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58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body


+ 58 [pedeset i osam]

+ Dijelovi tijela

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English UKhrvatski
I am drawing a man. Cr--- m-------. +
First the head. Pr-- g----. +
The man is wearing a hat. Mu------ n--- š----. +
One cannot see the hair. Ko-- s- n- v---. +
One cannot see the ears either. Uš- s- t------ n- v---. +
One cannot see his back either. Le-- s- t------ n- v---. +
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth. Cr--- o-- i u---. +
The man is dancing and laughing. Mu------ p---- i s---- s-. +
The man has a long nose. Mu------ i-- d-- n--. +
He is carrying a cane in his hands. On n--- š--- u r-----. +
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck. On n--- i š-- o-- v----. +
It is winter and it is cold. Zi-- j- i h----- j-. +
The arms are athletic. Ru-- s- j---. +
The legs are also athletic. No-- s- t------ j---. +
The man is made of snow. Mu------ j- o- s------. +
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat. On n- n--- h---- i k----. +
But the man is not freezing. Al- m-------- s- n- s------. +
He is a snowman. On j- s--------. +

The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb.

More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…
Guess the language!
_______ is a South Slavic language. It is primarily spoken in ****** and Herzegovina. Groups of speakers can also be found in Serbia, Croatia, Macedonia, and Montenegro. _______ is the native language of approximately 2.5 million people. It is very similar to Croatian and Serbian. The vocabulary, orthography, and grammar of the 3 languages only differ slightly. A person who speaks _______ can also understand Serbian and Croatian very easily.

Therefore, the status of the _______ language is discussed often. Some linguists doubt that _______ is a language at all. They claim that it is just a dialect of the Serbo-Croatian language. The many foreign influences in _______ are interesting. Earlier the region belonged to the Orient and to the Occident on a rotating basis. Because of this, there are many Arabic, Turkish, and Persian terms in the vocabulary. That is actually very rare in Slavic languages. It makes _______ very unique though.