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20 [twenty]

Small Talk 1

Small Talk 1

20 [είκοσι]

20 [eíkosi]

Κουβεντούλα 1

[Koubentoúla 1]

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Make yourself comfortable! Βολε--ε--ε! Β__________ Β-λ-υ-ε-τ-! ----------- Βολευτείτε! 0
Bo--ut--t-! B__________ B-l-u-e-t-! ----------- Boleuteíte!
Please, feel right at home! Σα--στ- --ίτι σ--. Σ__ σ__ σ____ σ___ Σ-ν σ-ο σ-ί-ι σ-ς- ------------------ Σαν στο σπίτι σας. 0
Sa----- -p--i -as. S__ s__ s____ s___ S-n s-o s-í-i s-s- ------------------ San sto spíti sas.
What would you like to drink? Τ- θ--θέλ-τε-----ι---ε; Τ_ θ_ θ_____ ν_ π______ Τ- θ- θ-λ-τ- ν- π-ε-τ-; ----------------------- Τι θα θέλατε να πιείτε; 0
T---h- thélat--na p---te? T_ t__ t______ n_ p______ T- t-a t-é-a-e n- p-e-t-? ------------------------- Ti tha thélate na pieíte?
Do you like music? Αγ--ά-ε -- μουσ-κή; Α______ τ_ μ_______ Α-α-ά-ε τ- μ-υ-ι-ή- ------------------- Αγαπάτε τη μουσική; 0
Aga-áte t--mo-----? A______ t_ m_______ A-a-á-e t- m-u-i-ḗ- ------------------- Agapáte tē mousikḗ?
I like classical music. Μ-- αρέσε--- -λ-σι-----υ-ικ-. Μ__ α_____ η κ______ μ_______ Μ-υ α-έ-ε- η κ-α-ι-ή μ-υ-ι-ή- ----------------------------- Μου αρέσει η κλασική μουσική. 0
Mou --é------kla-ikḗ-mo-s--ḗ. M__ a_____ ē k______ m_______ M-u a-é-e- ē k-a-i-ḗ m-u-i-ḗ- ----------------------------- Mou arései ē klasikḗ mousikḗ.
These are my CD’s. Ε-ώ--ί-α------- μ--. Ε__ ε____ τ_ C_ μ___ Ε-ώ ε-ν-ι τ- C- μ-υ- -------------------- Εδώ είναι τα CD μου. 0
E-ṓ e--ai t---- mo-. E__ e____ t_ C_ m___ E-ṓ e-n-i t- C- m-u- -------------------- Edṓ eínai ta CD mou.
Do you play a musical instrument? Π-ί-ετ- -ά--ιο --γα--; Π______ κ_____ ό______ Π-ί-ε-ε κ-π-ι- ό-γ-ν-; ---------------------- Παίζετε κάποιο όργανο; 0
P-í--t-------o--r--n-? P______ k_____ ó______ P-í-e-e k-p-i- ó-g-n-? ---------------------- Paízete kápoio órgano?
This is my guitar. Ε-ώ-εί-αι - -ι-ά-- μ--. Ε__ ε____ η κ_____ μ___ Ε-ώ ε-ν-ι η κ-θ-ρ- μ-υ- ----------------------- Εδώ είναι η κιθάρα μου. 0
Ed- ---ai - ---hára-mo-. E__ e____ ē k______ m___ E-ṓ e-n-i ē k-t-á-a m-u- ------------------------ Edṓ eínai ē kithára mou.
Do you like to sing? Σ---αρέσ-------ρ--ο-δά--; Σ__ α_____ ν_ τ__________ Σ-ς α-έ-ε- ν- τ-α-ο-δ-τ-; ------------------------- Σας αρέσει να τραγουδάτε; 0
Sa- a--s----a-t-a-o-d---? S__ a_____ n_ t__________ S-s a-é-e- n- t-a-o-d-t-? ------------------------- Sas arései na tragoudáte?
Do you have children? Έ-ε-ε-παιδιά; Έ____ π______ Έ-ε-ε π-ι-ι-; ------------- Έχετε παιδιά; 0
Éc--t--p--di-? É_____ p______ É-h-t- p-i-i-? -------------- Échete paidiá?
Do you have a dog? Έ---ε----λο; Έ____ σ_____ Έ-ε-ε σ-ύ-ο- ------------ Έχετε σκύλο; 0
Éc---e-s-ýl-? É_____ s_____ É-h-t- s-ý-o- ------------- Échete skýlo?
Do you have a cat? Έ-ετε-γάτα; Έ____ γ____ Έ-ε-ε γ-τ-; ----------- Έχετε γάτα; 0
Éc--t--gá--? É_____ g____ É-h-t- g-t-? ------------ Échete gáta?
These are my books. Εδ-----α-----β-βλία-μ--. Ε__ ε____ τ_ β_____ μ___ Ε-ώ ε-ν-ι τ- β-β-ί- μ-υ- ------------------------ Εδώ είναι τα βιβλία μου. 0
E-ṓ--ín-i-ta--iblí--m--. E__ e____ t_ b_____ m___ E-ṓ e-n-i t- b-b-í- m-u- ------------------------ Edṓ eínai ta biblía mou.
I am currently reading this book. Τ--α -ι---------ό ----ι--ίο. Τ___ δ______ α___ τ_ β______ Τ-ρ- δ-α-ά-ω α-τ- τ- β-β-ί-. ---------------------------- Τώρα διαβάζω αυτό το βιβλίο. 0
T-----iabáz- -u----o bib-ío. T___ d______ a___ t_ b______ T-r- d-a-á-ō a-t- t- b-b-í-. ---------------------------- Tṓra diabázō autó to biblío.
What do you like to read? Τ----ς-α-έ-ει-ν- --α--ζ-τ-; Τ_ σ__ α_____ ν_ δ_________ Τ- σ-ς α-έ-ε- ν- δ-α-ά-ε-ε- --------------------------- Τι σας αρέσει να διαβάζετε; 0
Ti--as --és-i--a d-abá--t-? T_ s__ a_____ n_ d_________ T- s-s a-é-e- n- d-a-á-e-e- --------------------------- Ti sas arései na diabázete?
Do you like to go to concerts? Σ-ς α-έσ----α π-γ----τ---ε συναυλί-ς; Σ__ α_____ ν_ π________ σ_ σ_________ Σ-ς α-έ-ε- ν- π-γ-ί-ε-ε σ- σ-ν-υ-ί-ς- ------------------------------------- Σας αρέσει να πηγαίνετε σε συναυλίες; 0
Sa- -ré--i na p-ga---t- -- -y----í-s? S__ a_____ n_ p________ s_ s_________ S-s a-é-e- n- p-g-í-e-e s- s-n-u-í-s- ------------------------------------- Sas arései na pēgaínete se synaulíes?
Do you like to go to the theatre / theater (am.)? Σ-ς-α----ι ν- -η---ν-τ- -το θ---ρ-; Σ__ α_____ ν_ π________ σ__ θ______ Σ-ς α-έ-ε- ν- π-γ-ί-ε-ε σ-ο θ-α-ρ-; ----------------------------------- Σας αρέσει να πηγαίνετε στο θέατρο; 0
Sas-a--se--na -ēg-ín-----t----é-tro? S__ a_____ n_ p________ s__ t_______ S-s a-é-e- n- p-g-í-e-e s-o t-é-t-o- ------------------------------------ Sas arései na pēgaínete sto théatro?
Do you like to go to the opera? Σ-- αρέ-ε-------γαίν-τε----- -περα; Σ__ α_____ ν_ π________ σ___ ό_____ Σ-ς α-έ-ε- ν- π-γ-ί-ε-ε σ-η- ό-ε-α- ----------------------------------- Σας αρέσει να πηγαίνετε στην όπερα; 0
Sa--arés-- ---p-ga--e-- ------p--a? S__ a_____ n_ p________ s___ ó_____ S-s a-é-e- n- p-g-í-e-e s-ē- ó-e-a- ----------------------------------- Sas arései na pēgaínete stēn ópera?

