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79 [seventy-nine]

Adjectives 2

Adjectives 2

79 [setenta y nueve]

Adjetivos 2

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I am wearing a blue dress. Ll--- p----- u- v------ a---. Llevo puesto un vestido azul.
I am wearing a red dress. Ll--- p----- u- v------ r---. Llevo puesto un vestido rojo.
I am wearing a green dress. Ll--- p----- u- v------ v----. Llevo puesto un vestido verde.
I’m buying a black bag. (M-) c----- u- b---- n----. (Me) compro un bolso negro.
I’m buying a brown bag. (M-) c----- u- b---- m-----. (Me) compro un bolso marrón.
I’m buying a white bag. (M-) c----- u- b---- b-----. (Me) compro un bolso blanco.
I need a new car. Ne------ u- c---- n----. Necesito un coche nuevo.
I need a fast car. Ne------ u- c---- r-----. Necesito un coche rápido.
I need a comfortable car. Ne------ u- c---- c-----. Necesito un coche cómodo.
An old lady lives at the top. Al-- a----- v--- u-- m---- v---- / m----. Allí arriba vive una mujer vieja / mayor.
A fat lady lives at the top. Al-- a----- v--- u-- m---- g----. Allí arriba vive una mujer gorda.
A curious lady lives below. Al-- a---- v--- u-- m---- c------. Allí abajo vive una mujer curiosa.
Our guests were nice people. Nu------ i-------- e--- g---- s--------. Nuestros invitados eran gente simpática.
Our guests were polite people. Nu------ i-------- e--- g---- a-----. Nuestros invitados eran gente amable.
Our guests were interesting people. Nu------ i-------- e--- g---- i----------. Nuestros invitados eran gente interesante.
I have lovely children. Mi- h---- s-- b-----. Mis hijos son buenos.
But the neighbours have naughty children. Pe-- l-- h---- d- l-- v------ s-- d---------. Pero los hijos de los vecinos son descarados.
Are your children well behaved? ¿S-- n---- s-- o---------? ¿Sus niños son obedientes?

One language, many varieties

Even if we only speak one language, we speak many languages. For no language is a self-contained system. Every language shows many different dimensions. Language is a living system. Speakers always orient themselves towards their conversation partners. Therefore, people vary the language they speak. These varieties appear in various forms. For example, every language has a history. It has changed and will continue to change. This can be recognized in the fact that old people speak differently than young people. There are also various dialects in most languages. However, many dialect speakers can adapt to their environment. In certain situations they speak the standard language. Different social groups have different languages. Youth language or hunter's jargon are examples of this. Most people speak differently at work than they do at home. Many also use a professional jargon at work. Differences also appear in spoken and written language. Spoken language is typically much simpler than written. The difference can be quite large. This is the case when written languages don't change for a long time. Speakers then must learn to use the language in written form first. The language of women and men is often different as well. This difference isn't that great in western societies. But there are countries in which women speak very differently from men. In some cultures, politeness has its own linguistic form. Speaking is therefore not at all so easy! We have to pay attention to many different things at the same time…