Phrasebook

en Small Talk 2   »   ad ЗэдэгущыIэгъу кIэкI 2

21 [twenty-one]

Small Talk 2

Small Talk 2

21 [тIокIырэ зырэ]

21 [tIokIyrje zyrje]

ЗэдэгущыIэгъу кIэкI 2

[ZjedjegushhyIjegu kIjekI 2]

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Where do you come from? Т-д--у-ъ-кI-р-? Тыдэ укъикIырэ? Т-д- у-ъ-к-ы-э- --------------- Тыдэ укъикIырэ? 0
T--j--u-i---r-e? Tydje ukikIyrje? T-d-e u-i-I-r-e- ---------------- Tydje ukikIyrje?
From Basel. Б--е-- --къ----. Базель сыкъекIы. Б-з-л- с-к-е-I-. ---------------- Базель сыкъекIы. 0
B-zel---yk----. Bazel' sykekIy. B-z-l- s-k-k-y- --------------- Bazel' sykekIy.
Basel is in Switzerland. Базель Швей-а--ем-и-. Базель Швейцарием ит. Б-з-л- Ш-е-ц-р-е- и-. --------------------- Базель Швейцарием ит. 0
Ba-e-'---ve-ca-i-m-it. Bazel' Shvejcariem it. B-z-l- S-v-j-a-i-m i-. ---------------------- Bazel' Shvejcariem it.
May I introduce Mr. Miller? Зи---ь-н-- Мю--ер-нэ-уа----ъы-ыф-сэ-ъэш-. Зиусхьанэу Мюллер нэIуасэ къызыфэсэгъэшI. З-у-х-а-э- М-л-е- н-I-а-э к-ы-ы-э-э-ъ-ш-. ----------------------------------------- Зиусхьанэу Мюллер нэIуасэ къызыфэсэгъэшI. 0
Zi--h-an-eu-Mj-l--r-nj-I-as-- -y---j-----j-shI. Ziush'anjeu Mjuller njeIuasje kyzyfjesjegjeshI. Z-u-h-a-j-u M-u-l-r n-e-u-s-e k-z-f-e-j-g-e-h-. ----------------------------------------------- Ziush'anjeu Mjuller njeIuasje kyzyfjesjegjeshI.
He is a foreigner. А- -эк-ыбы---ъи----ъ. Ар IэкIыбым къикIыгъ. А- I-к-ы-ы- к-и-I-г-. --------------------- Ар IэкIыбым къикIыгъ. 0
A--Ijek-y-ym-ki---g. Ar IjekIybym kikIyg. A- I-e-I-b-m k-k-y-. -------------------- Ar IjekIybym kikIyg.
He speaks several languages. А------з--л- Iул-. Ащ бзэ заулэ Iулъ. А- б-э з-у-э I-л-. ------------------ Ащ бзэ заулэ Iулъ. 0
A-h---z-e z-u--- Iu-. Ashh bzje zaulje Iul. A-h- b-j- z-u-j- I-l- --------------------- Ashh bzje zaulje Iul.
Are you here for the first time? Мыщ апэ-а--къ---рэк-о-эр? Мыщ апэра укъызэрэкIорэр? М-щ а-э-а у-ъ-з-р-к-о-э-? ------------------------- Мыщ апэра укъызэрэкIорэр? 0
M--hh -pj-ra u--z-erj----r--r? Myshh apjera ukyzjerjekIorjer? M-s-h a-j-r- u-y-j-r-e-I-r-e-? ------------------------------ Myshh apjera ukyzjerjekIorjer?
No, I was here once last year. Хьау- сэ---щ--------уи сыщ-----. Хьау, сэ мыщ гъэрекIуи сыщыIагъ. Х-а-, с- м-щ г-э-е-I-и с-щ-I-г-. -------------------------------- Хьау, сэ мыщ гъэрекIуи сыщыIагъ. 0
H'a-, ----m---h--je--k--i s-s------. H'au, sje myshh gjerekIui syshhyIag. H-a-, s-e m-s-h g-e-e-I-i s-s-h-I-g- ------------------------------------ H'au, sje myshh gjerekIui syshhyIag.
Only for a week, though. Ау-тх-амэфэ----ны---. Ау тхьамэфэриз ныIэп. А- т-ь-м-ф-р-з н-I-п- --------------------- Ау тхьамэфэриз ныIэп. 0
Au th'am-e---r---n--j--. Au th'amjefjeriz nyIjep. A- t-'-m-e-j-r-z n-I-e-. ------------------------ Au th'amjefjeriz nyIjep.
How do you like it here? Т--эжь-шъугу--ехь-? Тадэжь шъугу рехьа? Т-д-ж- ш-у-у р-х-а- ------------------- Тадэжь шъугу рехьа? 0
T------- s---u-r----? Tadjezh' shugu reh'a? T-d-e-h- s-u-u r-h-a- --------------------- Tadjezh' shugu reh'a?
A lot. The people are nice. Ар----к--р-- -Iыфх--- н-г-----. Ары зэкIэри. ЦIыфхэри нэгушIох. А-ы з-к-э-и- Ц-ы-х-р- н-г-ш-о-. ------------------------------- Ары зэкIэри. ЦIыфхэри нэгушIох. 0
Ar--z-e-Ijeri- --y-h------jegush-oh. Ary zjekIjeri. CIyfhjeri njegushIoh. A-y z-e-I-e-i- C-y-h-e-i n-e-u-h-o-. ------------------------------------ Ary zjekIjeri. CIyfhjeri njegushIoh.
And I like the scenery, too. Ч--ш-х--ш-о-гъ-п-ык-эри -ы-у -----. ЧIышъхьэшъо гъэпсыкIэри сыгу рехьы. Ч-ы-ъ-ь-ш-о г-э-с-к-э-и с-г- р-х-ы- ----------------------------------- ЧIышъхьэшъо гъэпсыкIэри сыгу рехьы. 0
C----hh'----o-g-ep---I-e-- -y---reh'y. ChIyshh'jesho gjepsykIjeri sygu reh'y. C-I-s-h-j-s-o g-e-s-k-j-r- s-g- r-h-y- -------------------------------------- ChIyshh'jesho gjepsykIjeri sygu reh'y.
What is your profession? Сы-----э--ата -и---? Сыд сэнэхьата уиIэр? С-д с-н-х-а-а у-I-р- -------------------- Сыд сэнэхьата уиIэр? 0
S-d-s-e-jeh'-----iIj--? Syd sjenjeh'ata uiIjer? S-d s-e-j-h-a-a u-I-e-? ----------------------- Syd sjenjeh'ata uiIjer?
I am a translator. Сэ с---дз--I---у. Сэ сызэдзэкIакIу. С- с-з-д-э-I-к-у- ----------------- Сэ сызэдзэкIакIу. 0
S-e----jed----I---u. Sje syzjedzjekIakIu. S-e s-z-e-z-e-I-k-u- -------------------- Sje syzjedzjekIakIu.
I translate books. Сэ -хы--хэр ----дз-к-ы-. Сэ тхылъхэр зэсэдзэкIых. С- т-ы-ъ-э- з-с-д-э-I-х- ------------------------ Сэ тхылъхэр зэсэдзэкIых. 0
Sje-thy---------sj-d-----yh. Sje thylhjer zjesjedzjekIyh. S-e t-y-h-e- z-e-j-d-j-k-y-. ---------------------------- Sje thylhjer zjesjedzjekIyh.
Are you alone here? У-----о----щ у-ыI-? Уизакъоу мыщ ущыIа? У-з-к-о- м-щ у-ы-а- ------------------- Уизакъоу мыщ ущыIа? 0
Ui--ko------h us--yI-? Uizakou myshh ushhyIa? U-z-k-u m-s-h u-h-y-a- ---------------------- Uizakou myshh ushhyIa?
No, my wife / my husband is also here. Хьау, с-ъу---/ --лI---ыщ ---. Хьау, сшъузи / силIи мыщ щыI. Х-а-, с-ъ-з- / с-л-и м-щ щ-I- ----------------------------- Хьау, сшъузи / силIи мыщ щыI. 0
H'au, s-h-z--/--ilI- m--hh sh-y-. H'au, sshuzi / silIi myshh shhyI. H-a-, s-h-z- / s-l-i m-s-h s-h-I- --------------------------------- H'au, sshuzi / silIi myshh shhyI.
And those are my two children. Си--быи------о-э м-р--щ-I--. СисабыитIуи модэ мары щыIэх. С-с-б-и-I-и м-д- м-р- щ-I-х- ---------------------------- СисабыитIуи модэ мары щыIэх. 0
Si--by--I---mo--e---r- s-----eh. SisabyitIui modje mary shhyIjeh. S-s-b-i-I-i m-d-e m-r- s-h-I-e-. -------------------------------- SisabyitIui modje mary shhyIjeh.

