Phrasebook

en Around the house   »   es En la casa

17 [seventeen]

Around the house

Around the house

17 [diecisiete]

En la casa

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Our house is here. A--- e--nu--t-- casa. A--- e- n------ c---- A-u- e- n-e-t-a c-s-. --------------------- Aquí es nuestra casa.
The roof is on top. A---b---s-á -- t-jad-. A----- e--- e- t------ A-r-b- e-t- e- t-j-d-. ---------------------- Arriba está el tejado.
The basement is below. Ab-j--e-t-----sóta--. A---- e--- e- s------ A-a-o e-t- e- s-t-n-. --------------------- Abajo está el sótano.
There is a garden behind the house. Det-ás -e-l- --s- hay -- ----í-. D----- d- l- c--- h-- u- j------ D-t-á- d- l- c-s- h-y u- j-r-í-. -------------------------------- Detrás de la casa hay un jardín.
There is no street in front of the house. No -a- ninguna--al---f---te-- -- ---a. N- h-- n------ c---- f----- a l- c---- N- h-y n-n-u-a c-l-e f-e-t- a l- c-s-. -------------------------------------- No hay ninguna calle frente a la casa.
There are trees next to the house. Ha- á------ a- l--o-------ca--. H-- á------ a- l--- d- l- c---- H-y á-b-l-s a- l-d- d- l- c-s-. ------------------------------- Hay árboles al lado de la casa.
My apartment is here. Aq-í es------ap--t--en--. A--- e--- m- a----------- A-u- e-t- m- a-a-t-m-n-o- ------------------------- Aquí está mi apartamento.
The kitchen and bathroom are here. A-u--están l-----i-a y -- -añ-. A--- e---- l- c----- y e- b---- A-u- e-t-n l- c-c-n- y e- b-ñ-. ------------------------------- Aquí están la cocina y el baño.
The living room and bedroom are there. A-í-es-án-----a----e --ta- - e- d---ito-i-. A-- e---- l- s--- d- e---- y e- d---------- A-í e-t-n l- s-l- d- e-t-r y e- d-r-i-o-i-. ------------------------------------------- Ahí están la sala de estar y el dormitorio.
The front door is closed. La p--r----e-l- c-sa-e--á-cer---a. L- p----- d- l- c--- e--- c------- L- p-e-t- d- l- c-s- e-t- c-r-a-a- ---------------------------------- La puerta de la casa está cerrada.
But the windows are open. Per--las ------a- -st-n---ie---s. P--- l-- v------- e---- a-------- P-r- l-s v-n-a-a- e-t-n a-i-r-a-. --------------------------------- Pero las ventanas están abiertas.
It is hot today. Hac--ca-or---y. H--- c---- h--- H-c- c-l-r h-y- --------------- Hace calor hoy.
We are going to the living room. No----o----n-s-t-a- v-m-s-a-l- --l---- estar. N------- / n------- v---- a l- s--- d- e----- N-s-t-o- / n-s-t-a- v-m-s a l- s-l- d- e-t-r- --------------------------------------------- Nosotros / nosotras vamos a la sala de estar.
There is a sofa and an armchair there. H-y ----ofá - -- s-l-ón--ll-. H-- u- s--- y u- s----- a---- H-y u- s-f- y u- s-l-ó- a-l-. ----------------------------- Hay un sofá y un sillón allí.
Please, sit down! ¡Por f-vor- -i-nt--s-------nte--! ¡--- f----- s-------- / s-------- ¡-o- f-v-r- s-é-t-n-e / s-é-t-s-! --------------------------------- ¡Por favor, siéntense / siéntese!
My computer is there. Mi--r-e---o--/ c---utado-a-(---)--st--a-lá. M- o-------- / c---------- (---- e--- a---- M- o-d-n-d-r / c-m-u-a-o-a (-m-) e-t- a-l-. ------------------------------------------- Mi ordenador / computadora (am.) está allá.
My stereo is there. M--equ-p---- ---i---e--á--l-í. M- e----- d- s----- e--- a---- M- e-u-p- d- s-n-d- e-t- a-l-. ------------------------------ Mi equipo de sonido está allí.
The TV set is brand new. E- -el--is-r -s--o---eta---t--n-e--. E- t-------- e- c------------ n----- E- t-l-v-s-r e- c-m-l-t-m-n-e n-e-o- ------------------------------------ El televisor es completamente nuevo.

Words and vocabulary

Every language has its own vocabulary. This consists of a certain number of words. A word is an independent linguistic unit. Words always have a distinct meaning. This distinguishes them from sounds or syllables. The number of words is different in every language. English, for example, has many words. It's even known as the World Champion in the category of vocabulary. The English language supposedly has more than one million words today. The Oxford English Dictionary has more than 600,000 words in it. Chinese, Spanish and Russian have much fewer. The vocabulary of a language is also dependent on its history. English has been influenced by many other languages and cultures. As a result, the English vocabulary has increased considerably. But even today the English vocabulary continues to get larger. Experts estimate that 15 new words are added every day. These originate from new media more than anywhere else. Scientific terminology is not counted here. For chemical terminology alone contains thousands of words. Longer words are used less than shorter words in almost every language. And most speakers only use a few words. That is why we decide between active and passive vocabulary. Passive vocabulary contains words that we understand. But we use them seldom or not at all. Active vocabulary contains the words that we use on a regular basis. A few words suffice for simple conversations or texts. In English, you only need around 400 words and 40 verbs for that. So don't worry if your vocabulary is limited!
Did you know?
Hebrew is in the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is closely related to Arabic and Aramaic. Hebrew is the native language of 5 million people. Modern Hebrew is an artificially created language. It is based on long-extinct ancient Hebrew. The vocabulary and grammar were borrowed in part from other languages. In this way ancient Hebrew was deliberately converted into a modern standard language. This planned linguistic change is unique worldwide. The Hebrew semiotic system consists of a consonantal alphabet. That means that vowels are not written, as a rule. They do not have their own letters. Hebrew text is read from right to left. Its symbols go back to a 3000 year-old tradition. Whoever learns Hebrew learns a piece of cultural history at the same time. Give it a try!