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20 [twenty]

Small Talk 1

Small Talk 1

‫20 [עשרים]‬

20 [essrim]

‫שיחת חולין 1‬

[ssixat xulin 1]

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Make yourself comfortable! ‫----ש-/ י --ו-!‬ ‫_____ / י ב_____ ‫-ר-י- / י ב-ו-!- ----------------- ‫תרגיש / י בנוח!‬ 0
t-rgis-/t-rgi----b'no-x! t_______________ b______ t-r-i-h-t-r-i-h- b-n-a-! ------------------------ targish/targishi b'noax!
Please, feel right at home! ‫--ג---/ - כ-ו-ב-י-!‬ ‫_____ / י כ__ ב_____ ‫-ר-י- / י כ-ו ב-י-!- --------------------- ‫תרגיש / י כמו בבית!‬ 0
targ--h/targ---- -'-o---b-i-! t_______________ k___ b______ t-r-i-h-t-r-i-h- k-m- b-b-i-! ----------------------------- targish/targishi k'mo babait!
What would you like to drink? ‫-ה -ר-ה-- - ל--ו--‬ ‫__ ת___ / י ל______ ‫-ה ת-צ- / י ל-ת-ת-‬ -------------------- ‫מה תרצה / י לשתות?‬ 0
m----irtse---irt-i-l-s----? m__ t_____________ l_______ m-h t-r-s-h-t-r-s- l-s-t-t- --------------------------- mah tirtseh/tirtsi lishtot?
Do you like music? ‫---- ----ה----ת-מ--י--?‬ ‫__ / ה א___ / ת מ_______ ‫-ת / ה א-ה- / ת מ-ס-ק-?- ------------------------- ‫את / ה אוהב / ת מוסיקה?‬ 0
ata-/-- o--v--heve- ---iqah? a______ o__________ m_______ a-a-/-t o-e-/-h-v-t m-s-q-h- ---------------------------- atah/at ohev/ohevet musiqah?
I like classical music. ‫אנ--אוה- --ת -ו-י-- קלאס-ת.‬ ‫___ א___ / ת מ_____ ק_______ ‫-נ- א-ה- / ת מ-ס-ק- ק-א-י-.- ----------------------------- ‫אני אוהב / ת מוסיקה קלאסית.‬ 0
a-i oh---o-e--- m---q-h-q---s-t. a__ o__________ m______ q_______ a-i o-e-/-h-v-t m-s-q-h q-a-s-t- -------------------------------- ani ohev/ohevet musiqah qla'sit.
These are my CD’s. ‫--ה--תקליטו----של--‬ ‫___ ה_________ ש____ ‫-ל- ה-ק-י-ו-י- ש-י-‬ --------------------- ‫אלה התקליטורים שלי.‬ 0
el-h h--a-l-t-ri----e--. e___ h___________ s_____ e-e- h-t-q-i-o-i- s-e-i- ------------------------ eleh hataqlitorim sheli.
Do you play a musical instrument? ‫א--/-ה--נ------ -כ-י -גינה?‬ ‫__ / ה מ___ / ת ב___ נ______ ‫-ת / ה מ-ג- / ת ב-ל- נ-י-ה-‬ ----------------------------- ‫את / ה מנגן / ת בכלי נגינה?‬ 0
at-h-a--m---g-n-men--enet-b---i----i--h? a______ m________________ b____ n_______ a-a-/-t m-n-g-n-m-n-g-n-t b-k-i n-g-n-h- ---------------------------------------- atah/at menagen/menagenet bikli neginah?
This is my guitar. ‫ז---ג--ר- ש-י.‬ ‫__ ה_____ ש____ ‫-ו ה-י-ר- ש-י-‬ ---------------- ‫זו הגיטרה שלי.‬ 0
z- -a-i---ah-shel-. z_ h________ s_____ z- h-g-t-r-h s-e-i- ------------------- zo hagitarah sheli.
Do you like to sing? ‫את - - אוה- ------יר?‬ ‫__ / ה א___ / ת ל_____ ‫-ת / ה א-ה- / ת ל-י-?- ----------------------- ‫את / ה אוהב / ת לשיר?‬ 0
a-----t o-ev-oh-vet -----r? a______ o__________ l______ a-a-/-t o-e-/-h-v-t l-s-i-? --------------------------- atah/at ohev/ohevet lashir?
Do you have children? ‫------י-ד-ם-‬ ‫__ ל_ י______ ‫-ש ל- י-ד-ם-‬ -------------- ‫יש לך ילדים?‬ 0
y--h-le--a-lakh--el---m? y___ l_________ y_______ y-s- l-k-a-l-k- y-l-d-m- ------------------------ yesh lekha/lakh yeladim?
Do you have a dog? ‫י--------?‬ ‫__ ל_ כ____ ‫-ש ל- כ-ב-‬ ------------ ‫יש לך כלב?‬ 0
y-s- ------lakh-----v? y___ l_________ k_____ y-s- l-k-a-l-k- k-l-v- ---------------------- yesh lekha/lakh kelev?
Do you have a cat? ‫י- ל- ח--ל?‬ ‫__ ל_ ח_____ ‫-ש ל- ח-ו-?- ------------- ‫יש לך חתול?‬ 0
ye-h l--ha/--k- --tul? y___ l_________ x_____ y-s- l-k-a-l-k- x-t-l- ---------------------- yesh lekha/lakh xatul?
These are my books. ‫א-ה-ה--ר-ם שלי-‬ ‫___ ה_____ ש____ ‫-ל- ה-פ-י- ש-י-‬ ----------------- ‫אלה הספרים שלי.‬ 0
el-h hasfar-m -h-li. e___ h_______ s_____ e-e- h-s-a-i- s-e-i- -------------------- eleh hasfarim sheli.
I am currently reading this book. ‫אנ--ק-ר- - --כ-- א--הס-ר----.‬ ‫___ ק___ / ת כ__ א_ ה___ ה____ ‫-נ- ק-ר- / ת כ-ת א- ה-פ- ה-ה-‬ ------------------------------- ‫אני קורא / ת כעת את הספר הזה.‬ 0
an------/---et ka--- et----e-er----e-. a__ q_________ k____ e_ h______ h_____ a-i q-r-/-o-e- k-'-t e- h-s-f-r h-z-h- -------------------------------------- ani qore/qoret ka'et et hasefer hazeh.
What do you like to read? ‫-- א- --ה-א-הב - ------א?‬ ‫__ א_ / ה א___ / ת ל______ ‫-ה א- / ה א-ה- / ת ל-ר-א-‬ --------------------------- ‫מה את / ה אוהב / ת לקרוא?‬ 0
m-- -t--/a- o---/-he-et l---o? m__ a______ o__________ l_____ m-h a-a-/-t o-e-/-h-v-t l-q-o- ------------------------------ mah atah/at ohev/ohevet liqro?
Do you like to go to concerts? ‫א--- - או-ב --ת---כ- ---נצרט?‬ ‫__ / ה א___ / ת ל___ ל________ ‫-ת / ה א-ה- / ת ל-כ- ל-ו-צ-ט-‬ ------------------------------- ‫את / ה אוהב / ת ללכת לקונצרט?‬ 0
a--h/-t-o-e-/--e--- l-lek----l-qo----r-? a______ o__________ l_______ l__________ a-a-/-t o-e-/-h-v-t l-l-k-e- l-q-n-s-r-? ---------------------------------------- atah/at ohev/ohevet lalekhet l'qontsert?
Do you like to go to the theatre / theater (am.)? ‫-- /-ה-אוה- -----צ---לת----ון-‬ ‫__ / ה א___ / ת ל___ ל_________ ‫-ת / ה א-ה- / ת ל-א- ל-י-ט-ו-?- -------------------------------- ‫את / ה אוהב / ת לצאת לתיאטרון?‬ 0
a---/-- o-----h--e- lat--'--l'-e--atr-n? a______ o__________ l______ l___________ a-a-/-t o-e-/-h-v-t l-t-e-t l-t-y-a-r-n- ---------------------------------------- atah/at ohev/ohevet latse't l'tey'atron?
Do you like to go to the opera? ‫את-/ --אוהב-/ ת -לכת--א--רה?‬ ‫__ / ה א___ / ת ל___ ל_______ ‫-ת / ה א-ה- / ת ל-כ- ל-ו-ר-?- ------------------------------ ‫את / ה אוהב / ת ללכת לאופרה?‬ 0
at--/---ohe-/o-e-e--l-le-het --ope-ah? a______ o__________ l_______ l________ a-a-/-t o-e-/-h-v-t l-l-k-e- l-o-e-a-? -------------------------------------- atah/at ohev/ohevet lalekhet l'operah?

