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One language, many varietiesEven if we only speak one language, we speak many languages. For no language is a self-contained system. Every language shows many different dimensions. Language is a living system. Speakers always orient themselves towards their conversation partners. Therefore, people vary the language they speak. These varieties appear in various forms. For example, every language has a history. It has changed and will continue to change. This can be recognized in the fact that old people speak differently than young people. There are also various dialects in most languages. However, many dialect speakers can adapt to their environment. In certain situations they speak the standard language.
Different social groups have different languages. Youth language or hunter's jargon are examples of this. Most people speak differently at work than they do at home. Many also use a professional jargon at work. Differences also appear in spoken and written language. Spoken language is typically much simpler than written. The difference can be quite large. This is the case when written languages don't change for a long time. Speakers then must learn to use the language in written form first. The language of women and men is often different as well. This difference isn't that great in western societies. But there are countries in which women speak much more differently than men. In some cultures, politeness has its own linguistic form. Speaking is therefore not at all so easy! We have to pay attention to many different things at the same time…
_______ is a South Slavic language. It is very closely related to Serbian, Bosnian and Montenegrin. The speakers of these languages can easily communicate among themselves. Therefore, many linguists think that _______ is not even its own language. They view it as one of the many forms of Serbo-_______. Approximately 7 million people worldwide speak _______. The language is written with Latin letters.
The _______ alphabet has 30 letters, including a few special symbols. The orthography strictly conforms to the pronunciation of the words. That is also true for words that are borrowed from other languages. The lexical stress of _______ is melodic. That means that the pitch of the syllables is crucial in the intonation. The grammar has seven cases and is not always simple. It is worth it to learn the _______ language though. ****** is a really beautiful vacation spot!