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Around the house
|Our house is here.||To-- j- n-- d--.|
|The roof is on top.||Na---- j- s------.|
|The basement is below.||Do-- j- s----.|
|There is a garden behind the house.||Za d---- j- z------.|
|There is no street in front of the house.||Př-- d---- n----- ž---- c----.|
|There are trees next to the house.||Ve--- d--- j--- s-----.|
|My apartment is here.||To-- j- m-- b--.|
|The kitchen and bathroom are here.||Ta-- j- k------ a k-------.|
|The living room and bedroom are there.||Ta- j- o----- a l------.|
|The front door is closed.||Do----- d---- j--- z------.|
|But the windows are open.||Al- o--- j--- o-------.|
|It is hot today.||Dn-- j- h----.|
|We are going to the living room.||Jd--- d- o------.|
|There is a sofa and an armchair there.||Je t-- p------ a k-----.|
|Please, sit down!||Po----- s-!|
|My computer is there.||Ta- s---- m-- p------.|
|My stereo is there.||Ta- s---- m--- s----- v--.|
|The TV set is brand new.||Ta t------- j- ú---- n---.|
Words and vocabularyEvery language has its own vocabulary. This consists of a certain number of words. A word is an independent linguistic unit. Words always have a distinct meaning. This distinguishes them from sounds or syllables. The number of words is different in every language. English, for example, has many words. It's even known as the World Champion in the category of vocabulary. The English language supposedly has more than one million words today. The Oxford English Dictionary has more than 600,000 words in it. Chinese, Spanish and Russian have much fewer. The vocabulary of a language is also dependent on its history. English has been influenced by many other languages and cultures.
As a result, the English vocabulary has increased considerably. But even today the English vocabulary continues to get larger. Experts estimate that 15 new words are added every day. These originate from new media more than anywhere else. Scientific terminology is not counted here. For chemical terminology alone contains thousands of words. Longer words are used less than shorter words in almost every language. And most speakers only use a few words. That is why we decide between active and passive vocabulary. Passive vocabulary contains words that we understand. But we use them seldom or not at all. Active vocabulary contains the words that we use on a regular basis. A few words suffice for simple conversations or texts. In English, you only need around 400 words and 40 verbs for that. So don't worry if your vocabulary is limited!
_______ is in the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is closely related to Arabic and Aramaic. _______ is the native language of 5 million people. Modern _______ is an artificially created language. It is based on long-extinct ancient _______. The vocabulary and grammar were borrowed in part from other languages. In this way ancient _______ was deliberately converted into a modern standard language.
This planned linguistic change is unique worldwide. The _______ semiotic system consists of a consonantal alphabet. That means that vowels are not written, as a rule. They do not have their own letters. _______ text is read from right to left. Its symbols go back to a 3000 year-old tradition. Whoever learns _______ learns a piece of cultural history at the same time. Give it a try!