en Small Talk 3   »   ad ЗэдэгущыIэгъу кIэкI 3

22 [twenty-two]

Small Talk 3

Small Talk 3

22 [тIокIырэ тIурэ]

22 [tIokIyrje tIurje]

ЗэдэгущыIэгъу кIэкI 3

[ZjedjegushhyIjegu kIjekI 3]

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Do you smoke? Т-ты--уе--у-? Тутын уешъуа? Т-т-н у-ш-у-? ------------- Тутын уешъуа? 0
T-ty- u-sh-a? Tutyn ueshua? T-t-n u-s-u-? ------------- Tutyn ueshua?
I used to. С-ш--щ-ыгъ. Сешъощтыгъ. С-ш-о-т-г-. ----------- Сешъощтыгъ. 0
S--hosh--y-. Seshoshhtyg. S-s-o-h-t-g- ------------ Seshoshhtyg.
But I don’t smoke anymore. А- джы-с-ш-ожьрэп. Ау джы сешъожьрэп. А- д-ы с-ш-о-ь-э-. ------------------ Ау джы сешъожьрэп. 0
Au d-h---e-------je-. Au dzhy seshozh'rjep. A- d-h- s-s-o-h-r-e-. --------------------- Au dzhy seshozh'rjep.
Does it disturb you if I smoke? Тут---х--г-анэ------ъ-о-ъ-щта? Тутын хэзгъанэмэ узгъэохъущта? Т-т-н х-з-ъ-н-м- у-г-э-х-у-т-? ------------------------------ Тутын хэзгъанэмэ узгъэохъущта? 0
T-t-n h--------mje--z---ohu--h--? Tutyn hjezganjemje uzgjeohushhta? T-t-n h-e-g-n-e-j- u-g-e-h-s-h-a- --------------------------------- Tutyn hjezganjemje uzgjeohushhta?
No, absolutely not. Х-а-,----I---р--. Хьау, зыкIи арэп. Х-а-, з-к-и а-э-. ----------------- Хьау, зыкIи арэп. 0
H'--, zykIi --j--. H'au, zykIi arjep. H-a-, z-k-i a-j-p- ------------------ H'au, zykIi arjep.
It doesn’t disturb me. Ащ-с---и-----ъу----. Ащ сэ сигъэохъущтэп. А- с- с-г-э-х-у-т-п- -------------------- Ащ сэ сигъэохъущтэп. 0
As-----e--i-jeohu-h-----. Ashh sje sigjeohushhtjep. A-h- s-e s-g-e-h-s-h-j-p- ------------------------- Ashh sje sigjeohushhtjep.
Will you drink something? Зы--р-м уешъ---а? Зыгорэм уешъощта? З-г-р-м у-ш-о-т-? ----------------- Зыгорэм уешъощта? 0
Z--o---m-u--h--h-t-? Zygorjem ueshoshhta? Z-g-r-e- u-s-o-h-t-? -------------------- Zygorjem ueshoshhta?
A brandy? Конья-? Коньяк? К-н-я-? ------- Коньяк? 0
Ko--ja-? Kon'jak? K-n-j-k- -------- Kon'jak?
No, preferably a beer. Хь-у, пи--мэ нахьы-I-. Хьау, пивэмэ нахьышIу. Х-а-, п-в-м- н-х-ы-I-. ---------------------- Хьау, пивэмэ нахьышIу. 0
H-au,-p-vj---e na-'y-hI-. H'au, pivjemje nah'yshIu. H-a-, p-v-e-j- n-h-y-h-u- ------------------------- H'au, pivjemje nah'yshIu.
Do you travel a lot? Бэр- -е--о---I--? Бэрэ зекIо окIуа? Б-р- з-к-о о-I-а- ----------------- Бэрэ зекIо окIуа? 0
B-erje --k----kIu-? Bjerje zekIo okIua? B-e-j- z-k-o o-I-a- ------------------- Bjerje zekIo okIua?
Yes, mostly on business trips. А-ы,--у -ах-ыбэр-мк-- -о------ь----гъэ- сэ-е-Iо. Ары, ау нахьыбэрэмкIэ Iофым ехьылIагъэу сэзекIо. А-ы- а- н-х-ы-э-э-к-э I-ф-м е-ь-л-а-ъ-у с-з-к-о- ------------------------------------------------ Ары, ау нахьыбэрэмкIэ Iофым ехьылIагъэу сэзекIо. 0
Ary, -u------b--rje-k-j--Iofy- ----lIa--eu---e-e---. Ary, au nah'ybjerjemkIje Iofym eh'ylIagjeu sjezekIo. A-y- a- n-h-y-j-r-e-k-j- I-f-m e-'-l-a-j-u s-e-e-I-. ---------------------------------------------------- Ary, au nah'ybjerjemkIje Iofym eh'ylIagjeu sjezekIo.
But now we’re on holiday. А--мы-ы--эгурэ--г--пс-фа--о-м-щ -ыщыI. Ау мызыгъэгурэм гъэпсэфакIо мыщ тыщыI. А- м-з-г-э-у-э- г-э-с-ф-к-о м-щ т-щ-I- -------------------------------------- Ау мызыгъэгурэм гъэпсэфакIо мыщ тыщыI. 0
A- m---g----r-e- gjeps-e-ak-o-m--h----s---I. Au myzygjegurjem gjepsjefakIo myshh tyshhyI. A- m-z-g-e-u-j-m g-e-s-e-a-I- m-s-h t-s-h-I- -------------------------------------------- Au myzygjegurjem gjepsjefakIo myshh tyshhyI.
It’s so hot! С-д----ъор-ъ! Сыдэу жъоркъ! С-д-у ж-о-к-! ------------- Сыдэу жъоркъ! 0
S-d-e--zho-k! Sydjeu zhork! S-d-e- z-o-k- ------------- Sydjeu zhork!
Yes, today it’s really hot. Ары, -е-э щэч--эм-л-эу-фэб--. Ары, непэ щэч хэмылъэу фэбае. А-ы- н-п- щ-ч х-м-л-э- ф-б-е- ----------------------------- Ары, непэ щэч хэмылъэу фэбае. 0
Ary, n--je------c--hje--l-eu-f---ae. Ary, nepje shhjech hjemyljeu fjebae. A-y- n-p-e s-h-e-h h-e-y-j-u f-e-a-. ------------------------------------ Ary, nepje shhjech hjemyljeu fjebae.
Let’s go to the balcony. Ба----ы--т-т--ъахь. Балконым тытегъахь. Б-л-о-ы- т-т-г-а-ь- ------------------- Балконым тытегъахь. 0
Balko-ym --te--h-. Balkonym tytegah'. B-l-o-y- t-t-g-h-. ------------------ Balkonym tytegah'.
There’s a party here tomorrow. Неу--мы- чэ------ыI-щ-. Неущ мыщ чэщдэс щыIэщт. Н-у- м-щ ч-щ-э- щ-I-щ-. ----------------------- Неущ мыщ чэщдэс щыIэщт. 0
N-u-hh --s-h------hh-j---s-h-I-e--ht. Neushh myshh chjeshhdjes shhyIjeshht. N-u-h- m-s-h c-j-s-h-j-s s-h-I-e-h-t- ------------------------------------- Neushh myshh chjeshhdjes shhyIjeshht.
Are you also coming? Ш--ри -ъ-к-эк-о-т-? Шъори шъукъэкIощта? Ш-о-и ш-у-ъ-к-о-т-? ------------------- Шъори шъукъэкIощта? 0
S---i ---k-ek-o--ht-? Shori shukjekIoshhta? S-o-i s-u-j-k-o-h-t-? --------------------- Shori shukjekIoshhta?
Yes, we’ve also been invited. Ар-, тэ-- -ы--ыр--ъ-бл--ъ--ъ. Ары, тэри тыкъырагъэблэгъагъ. А-ы- т-р- т-к-ы-а-ъ-б-э-ъ-г-. ----------------------------- Ары, тэри тыкъырагъэблэгъагъ. 0
A--- -j-ri---ky-ag--bljegag. Ary, tjeri tykyragjebljegag. A-y- t-e-i t-k-r-g-e-l-e-a-. ---------------------------- Ary, tjeri tykyragjebljegag.