Romance Languages

700 million people speak a Romance language as their native tongue. Thus the Romance language group ranks among the most significant worldwide. Romance languages belong to the Indo-European language family. All Romance languages date back to Latin. This means they are descendants of the language of Rome. The basis of all Romance languages was Vulgar Latin. By which is meant the Latin spoken in late ancient times. Vulgar Latin was spread throughout Europe through Roman conquests. Out of it there then developed the Romance languages and dialects. Latin itself is an Italian language. There are in total about 15 Romance languages. The exact number is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. A few Romance languages have died out over the years. But new languages based on Romance languages have also developed. They are Creole languages. Today, Spanish is the largest Romance language worldwide. It belongs to the world languages with more than 380 million speakers. Romance languages are very interesting for scientists. Because the history of this linguistic group is well-documented. Latin or Roman texts have existed for 2,500 years. Linguists use them to examine the evolution of the individual languages. Thus, the rules from which language develops can be researched. Many of these results can be transferred to other languages. The grammar of Romance languages is similarly constructed. Above all, however, the vocabulary of the languages is similar. If a person speaks one Romance language, he can easily learn another one. Thank you, Latin!
Did you know?
The Japanese language is surely one of the most fascinating. Many people find the writing system especially interesting. It is comprised of Chinese symbols and two syllabaries. Another characteristic of Japanese is that it has many dialects. These differ from one another significantly in some cases. Thus it is possible that two speakers from different regions do not understand each other. Japanese has a melodic accent. If a word needs to be emphasized it is not spoken louder. The pitches of the sounds are varied. Approximately 130 million people speak Japanese. Naturally, the majority of those live in Japan. There are also large groups of Japanese speakers in Brazil and North America. They are the descendants of Japanese emigrants. There are relatively few true second language speakers. That is exactly what should motivate us to learn this exciting language!