r-ä- -------- ymmärtää 0
I understood. M--ä ol-- -mm-r----t. M___ o___ y__________ M-n- o-e- y-m-r-ä-y-. --------------------- Minä olen ymmärtänyt. 0
I understood the whole text. M-n- ---n ym-ä----yt--oko -e-s-i-. M___ o___ y_________ k___ t_______ M-n- o-e- y-m-r-ä-y- k-k- t-k-t-n- ---------------------------------- Minä olen ymmärtänyt koko tekstin. 0
to answer v-sta-a v______ v-s-a-a ------- vastata 0
I answered. M-n----e--vas----ut. M___ o___ v_________ M-n- o-e- v-s-a-n-t- -------------------- Minä olen vastannut. 0
I answered all the questions. M--ä-ol-n--astan-ut ka---iin ky------iin. M___ o___ v________ k_______ k___________ M-n- o-e- v-s-a-n-t k-i-k-i- k-s-m-k-i-n- ----------------------------------------- Minä olen vastannut kaikkiin kysymyksiin. 0
I know that – I knew that. Minä ti---n-se- - min- o--n --enn-t---n. M___ t_____ s__ – m___ o___ t______ s___ M-n- t-e-ä- s-n – m-n- o-e- t-e-n-t s-n- ---------------------------------------- Minä tiedän sen – minä olen tiennyt sen. 0
I write that – I wrote that. Min- k---o---n --n-– m-nä--len---r--itt-nut ---. M___ k________ s__ – m___ o___ k___________ s___ M-n- k-r-o-t-n s-n – m-n- o-e- k-r-o-t-a-u- s-n- ------------------------------------------------ Minä kirjoitan sen – minä olen kirjoittanut sen. 0
I hear that – I heard that. Mi-ä --ulen --- – min---le- -uu---t--en. M___ k_____ s__ – m___ o___ k______ s___ M-n- k-u-e- s-n – m-n- o-e- k-u-l-t s-n- ---------------------------------------- Minä kuulen sen – minä olen kuullut sen. 0
I’ll get it – I got it. M--ä h-e--sen –--in--ole---akenu---en. M___ h___ s__ – m___ o___ h______ s___ M-n- h-e- s-n – m-n- o-e- h-k-n-t s-n- -------------------------------------- Minä haen sen – minä olen hakenut sen. 0
I’ll bring that – I brought that. M--ä ---- --n-- min--o--- --o--- s-n. M___ t___ s__ – m___ o___ t_____ s___ M-n- t-o- s-n – m-n- o-e- t-o-u- s-n- ------------------------------------- Minä tuon sen – minä olen tuonut sen. 0
I’ll buy that – I bought that. Mi-- --t-- s-n - mi-- -l-------nu- s--. M___ o____ s__ – m___ o___ o______ s___ M-n- o-t-n s-n – m-n- o-e- o-t-n-t s-n- --------------------------------------- Minä ostan sen – minä olen ostanut sen. 0
I expect that – I expected that. M-nä--dot-n -itä – --n--o--n o-ot--n-t --t-. M___ o_____ s___ – m___ o___ o________ s____ M-n- o-o-a- s-t- – m-n- o-e- o-o-t-n-t s-t-. -------------------------------------------- Minä odotan sitä – minä olen odottanut sitä. 0
I’ll explain that – I explained that. Mi-ä-selitän-s---– -------en selittä-y--s--. M___ s______ s__ – m___ o___ s_________ s___ M-n- s-l-t-n s-n – m-n- o-e- s-l-t-ä-y- s-n- -------------------------------------------- Minä selitän sen – minä olen selittänyt sen. 0
I know that – I knew that. Mi-- --nn-- -e--– m-n- ol---t-n-en-----n. M___ t_____ s__ – m___ o___ t_______ s___ M-n- t-n-e- s-n – m-n- o-e- t-n-e-u- s-n- ----------------------------------------- Minä tunnen sen – minä olen tuntenut sen. 0

Negative words aren't translated into the native language

When reading, multilinguals translate subconsciously into their native language. This happens automatically; that is, the readers do it without realizing. It could be said that the brain functions like a simultaneous translator. But it doesn't translate everything! One study has shown that the brain has a built-in filter. This filter decides what gets translated. And it appears that the filter ignores certain words. Negative words aren't translated into the native language. Researchers selected native speakers of Chinese for their experiment. All test subjects spoke English as their second language. The test subjects had to rate various English words. These words had different emotional content. There were positive, negative and neutral terms. While the test subjects read the words, their brains were examined. That is, the researchers measured the electrical brain activity. In doing so, they could see how the brain worked. Certain signals are generated during the translation of words. They indicate that the brain is active. However, the test subjects showed no activity with the negative words. Only the positive or neutral terms were translated. Researchers don't yet know why this is. Theoretically, the brain has to process all words the same. It could be, however, that the filter quickly examines each word. It is analyzed while still being read in the second language. If a word is negative, the memory is blocked. In other words, it can't think of the word in the native language. People can react very sensitively to words. Perhaps the brain wants to protect them from emotional shock…