en Past tense 1   »   es Pretérito 1

81 [eighty-one]

Past tense 1

Past tense 1

81 [ochenta y uno]

Pretérito 1

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to write e---ibir e------- e-c-i-i- -------- escribir
He wrote a letter. Él e------- u-- -a-t-. É- e------- u-- c----- É- e-c-i-i- u-a c-r-a- ---------------------- Él escribió una carta.
And she wrote a card. Y ell- e--r---ó-una po--al. Y e--- e------- u-- p------ Y e-l- e-c-i-i- u-a p-s-a-. --------------------------- Y ella escribió una postal.
to read le-r l--- l-e- ---- leer
He read a magazine. Él-leyó un---e---t-. É- l--- u-- r------- É- l-y- u-a r-v-s-a- -------------------- Él leyó una revista.
And she read a book. Y -l---le----n l----. Y e--- l--- u- l----- Y e-l- l-y- u- l-b-o- --------------------- Y ella leyó un libro.
to take co--r / ----r,-ag-r-a- -a-.) c---- / t----- a------ (---- c-g-r / t-m-r- a-a-r-r (-m-) ---------------------------- coger / tomar, agarrar (am.)
He took a cigarette. Él c-gió un -i--r---lo. É- c---- u- c---------- É- c-g-ó u- c-g-r-i-l-. ----------------------- Él cogió un cigarrillo.
She took a piece of chocolate. Ella-c-gi- -n--ro-o ---c---ola--. E--- c---- u- t---- d- c--------- E-l- c-g-ó u- t-o-o d- c-o-o-a-e- --------------------------------- Ella cogió un trozo de chocolate.
He was disloyal, but she was loyal. É--er- i--i-l--pe---e--- era -i-l. É- e-- i------ p--- e--- e-- f---- É- e-a i-f-e-, p-r- e-l- e-a f-e-. ---------------------------------- Él era infiel, pero ella era fiel.
He was lazy, but she was hard-working. É--era u- holg--á-- -er--ell- --- tr-b----o--. É- e-- u- h-------- p--- e--- e-- t----------- É- e-a u- h-l-a-á-, p-r- e-l- e-a t-a-a-a-o-a- ---------------------------------------------- Él era un holgazán, pero ella era trabajadora.
He was poor, but she was rich. Él-era-----e,------e------a -ica. É- e-- p----- p--- e--- e-- r---- É- e-a p-b-e- p-r- e-l- e-a r-c-. --------------------------------- Él era pobre, pero ella era rica.
He had no money, only debts. Él no--e-í---i-ero--s--o-d-u-as. É- n- t---- d------ s--- d------ É- n- t-n-a d-n-r-, s-n- d-u-a-. -------------------------------- Él no tenía dinero, sino deudas.
He had no luck, only bad luck. É---o-t-n-a--u--- suer--,-sin--m-l- su-rt-. É- n- t---- b---- s------ s--- m--- s------ É- n- t-n-a b-e-a s-e-t-, s-n- m-l- s-e-t-. ------------------------------------------- Él no tenía buena suerte, sino mala suerte.
He had no success, only failure. É--n- -en-a -xit-s,-si-o-fr-ca---. É- n- t---- é------ s--- f-------- É- n- t-n-a é-i-o-, s-n- f-a-a-o-. ---------------------------------- Él no tenía éxitos, sino fracasos.
He was not satisfied, but dissatisfied. Él-no-estab----tisf-ch---s----ins-t-s-ec-o. É- n- e----- s---------- s--- i------------ É- n- e-t-b- s-t-s-e-h-, s-n- i-s-t-s-e-h-. ------------------------------------------- Él no estaba satisfecho, sino insatisfecho.
He was not happy, but sad. Él ---er--feli-, s--o--nfe-i-. É- n- e-- f----- s--- i------- É- n- e-a f-l-z- s-n- i-f-l-z- ------------------------------ Él no era feliz, sino infeliz.
He was not friendly, but unfriendly. Él no--r--sim-ático--s--- a-t-p---c-. É- n- e-- s--------- s--- a---------- É- n- e-a s-m-á-i-o- s-n- a-t-p-t-c-. ------------------------------------- Él no era simpático, sino antipático.

How children learn to speak properly

As soon as a person is born, he communicates with others. Babies cry when they want something. They can already say a few simple words at a few months of age. With two years, they can say sentences of about three words. You can't influence when children begin to speak. But you can influence how well children learn their native language! For that, however, you have to consider a few things. Above all, it's important that the child is always motivated when learning. He must recognize that he's succeeding in something when he speaks. Babies like a smile as positive feedback. Older children look for dialogue with their environment. They orient themselves towards the language of the people around them. Therefore the language skills of their parents and educators are important. Children must also learn that language is valuable! However, they should always have fun in the process. Reading aloud to them shows children how exciting language can be. Parents should also do as much as possible with their child. When a child experiences many things, he wants to talk about them. Children growing up bilingual need firm rules. They have to know which language should be spoken with whom. This way their brain can learn to differentiate between the two languages. When children start going to school, their language changes. They learn a new colloquial language. Then it's important that the parents pay attention to how their child speaks. Studies show that the first language is stamped on the brain forever. What we learn as children accompanies us for the rest of our lives. He who learns his native language properly as a child will profit from it later. He learns new things faster and better – not only foreign languages…