Language and writing

Each language is used for communication between people. When we speak, we express what we are thinking and feeling. In doing so, we don't always stick to the rules of our language. We use our own language, our vernacular. It's different in written language. Here, all the rules of our language are displayed. Writing is what enables a language to become a real language. It makes language visible. Through writing, thousands of years' worth of knowledge is passed on. This is why writing is the foundation of every sophisticated culture. The first form of writing was invented more than 5,000 years ago. It was the cuneiform writing of the Sumerians. It was carved into slabs of clay. This cuneiform was used for three hundred years. The hieroglyphics of the ancient Egyptians existed for about as long. Countless scientists have devoted their studies to it. Hieroglyphics represent a relatively complicated writing system. However, it was probably invented for a very simple reason. The Egypt of that time was a vast kingdom with many inhabitants. Everyday life and above all the economic system needed to be organized. Taxes and accounting needed to be efficiently managed. For this, the ancient Egyptians developed their graphic characters. Alphabetic writing systems, on the other hand, go back to the Sumerians. Each writing system reveals a great deal about the people who use it. Furthermore, each country shows its own characteristics through its writing. Unfortunately, the art of handwriting is disappearing. Modern technology makes it almost superfluous. So: Don't just speak, keep writing too!
Did you know?
Kannada is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. Kannada is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak Kannada as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. Kannada is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups. The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written Kannada differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, Kannada has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.