en Around the house   »   cs V dome

17 [seventeen]

Around the house

Around the house

17 [sedmnáct]

V dome

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Our house is here. Tot---e-n---dů-. Toto je náš dům. T-t- j- n-š d-m- ---------------- Toto je náš dům. 0
The roof is on top. N-h-----e stř-ch-. Nahoře je střecha. N-h-ř- j- s-ř-c-a- ------------------ Nahoře je střecha. 0
The basement is below. Dole je ----p. Dole je sklep. D-l- j- s-l-p- -------------- Dole je sklep. 0
There is a garden behind the house. Z- d------e -ah---a. Za domem je zahrada. Z- d-m-m j- z-h-a-a- -------------------- Za domem je zahrada. 0
There is no street in front of the house. P-e- d--em-ne-e---ž---á -----. Před domem nevede žádná cesta. P-e- d-m-m n-v-d- ž-d-á c-s-a- ------------------------------ Před domem nevede žádná cesta. 0
There are trees next to the house. V-dl---om--j--u--tro--. Vedle domu jsou stromy. V-d-e d-m- j-o- s-r-m-. ----------------------- Vedle domu jsou stromy. 0
My apartment is here. Tot- j--mů- byt. Toto je můj byt. T-t- j- m-j b-t- ---------------- Toto je můj byt. 0
The kitchen and bathroom are here. Ta-- -e --chyně-- -ou----a. Tady je kuchyně a koupelna. T-d- j- k-c-y-ě a k-u-e-n-. --------------------------- Tady je kuchyně a koupelna. 0
The living room and bedroom are there. Tam-j- -býv-k-a-lo-ni-e. Tam je obývák a ložnice. T-m j- o-ý-á- a l-ž-i-e- ------------------------ Tam je obývák a ložnice. 0
The front door is closed. Dom---í ---ř- -s---zav--n-. Domovní dveře jsou zavřené. D-m-v-í d-e-e j-o- z-v-e-é- --------------------------- Domovní dveře jsou zavřené. 0
But the windows are open. Al---kn- jsou --e-ř-ná. Ale okna jsou otevřená. A-e o-n- j-o- o-e-ř-n-. ----------------------- Ale okna jsou otevřená. 0
It is hot today. Dne---e ho---. Dnes je horko. D-e- j- h-r-o- -------------- Dnes je horko. 0
We are going to the living room. J-em---o o-ý----. Jdeme do obýváku. J-e-e d- o-ý-á-u- ----------------- Jdeme do obýváku. 0
There is a sofa and an armchair there. J----m-poh---a-a-křes-o. Je tam pohovka a křeslo. J- t-m p-h-v-a a k-e-l-. ------------------------ Je tam pohovka a křeslo. 0
Please, sit down! Po--ď-e --! Posaďte se! P-s-ď-e s-! ----------- Posaďte se! 0
My computer is there. T-- s--j- m-j p----ač. Tam stojí můj počítač. T-m s-o-í m-j p-č-t-č- ---------------------- Tam stojí můj počítač. 0
My stereo is there. Tam ------moj- ---r-- v--. Tam stojí moje stereo věž. T-m s-o-í m-j- s-e-e- v-ž- -------------------------- Tam stojí moje stereo věž. 0
The TV set is brand new. Ta-t-l-vi-e--e-----ě-n---. Ta televize je úplně nová. T- t-l-v-z- j- ú-l-ě n-v-. -------------------------- Ta televize je úplně nová. 0

Words and vocabulary

Every language has its own vocabulary. This consists of a certain number of words. A word is an independent linguistic unit. Words always have a distinct meaning. This distinguishes them from sounds or syllables. The number of words is different in every language. English, for example, has many words. It's even known as the World Champion in the category of vocabulary. The English language supposedly has more than one million words today. The Oxford English Dictionary has more than 600,000 words in it. Chinese, Spanish and Russian have much fewer. The vocabulary of a language is also dependent on its history. English has been influenced by many other languages and cultures. As a result, the English vocabulary has increased considerably. But even today the English vocabulary continues to get larger. Experts estimate that 15 new words are added every day. These originate from new media more than anywhere else. Scientific terminology is not counted here. For chemical terminology alone contains thousands of words. Longer words are used less than shorter words in almost every language. And most speakers only use a few words. That is why we decide between active and passive vocabulary. Passive vocabulary contains words that we understand. But we use them seldom or not at all. Active vocabulary contains the words that we use on a regular basis. A few words suffice for simple conversations or texts. In English, you only need around 400 words and 40 verbs for that. So don't worry if your vocabulary is limited!
Did you know?
Hebrew is in the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is closely related to Arabic and Aramaic. Hebrew is the native language of 5 million people. Modern Hebrew is an artificially created language. It is based on long-extinct ancient Hebrew. The vocabulary and grammar were borrowed in part from other languages. In this way ancient Hebrew was deliberately converted into a modern standard language. This planned linguistic change is unique worldwide. The Hebrew semiotic system consists of a consonantal alphabet. That means that vowels are not written, as a rule. They do not have their own letters. Hebrew text is read from right to left. Its symbols go back to a 3000 year-old tradition. Whoever learns Hebrew learns a piece of cultural history at the same time. Give it a try!