English US » Catalan
to have to do something / must
haver de fer alguna cosa
|I must post the letter.||Ha-- d------- u-- c----.||+|
|I must pay the hotel.||Ha-- d- p---- l------.||+|
|You must get up early.||T’--- d- l----- d-----.||+|
|You must work a lot.||Ha- d- t-------- m---.||+|
|You must be punctual.||Ha- d-------- a t----.||+|
|He must fuel / get petrol / get gas (am.).||(E--) h- d- p---- b------.||+|
|He must repair the car.||(E--) h- d- r------ e- c----.||+|
|He must wash the car.||(E--) h- d- r----- e- c----.||+|
|She must shop.||(E---) h- d- f-- c------.||+|
|She must clean the apartment.||(E---) h- d- n------ l-----------.||+|
|She must wash the clothes.||(E---) h- d- r----- l- r---.||+|
|We must go to school at once.||He- d----- d- s------ a l-------.||+|
|We must go to work at once.||He- d----- d- s------ a t--------.||+|
|We must go to the doctor at once.||He- d----- d- s------ a- m----.||+|
|You must wait for the bus.||He- d-------- l--------.||+|
|You must wait for the train.||He- d-------- e- t---.||+|
|You must wait for the taxi.||He- d-------- e- t---.||+|
Why are there so many different languages?Today there are more than 6,000 different languages worldwide. This is why we need interpreters and translators. A very long time ago, everyone still spoke the same language. That changed, however, when people began to migrate. They left their African homeland and moved around the world. This spatial separation lead to a linguistic separation as well. Because each people developed its own form of communication. Many different languages evolved from the common proto-language. But man never remained in one place for very long. So the languages became increasingly separated from each other. Somewhere along the line, a common root could no longer be recognized. Furthermore, no people lived in isolation for thousands of years. There was always contact with other peoples.
This changed the languages. They took on elements from foreign languages or they merged. Because of this, the progression of the languages never stopped. Therefore, migrations and contact with new peoples explain the multitude of languages. Why languages are so different is another question, however. Every evolution follows certain rules. So there must be a reason for languages being the way they are. For these reasons scientists have been interested in them for years. They would like to know why languages develop differently. In order to research that, one must trace the history of languages. Then one can identify what changed when. It is still unknown what influences the development of languages. Cultural factors appear to be more important than biological factors. That is to say, the history of different peoples shaped their languages. Obviously, languages tell us more than we know…
_______ is counted among the Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in most of the states of northern and central India. _______ is closely related to the Urdu language that is primarily spoken in Pakistan. For all intents and purposes, the two languages are almost identical. The crucial difference is in the writing system. _______ is written in Devanagari. On the other hand, Urdu uses the Arabic semiotic system.
Distinctive for _______ are the many dialects. These differ, sometimes strongly, from one another due to the country's size. _______ is the native language of 370 million people. An additional 150 million people are proficient in _______ as a second language. With that, _______ is among the most spoken languages of the world. It is in second place after C******ese. So it comes before Spanish and English! And India's influence in the world is growing rapidly!