en Small Talk 1   »   cs Konverzace 1

20 [twenty]

Small Talk 1

Small Talk 1

20 [dvacet]

Konverzace 1

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Make yourself comfortable! Ud-l-----s- --ho---! Udělejte si pohodlí! U-ě-e-t- s- p-h-d-í- -------------------- Udělejte si pohodlí! 0
Please, feel right at home! Ci-t---e-j-ko d-ma! Ciťte se jako doma! C-ť-e s- j-k- d-m-! ------------------- Ciťte se jako doma! 0
What would you like to drink? C- si d--- k ---í? Co si dáte k pití? C- s- d-t- k p-t-? ------------------ Co si dáte k pití? 0
Do you like music? M-te-r-d---r-d--h--bu? Máte rád / ráda hudbu? M-t- r-d / r-d- h-d-u- ---------------------- Máte rád / ráda hudbu? 0
I like classical music. Mám---d k---i-----hu---. Mám rád klasickou hudbu. M-m r-d k-a-i-k-u h-d-u- ------------------------ Mám rád klasickou hudbu. 0
These are my CD’s. T----------á-c-d--k-. Tady jsou má cédéčka. T-d- j-o- m- c-d-č-a- --------------------- Tady jsou má cédéčka. 0
Do you play a musical instrument? H-aj----n- n---k- -----n--ná--r-j? Hrajete na nějaký hudební nástroj? H-a-e-e n- n-j-k- h-d-b-í n-s-r-j- ---------------------------------- Hrajete na nějaký hudební nástroj? 0
This is my guitar. To je-m-j- k-tar-. To je moje kytara. T- j- m-j- k-t-r-. ------------------ To je moje kytara. 0
Do you like to sing? Zp-v-te------ --da? Zpíváte rád / ráda? Z-í-á-e r-d / r-d-? ------------------- Zpíváte rád / ráda? 0
Do you have children? M----d---? Máte děti? M-t- d-t-? ---------- Máte děti? 0
Do you have a dog? M-t--psa? Máte psa? M-t- p-a- --------- Máte psa? 0
Do you have a cat? Má---ko--u? Máte kočku? M-t- k-č-u- ----------- Máte kočku? 0
These are my books. Toto-j-ou mé ---h-. Toto jsou mé knihy. T-t- j-o- m- k-i-y- ------------------- Toto jsou mé knihy. 0
I am currently reading this book. Má- ----č----- tuto--n-hu. Mám rozečtenou tuto knihu. M-m r-z-č-e-o- t-t- k-i-u- -------------------------- Mám rozečtenou tuto knihu. 0
What do you like to read? Co --d --rád--čt-te? Co rád / ráda čtete? C- r-d / r-d- č-e-e- -------------------- Co rád / ráda čtete? 0
Do you like to go to concerts? Chod--- r-d-/--á----- k---er-y? Chodíte rád / ráda na koncerty? C-o-í-e r-d / r-d- n- k-n-e-t-? ------------------------------- Chodíte rád / ráda na koncerty? 0
Do you like to go to the theatre / theater (am.)? C--dí-- -á--/--á-- --------l-? Chodíte rád / ráda do divadla? C-o-í-e r-d / r-d- d- d-v-d-a- ------------------------------ Chodíte rád / ráda do divadla? 0
Do you like to go to the opera? Cho-í-e r-d-/---da-do -----? Chodíte rád / ráda do opery? C-o-í-e r-d / r-d- d- o-e-y- ---------------------------- Chodíte rád / ráda do opery? 0

Mother language? