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20 [twenty]

Small Talk 1

Small Talk 1

‫20 [بیس]‬


‫مختصر گفتگو 1‬

[mukhtasir guftagu]

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Make yourself comfortable! ‫-----س--بیٹ-ی-‬ ‫____ س_ ب______ ‫-ر-م س- ب-ٹ-ی-‬ ---------------- ‫آرام سے بیٹھیے‬ 0
aaraam -- b-th-e a_____ s_ b_____ a-r-a- s- b-t-y- ---------------- aaraam se bathye
Please, feel right at home! ‫--ر ک- -ر- -ح--- ----‬ ‫___ ک_ ط__ م____ ک____ ‫-ھ- ک- ط-ح م-س-س ک-ی-‬ ----------------------- ‫گھر کی طرح محسوس کریں‬ 0
g-ar-----erha----hso-s ---en g___ k_ t_____ m______ k____ g-a- k- t-r-a- m-h-o-s k-r-n ---------------------------- ghar ki terhan mehsoos karen
What would you like to drink? ‫---کیا -ین- پسن---ر-ں گے-‬ ‫__ ک__ پ___ پ___ ک___ گ___ ‫-پ ک-ا پ-ن- پ-ن- ک-ی- گ-؟- --------------------------- ‫آپ کیا پینا پسند کریں گے؟‬ 0
aa- --a--i--aa--a--nd karen g-? a__ k__ p_____ p_____ k____ g__ a-p k-a p-i-a- p-s-n- k-r-n g-? ------------------------------- aap kya piinaa pasand karen ge?
Do you like music? ‫--- آپ--- م--یقی--س-- ---‬ ‫___ آ_ ک_ م_____ پ___ ہ___ ‫-ی- آ- ک- م-س-ق- پ-ن- ہ-؟- --------------------------- ‫کیا آپ کہ موسیقی پسند ہے؟‬ 0
k-a-a-p---- --s-eqi --sand h--? k__ a__ k__ m______ p_____ h___ k-a a-p k-y m-s-e-i p-s-n- h-i- ------------------------------- kya aap kay moseeqi pasand hai?
I like classical music. ‫مجھ- کل-س-----و-یق---س-د-ہے‬ ‫____ ک______ م_____ پ___ ہ__ ‫-ج-ے ک-ا-ی-ی م-س-ق- پ-ن- ہ-‬ ----------------------------- ‫مجھے کلاسیکی موسیقی پسند ہے‬ 0
m-jh- -las-ki mo-ee------an---ai m____ k______ m______ p_____ h__ m-j-e k-a-i-i m-s-e-i p-s-n- h-i -------------------------------- mujhe klasiki moseeqi pasand hai
These are my CD’s. ‫یہ----- س- ڈیز-ہ--‬ ‫__ م___ س_ ڈ__ ہ___ ‫-ہ م-ر- س- ڈ-ز ہ-ں- -------------------- ‫یہ میری سی ڈیز ہیں‬ 0
yeh me-i -- -a---ha-n y__ m___ s_ d___ h___ y-h m-r- s- d-y- h-i- --------------------- yeh meri si days hain
Do you play a musical instrument? ‫--ا آپ -وئ--ان-ٹر-من--/---ہ-ب-ا-- ہی-؟‬ ‫___ آ_ ک___ ا________ / آ__ ب____ ہ____ ‫-ی- آ- ک-ئ- ا-س-ر-م-ٹ / آ-ہ ب-ا-ے ہ-ں-‬ ---------------------------------------- ‫کیا آپ کوئی انسٹرومنٹ / آلہ بجاتے ہیں؟‬ 0
k-- --p-k-y--a-a-a- ha-n? k__ a__ k__ b______ h____ k-a a-p k-y b-j-t-y h-i-? ------------------------- kya aap koy bajatay hain?
This is my guitar. ‫-ہ-م-را-گ--- -ے‬ ‫__ م___ گ___ ہ__ ‫-ہ م-ر- گ-ا- ہ-‬ ----------------- ‫یہ میرا گٹار ہے‬ 0
y-h ---- -itaar-h-i y__ m___ g_____ h__ y-h m-r- g-t-a- h-i ------------------- yeh mera gitaar hai
Do you like to sing? ‫کی- -پ---تے-----‬ ‫___ آ_ گ___ ہ____ ‫-ی- آ- گ-ت- ہ-ں-‬ ------------------ ‫کیا آپ گاتے ہیں؟‬ 0
ky- -a- g---y-ha--? k__ a__ g____ h____ k-a a-p g-t-y h-i-? ------------------- kya aap gatay hain?
Do you have children? ‫----آپ-کے--چے---ں-‬ ‫___ آ_ ک_ ب__ ہ____ ‫-ی- آ- ک- ب-ے ہ-ں-‬ -------------------- ‫کیا آپ کے بچے ہیں؟‬ 0
kya--ap -e---c-a--hain? k__ a__ k_ b_____ h____ k-a a-p k- b-c-a- h-i-? ----------------------- kya aap ke bachay hain?
Do you have a dog? ‫کیا -پ--ے-پاس------ت--ہ--‬ ‫___ آ_ ک_ پ__ ا__ ک__ ہ___ ‫-ی- آ- ک- پ-س ا-ک ک-ا ہ-؟- --------------------------- ‫کیا آپ کے پاس ایک کتا ہے؟‬ 0
kya-a---ke --as-a-k k---a ha-? k__ a__ k_ p___ a__ k____ h___ k-a a-p k- p-a- a-k k-t-a h-i- ------------------------------ kya aap ke paas aik kutta hai?
Do you have a cat? ‫--- -پ--- پ-- ب-- ---‬ ‫___ آ_ ک_ پ__ ب__ ہ___ ‫-ی- آ- ک- پ-س ب-ی ہ-؟- ----------------------- ‫کیا آپ کے پاس بلی ہے؟‬ 0
k---a-p k- paa--b-l-e hai? k__ a__ k_ p___ b____ h___ k-a a-p k- p-a- b-l-e h-i- -------------------------- kya aap ke paas balie hai?
These are my books. ‫-ہ-میری -تاب-ں ہی-‬ ‫__ م___ ک_____ ہ___ ‫-ہ م-ر- ک-ا-ی- ہ-ں- -------------------- ‫یہ میری کتابیں ہیں‬ 0
ye- ---- k-ta---nn h-in y__ m___ k________ h___ y-h m-r- k-t-b-i-n h-i- ----------------------- yeh meri kitabainn hain
I am currently reading this book. ‫-ی--ا-ھی-یہ ک--- -ڑھ-ر-ا ---‬ ‫___ ا___ ی_ ک___ پ__ ر__ ہ___ ‫-ی- ا-ھ- ی- ک-ا- پ-ھ ر-ا ہ-ں- ------------------------------ ‫میں ابھی یہ کتاب پڑھ رہا ہوں‬ 0
me---ab-i y-h kit-a- pa-h -aha --n m___ a___ y__ k_____ p___ r___ h__ m-i- a-h- y-h k-t-a- p-r- r-h- h-n ---------------------------------- mein abhi yeh kitaab parh raha hon
What do you like to read? ‫-پ -ی- پڑ------ں-‬ ‫__ ک__ پ____ ہ____ ‫-پ ک-ا پ-ھ-ے ہ-ں-‬ ------------------- ‫آپ کیا پڑھتے ہیں؟‬ 0
a-- kya p----e hai-? a__ k__ p_____ h____ a-p k-a p-r-t- h-i-? -------------------- aap kya parhte hain?
Do you like to go to concerts? ‫کیا آم---س-ٹ م---ج-ن- -سند-کرت--ہ-ں-‬ ‫___ آ_ ک____ م__ ج___ پ___ ک___ ہ____ ‫-ی- آ- ک-س-ٹ م-ں ج-ن- پ-ن- ک-ت- ہ-ں-‬ -------------------------------------- ‫کیا آم کنسرٹ میں جانا پسند کرتے ہیں؟‬ 0
ky- -am --n-ert-me-- ja-a --s--d -art---ain? k__ a__ c______ m___ j___ p_____ k____ h____ k-a a-m c-n-e-t m-i- j-n- p-s-n- k-r-e h-i-? -------------------------------------------- kya aam concert mein jana pasand karte hain?
Do you like to go to the theatre / theater (am.)? ‫کی--آم ---ٹ--میں---نا-پس-د --ت----ں؟‬ ‫___ آ_ ت____ م__ ج___ پ___ ک___ ہ____ ‫-ی- آ- ت-ی-ر م-ں ج-ن- پ-ن- ک-ت- ہ-ں-‬ -------------------------------------- ‫کیا آم تھیٹر میں جانا پسند کرتے ہیں؟‬ 0
k-a -am t--a-re -ei--j-n--p--an---a--e--a-n? k__ a__ t______ m___ j___ p_____ k____ h____ k-a a-m t-e-t-e m-i- j-n- p-s-n- k-r-e h-i-? -------------------------------------------- kya aam theatre mein jana pasand karte hain?
Do you like to go to the opera? ‫--ا-آ- -و---ا-م---ج----پسن--ک--- ہ--؟‬ ‫___ آ_ ا_____ م__ ج___ پ___ ک___ ہ____ ‫-ی- آ- ا-پ-ر- م-ں ج-ن- پ-ن- ک-ت- ہ-ں-‬ --------------------------------------- ‫کیا آپ اوپیرا میں جانا پسند کرتے ہیں؟‬ 0
kya--ap--ein---n--p---n--k---e--a--? k__ a__ m___ j___ p_____ k____ h____ k-a a-p m-i- j-n- p-s-n- k-r-e h-i-? ------------------------------------ kya aap mein jana pasand karte hain?

Mother language? Father language!

As a child, from whom did you learn your language? For sure you'll say: From mother! Most people in the world think that. The term "mother language" exists in almost all nations. The English as well as the Chinese are familiar with it. Perhaps because mothers spend more time with the children. But recent studies have come to different results. They show that our language is mostly the language of our fathers. Researchers examined genetic material and languages of mixed tribes. In such tribes, the parents came from different cultures. These tribes originated thousands of years ago. Large migratory movements were the reason for this. The genetic material of these mixed tribes was genetically analyzed. Then it was compared to the language of the tribe. Most tribes speak the language of their male ancestors. That means, the language of the country comes from the Y chromosome. So men brought their language with them to foreign lands. And the women there then adopted the new language of the men. But even today, fathers have a great deal of influence on our language. Because when learning, babies are oriented toward the language of their father. Fathers speak considerably less with their children. The male sentence structure is also simpler than that of the female. As a result, the language of the father is better suited for babies. It doesn't overwhelm them and is easier to learn as a result. That is why children prefer to imitate "Dad" when speaking rather than "Mum". Later, the mother's vocabulary shapes the child's language. In this way, mothers influence our language as well as fathers. So it should be called parental language!
Did you know?
Italian is counted among the Romance languages. That means that it developed out of Latin. Italian is the native language of about 70 million people. The majority of those live in Italy. Italian is also understood in Slovenia and Croatia. The language traveled as far away as Africa through colonial politics. Even today, Italian is understood in Libya, Somalia, and Eritrea by many older people. Numerous emigrants also took the language with them to their new homeland. Most notably there are many Italian-language communities in South America. Often Italian has mixed in with Spanish in those areas and created new languages. The unusual thing about Italian is its many different dialects. Some experts even speak of individual languages. The orthography of Italian is not difficult; it follows the pronunciation. For many, Italian is the most beautiful language in the world! Perhaps because it is the language of music, design and good cuisine?