Mother language? Father language!

As a child, from whom did you learn your language? For sure you'll say: From mother! Most people in the world think that. The term ‘mother language’ exists in almost all nations. The English as well as the Chinese are familiar with it. Perhaps because mothers spend more time with the children. But recent studies have come to different results. They show that our language is mostly the language of our fathers. Researchers examined genetic material and languages of mixed tribes. In such tribes, the parents came from different cultures. These tribes originated thousands of years ago. Large migratory movements were the reason for this. The genetic material of these mixed tribes was genetically analyzed. Then it was compared to the language of the tribe. Most tribes speak the language of their male ancestors. That means, the language of the country comes from the Y chromosome. So men brought their language with them to foreign lands. And the women there then adopted the new language of the men. But even today, fathers have a great deal of influence on our language. Because when learning, babies are oriented toward the language of their father. Fathers speak considerably less with their children. The male sentence structure is also simpler than that of the female. As a result, the language of the father is better suited for babies. It doesn't overwhelm them and is easier to learn as a result. That is why children prefer to imitate ‘Dad’ when speaking rather than ‘Mum’. Later, the mother's vocabulary shapes the child's language. In this way, mothers influence our language as well as fathers. So it should be called parental language!
Did you know?
Italian is counted among the Romance languages. That means that it developed out of Latin. Italian is the native language of about 70 million people. The majority of those live in Italy. Italian is also understood in Slovenia and Croatia. The language travelled as far away as Africa through colonial politics. Even today, Italian is understood in Libya, Somalia, and Eritrea by many older people. Numerous emigrants also took the language with them to their new homeland. Most notably there are many Italian-language communities in South America. Often Italian has mixed in with Spanish in those areas and created new languages. The unusual thing about Italian is its many different dialects. Some experts even speak of individual languages. The orthography of Italian is not difficult; it follows the pronunciation. For many, Italian is the most beautiful language in the world! Perhaps because it is the language of music, design and good cuisine?