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36 [thirty-six]

Public transportation

Public transportation

36 [treinta y seis]

Transporte Público

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Where is the bus stop? ¿D--d----tá-la -ara-- del a----ús? ¿----- e--- l- p----- d-- a------- ¿-ó-d- e-t- l- p-r-d- d-l a-t-b-s- ---------------------------------- ¿Dónde está la parada del autobús?
Which bus goes to the city centre / center (am.)? ¿-ué---t-b-- ---a- c---r-? ¿--- a------ v- a- c------ ¿-u- a-t-b-s v- a- c-n-r-? -------------------------- ¿Qué autobús va al centro?
Which bus do I have to take? ¿Q-é-l---- --ng--------g-r? ¿--- l---- t---- q-- c----- ¿-u- l-n-a t-n-o q-e c-g-r- --------------------------- ¿Qué línea tengo que coger?
Do I have to change? ¿D-bo--a--r t-a-bo--o-- c-m---r -------bú-? ¿---- h---- t-------- / c------ d- a------- ¿-e-o h-c-r t-a-b-r-o / c-m-i-r d- a-t-b-s- ------------------------------------------- ¿Debo hacer trasbordo / cambiar de autobús?
Where do I have to change? ¿-ónd- de-o--a-er---a----d- ----m-iar? ¿----- d--- h---- t-------- / c------- ¿-ó-d- d-b- h-c-r t-a-b-r-o / c-m-i-r- -------------------------------------- ¿Dónde debo hacer trasbordo / cambiar?
How much does a ticket cost? ¿--ánt-----e----billete? ¿------ v--- u- b------- ¿-u-n-o v-l- u- b-l-e-e- ------------------------ ¿Cuánto vale un billete?
How many stops are there before downtown / the city centre? ¿C-á-tas -arad-s-ha- --s-a el -ent--? ¿------- p------ h-- h---- e- c------ ¿-u-n-a- p-r-d-s h-y h-s-a e- c-n-r-? ------------------------------------- ¿Cuántas paradas hay hasta el centro?
You have to get off here. Tie-- (-s-ed- -u- b--a- --u-. T---- (------ q-- b---- a---- T-e-e (-s-e-) q-e b-j-r a-u-. ----------------------------- Tiene (usted) que bajar aquí.
You have to get off at the back. Ti--e (-sted- qu----jar p----etr-s. T---- (------ q-- b---- p-- d------ T-e-e (-s-e-) q-e b-j-r p-r d-t-á-. ----------------------------------- Tiene (usted) que bajar por detrás.
The next train is in 5 minutes. E- pr-x-m- --tro-p--- dent-- d- --min-to-. E- p------ m---- p--- d----- d- 5 m------- E- p-ó-i-o m-t-o p-s- d-n-r- d- 5 m-n-t-s- ------------------------------------------ El próximo metro pasa dentro de 5 minutos.
The next tram is in 10 minutes. El----x-m----a-vía--asa d----- d- 1--minut--. E- p------ t------ p--- d----- d- 1- m------- E- p-ó-i-o t-a-v-a p-s- d-n-r- d- 1- m-n-t-s- --------------------------------------------- El próximo tranvía pasa dentro de 10 minutos.
The next bus is in 15 minutes. E- pró---- -uto--s-pasa ---t-o-de 15-----t--. E- p------ a------ p--- d----- d- 1- m------- E- p-ó-i-o a-t-b-s p-s- d-n-r- d- 1- m-n-t-s- --------------------------------------------- El próximo autobús pasa dentro de 15 minutos.
When is the last train? ¿A q-- hora--as- e-----imo -et-o? ¿- q-- h--- p--- e- ú----- m----- ¿- q-é h-r- p-s- e- ú-t-m- m-t-o- --------------------------------- ¿A qué hora pasa el último metro?
When is the last tram? ¿A --é-h-r------ -l úl--m- t--nv-a? ¿- q-- h--- p--- e- ú----- t------- ¿- q-é h-r- p-s- e- ú-t-m- t-a-v-a- ----------------------------------- ¿A qué hora pasa el último tranvía?
When is the last bus? ¿A--ué h-ra--as- e- últi-o a-to-ús? ¿- q-- h--- p--- e- ú----- a------- ¿- q-é h-r- p-s- e- ú-t-m- a-t-b-s- ----------------------------------- ¿A qué hora pasa el último autobús?
Do you have a ticket? ¿---ne-(uste---b-lle--? ¿----- (------ b------- ¿-i-n- (-s-e-) b-l-e-e- ----------------------- ¿Tiene (usted) billete?
A ticket? – No, I don’t have one. ¿-il-ete--– --, -- t-n-o -----te. ¿-------- – N-- n- t---- b------- ¿-i-l-t-? – N-, n- t-n-o b-l-e-e- --------------------------------- ¿Billete? – No, no tengo billete.
Then you have to pay a fine. Pu-- t-nd-á-(u-te-- q---pa--r-una -----. P--- t----- (------ q-- p---- u-- m----- P-e- t-n-r- (-s-e-) q-e p-g-r u-a m-l-a- ---------------------------------------- Pues tendrá (usted) que pagar una multa.

The development of language

Why we speak with each other is clear. We want to exchange ideas and understand each other. How exactly language originated, on the other hand, is less clear. Various theories exist about this. What's certain is that language is a very old phenomenon. Certain physical traits were a prerequisite for speaking. They were necessary in order for us to form sounds. People as far back as the Neanderthals had the ability to apply their voice. In this way, they could distinguish themselves from animals. Additionally, a loud, firm voice was important for defense. A person could threaten or frighten enemies with it. Back then, tools had already been made and fire had been discovered. This knowledge had to be passed along somehow. Speech was also important for hunting in groups. As early as 2 million years ago there was a simple understanding among people. The first linguistic elements were signs and gestures. But people wanted to be able to communicate in the dark too. More importantly, they also had the need to talk to each other without looking. Therefore, the voice developed, and it replaced the gestures. Language in today's sense is at least 50,000 years old. When Homo sapiens left Africa, they distributed language around the world. The languages separated from each other in the different regions. That is to say, various language families came into being. However, they only contained the fundamentals of language systems. The first languages were much less complex than languages today. They were further developed through grammar, phonology and semantics. It could be said that different languages have different solutions. But the problem was always the same: How do I show what I'm thinking?
Did you know?
Brazilian Portuguese is counted among the Romance languages. It arose from European Portuguese. It travelled as far as South America long ago through Portugal's colonial politics. Today Brazil is the largest Portuguese-speaking nation in the world. Approximately 190 million people speak Brazilian Portuguese as their native language. The language has great influence in other South American countries too. There is even a hybrid language that contains Portuguese and Spanish. Earlier, Brazil tended to use European Portuguese. Starting in the 1930s, a new awareness awakened within Brazilian culture. Brazilians were proud of their language and wanted to accentuate its peculiarities. There were, however, repeated efforts to keep the two languages together. For example, an agreement has since been made over a common orthography. Today the biggest difference between the two forms is in the pronunciation. The Brazilian vocabulary also contains a few "Indianisms" that are absent in Europe. Discover this exciting language - it is one of the most important in the world!