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56 [elli altı]
|to feel like / want to||Ze--- h-- a---k|
|We feel like. / We want to.||Ze-- a-------.|
|We don’t feel like. / We do’t want to.||Ze-- a--------.|
|to be afraid||Ko----k|
|I’m afraid.||Be- k---------.|
|I am not afraid.||Ko---------.|
|to have time||Za---- o---k|
|He has time.||On-- (e----) z----- v--.|
|He has no time.||On-- (e----) z----- y--.|
|to be bored||Ca-- s------k|
|She is bored.||Ca-- s--------.|
|She is not bored.||Ca-- s---------.|
|to be hungry||Ac----k|
|Are you hungry?||Aç m------? (ç----)|
|Aren’t you hungry?||Aç d---- m------? (ç----)|
|to be thirsty||Su----k|
|They are thirsty.||Su--------.|
|They are not thirsty.||Su----------.|
Secret LanguagesWith languages, we aim to express what we think and feel. So understanding is the most important purpose of a language. But sometimes people don't want to be understood by everyone. In this case, they invent secret languages. Secret languages have fascinated people for thousands of years. Julius Caesar had his own secret language, for example. He sent coded messages to all areas of his empire. His enemies couldn't read the coded news. Secret languages are protected communication. We differentiate ourselves from others through secret languages. We show that we belong to an exclusive group. There are different reasons why we use secret languages. Lovers write coded letters at all times.
Certain professional groups have their own languages as well. So there are languages for magicians, thieves and business people. But secret languages are most often used for political purposes. Secret languages have been used in almost every war. The military and intelligence services have their own experts for secret languages. Cryptology is the science of encoding. Modern codes are based on complicated mathematical formulas. But they are very difficult to decode. Without encoded languages, our life would be unthinkable. Encrypted data is used everywhere today. Credit cards and Emails – everything functions with codes. Children find secret languages especially exciting. They love to exchange secret messages with their friends. Secret languages are even useful for the development of children… They promote creativity and a feeling for language!
The _______ language is counted among the most important languages worldwide. More than 300 million people in over 20 countries speak _______. This Afro-Asian language originated several thousands of years ago. Originally only spoken on the _______ peninsula, it later became widespread. There are many different _______ dialects. Many of the dialects are very different from standard _______. Speakers from different regions often do not understand each other at all.
Ancient _______ is hardly spoken today. It exists most notably in the written form. Interest in _______ has increased in recent years. Many people find the _______ writing system especially fascinating. It is written from right to left. If you want to learn _______, you must do so in a particular order. First the pronunciation, then the grammar, then the writing system. If you stick to that order, you will most definitely have fun while learning.