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83 [eighty-three]

Past tense 3


+ 83 [ochenta y tres]

+ Pretérito 3

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English UKespañol
to make a call ha---- p-- t------o +
I made a call. He h------ p-- t-------. +
I was talking on the phone all the time. He h------ p-- t------- t--- e- r---. +
to ask pr------r +
I asked. (Y-) h- p---------. +
I always asked. Si----- h- p---------. +
to narrate co---r +
I narrated. He c------. +
I narrated the whole story. He c------ t--- l- h-------. +
to study es-----r +
I studied. He e--------. +
I studied the whole evening. He e-------- t--- l- t----. +
to work tr-----r +
I worked. He t--------. +
I worked all day long. He t-------- t--- e- d--. +
to eat co--r +
I ate. He c-----. +
I ate all the food. Me h- c----- t--- l- c-----. +

The history of linguistics

Languages have always fascinated mankind. The history of linguistics is therefore very long. Linguistics is the systematic study of language. Even thousands of years ago people contemplated language. In doing so, different cultures developed different systems. As a result, different descriptions of languages emerged. Today's linguistics are based on ancient theories more than anything else. Many traditions were established in Greece in particular. The oldest known work about language comes from India, however. It was written 3,000 years ago by the grammarian Sakatayana. In ancient times, philosophers like Plato busied themselves with languages. Later, Roman authors developed their theories further. Arabians, too, developed their own traditions in the 8th century.

Even then, their works show precise descriptions of the Arabian language. In modern times, man particularly wanted to research where language comes from. Scholars were especially interested in the history of language. In the 18th century, people started to compare languages with each other. They wanted to understand how languages develop. Later they concentrated on languages as a system. The question of how languages function was the focal point. Today, a great number of schools of thought exist within linguistics. Many new disciplines have developed since the fifties. These were in part strongly influenced by other sciences. Examples are psycholinguistics or intercultural communication. The newer linguistic schools of thought are very specialized. One example of this is feminist linguistics. So the history of linguistics continues… As long as there are languages, man will contemplate them!
Guess the language!
_______ is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in ******. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular.

It has been influenced by numerous other languages. The neighbouring country of Serbia has especially influenced the _______ language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for _______ to establish itself as its own language. _______ literature has especially suffered from this situation. _______ is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the _______ identity.