Mother language? Father language!

As a child, from whom did you learn your language? For sure you'll say: From mother! Most people in the world think that. The term ‘mother language’ exists in almost all nations. The English as well as the Chinese are familiar with it. Perhaps because mothers spend more time with the children. But recent studies have come to different results. They show that our language is mostly the language of our fathers. Researchers examined genetic material and languages of mixed tribes. In such tribes, the parents came from different cultures. These tribes originated thousands of years ago. Large migratory movements were the reason for this. The genetic material of these mixed tribes was genetically analyzed. Then it was compared to the language of the tribe. Most tribes speak the language of their male ancestors. That means, the language of the country comes from the Y chromosome. So men brought their language with them to foreign lands. And the women there then adopted the new language of the men. But even today, fathers have a great deal of influence on our language. Because when learning, babies are oriented toward the language of their father. Fathers speak considerably less with their children. The male sentence structure is also simpler than that of the female. As a result, the language of the father is better suited for babies. It doesn't overwhelm them and is easier to learn as a result. That is why children prefer to imitate ‘Dad’ when speaking rather than ‘Mum’. Later, the mother's vocabulary shapes the child's language. In this way, mothers influence our language as well as fathers. So it should be called parental language!
Did you know?
Italian is counted among the Romance languages. That means that it developed out of Latin. Italian is the native language of about 70 million people. The majority of those live in Italy. Italian is also understood in Slovenia and Croatia. The language travelled as far away as Africa through colonial politics. Even today, Italian is understood in Libya, Somalia, and Eritrea by many older people. Numerous emigrants also took the language with them to their new homeland. Most notably there are many Italian-language communities in South America. Often Italian has mixed in with Spanish in those areas and created new languages. The unusual thing about Italian is its many different dialects. Some experts even speak of individual languages. The orthography of Italian is not difficult; it follows the pronunciation. For many, Italian is the most beautiful language in the world! Perhaps because it is the language of music, design and good cuisine?