en Small Talk 1   »   pl Mini-rozmówki 1

20 [twenty]

Small Talk 1

Small Talk 1

20 [dwadzieścia]

Mini-rozmówki 1

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Make yourself comfortable! P-os---s-ę -ozg-ści-! P_____ s__ r_________ P-o-z- s-ę r-z-o-c-ć- --------------------- Proszę się rozgościć! 0
Please, feel right at home! P-o--- --u- si- -a--u s----e-w-d---! P_____ c___ s__ j__ u s_____ w d____ P-o-z- c-u- s-ę j-k u s-e-i- w d-m-! ------------------------------------ Proszę czuć się jak u siebie w domu! 0
What would you like to drink? C-e---s-- pa--- pa-i na-i-e? C____ s__ p__ / p___ n______ C-e-o s-ę p-n / p-n- n-p-j-? ---------------------------- Czego się pan / pani napije? 0
Do you like music? Lu---p-n - p-ni m-z-kę? L___ p__ / p___ m______ L-b- p-n / p-n- m-z-k-? ----------------------- Lubi pan / pani muzykę? 0
I like classical music. Lub-ę-m-zykę klasyc--ą. L____ m_____ k_________ L-b-ę m-z-k- k-a-y-z-ą- ----------------------- Lubię muzykę klasyczną. 0
These are my CD’s. Tu-są --je -łyty. T_ s_ m___ p_____ T- s- m-j- p-y-y- ----------------- Tu są moje płyty. 0
Do you play a musical instrument? Gra p---- pa---n--j--im---n-t---e--i-? G__ p__ / p___ n_ j_____ i____________ G-a p-n / p-n- n- j-k-m- i-s-r-m-n-i-? -------------------------------------- Gra pan / pani na jakimś instrumencie? 0
This is my guitar. To-j-st--oja---tar-. T_ j___ m___ g______ T- j-s- m-j- g-t-r-. -------------------- To jest moja gitara. 0
Do you like to sing? Lu-- p---/ -ani śpi--a-? L___ p__ / p___ ś_______ L-b- p-n / p-n- ś-i-w-ć- ------------------------ Lubi pan / pani śpiewać? 0
Do you have children? M--p-- / pani d-i--i? M_ p__ / p___ d______ M- p-n / p-n- d-i-c-? --------------------- Ma pan / pani dzieci? 0
Do you have a dog? M- --n-/ -an--p--? M_ p__ / p___ p___ M- p-n / p-n- p-a- ------------------ Ma pan / pani psa? 0
Do you have a cat? Ma-pa----pani-ko--? M_ p__ / p___ k____ M- p-n / p-n- k-t-? ------------------- Ma pan / pani kota? 0
These are my books. T---ą moje-k---żk-. T_ s_ m___ k_______ T- s- m-j- k-i-ż-i- ------------------- To są moje książki. 0
I am currently reading this book. W--ś--------a- t--ks-ążk-. W______ c_____ t_ k_______ W-a-n-e c-y-a- t- k-i-ż-ę- -------------------------- Właśnie czytam tę książkę. 0
What do you like to read? L-b- --- / pan- -zy-a-? L___ p__ / p___ c______ L-b- p-n / p-n- c-y-a-? ----------------------- Lubi pan / pani czytać? 0
Do you like to go to concerts? Lub- -a- /--ani-cho-zi---a ---ce-ty? L___ p__ / p___ c______ n_ k________ L-b- p-n / p-n- c-o-z-ć n- k-n-e-t-? ------------------------------------ Lubi pan / pani chodzić na koncerty? 0
Do you like to go to the theatre / theater (am.)? Lubi-pa- - -a-- --od-ić do -e-tru? L___ p__ / p___ c______ d_ t______ L-b- p-n / p-n- c-o-z-ć d- t-a-r-? ---------------------------------- Lubi pan / pani chodzić do teatru? 0
Do you like to go to the opera? L--i--a-----a-i -ho-z-- -o-ope--? L___ p__ / p___ c______ d_ o_____ L-b- p-n / p-n- c-o-z-ć d- o-e-y- --------------------------------- Lubi pan / pani chodzić do opery? 0

Mother language? Father language!

As a child, from whom did you learn your language? For sure you'll say: From mother! Most people in the world think that. The term ‘mother language’ exists in almost all nations. The English as well as the Chinese are familiar with it. Perhaps because mothers spend more time with the children. But recent studies have come to different results. They show that our language is mostly the language of our fathers. Researchers examined genetic material and languages of mixed tribes. In such tribes, the parents came from different cultures. These tribes originated thousands of years ago. Large migratory movements were the reason for this. The genetic material of these mixed tribes was genetically analyzed. Then it was compared to the language of the tribe. Most tribes speak the language of their male ancestors. That means, the language of the country comes from the Y chromosome. So men brought their language with them to foreign lands. And the women there then adopted the new language of the men. But even today, fathers have a great deal of influence on our language. Because when learning, babies are oriented toward the language of their father. Fathers speak considerably less with their children. The male sentence structure is also simpler than that of the female. As a result, the language of the father is better suited for babies. It doesn't overwhelm them and is easier to learn as a result. That is why children prefer to imitate ‘Dad’ when speaking rather than ‘Mum’. Later, the mother's vocabulary shapes the child's language. In this way, mothers influence our language as well as fathers. So it should be called parental language!
Did you know?
Italian is counted among the Romance languages. That means that it developed out of Latin. Italian is the native language of about 70 million people. The majority of those live in Italy. Italian is also understood in Slovenia and Croatia. The language travelled as far away as Africa through colonial politics. Even today, Italian is understood in Libya, Somalia, and Eritrea by many older people. Numerous emigrants also took the language with them to their new homeland. Most notably there are many Italian-language communities in South America. Often Italian has mixed in with Spanish in those areas and created new languages. The unusual thing about Italian is its many different dialects. Some experts even speak of individual languages. The orthography of Italian is not difficult; it follows the pronunciation. For many, Italian is the most beautiful language in the world! Perhaps because it is the language of music, design and good cuisine?