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57 [fifty-seven]

At the doctor


+ 57 [piecdesmit sepiņi]

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English UKlatviešu
I have a doctor’s appointment. Ma- i- p-------- p-- ā----. +
I have the appointment at ten o’clock. Ma- i- p-------- u- d--------. +
What is your name? Kā J-- s---? +
Please take a seat in the waiting room. Lū---- g------ u---------- t----! +
The doctor is on his way. Ār--- t---- n---. +
What insurance company do you belong to? Ku- J-- e--- a----------? +
What can I do for you? Ko e- v--- d---- J--- l---? +
Do you have any pain? Va- J--- i- s----? +
Where does it hurt? Ku- s--? +
I always have back pain. Ma- v------ s-- m-----. +
I often have headaches. Ma- b---- s-- g----. +
I sometimes have stomach aches. Ma- d------ s-- v-----. +
Remove your top! Lū---- a----------- l--- v-------! +
Lie down on the examining table. Lū---- a---------- u- d-----! +
Your blood pressure is okay. As------------ i- k------. +
I will give you an injection. Es j--- i---------. +
I will give you some pills. Es J--- i----- t-------. +
I am giving you a prescription for the pharmacy. Es J--- i--------- r------. +

Long words, short words

The length of a word is dependent upon its informative content. This has been shown by an American study. Researchers evaluated words from ten European languages. This was achieved with the help of a computer. The computer analyzed various words with a program. In the process, it used a formula to calculate the informative content. The results were clear. The shorter a word is, the less information it conveys. Interestingly, we use short words more often than long words. The reason for this could lie in the efficiency of speech. When we speak, we concentrate on the most important thing. Therefore, words without much information mustn't be too long. This guarantees we don't spend too much time on unimportant things.

The correlation between length and content has another advantage. It ensures that the informative content always remains the same. That is to say, we always say the same amount in a certain period of time. For example, we can use a few long words. But we can also use many short words. It doesn't matter what we decide: The informative content remains the same. As a result, our speech has a consistent rhythm. This makes it easier for listeners to follow us. If the amount of information were always varied, it would be difficult. Our listeners couldn't adapt well to our speech. Comprehension would thus be made difficult. He who wants the best chance of being understood should use short words. Since short words are better comprehended than long ones. Therefore, the principle goes: Keep It Short and Simple! In short: KISS!
Guess the language!
_______ is one of the Indo-Iranian languages. It is the native language of about 200 million people. More than 140 million of those people live in Bangladesh. There are also approximately 75 million speakers in India. Additional speakers are found in Malaysia, Nepal and Saudi Arabia. _______ is thus one of the most spoken languages of the world. The language has its own writing system.

There are even distinct symbols for numbers. Nowadays, however, Arabic digits are used most of the time. _______ syntax follows strict rules. The subject comes first, then the object, and finally the verb. There are no grammatical genders. Nouns and adjectives also vary only slightly. That is a good thing for everyone that wants to learn this important language. And as many as possible should do so!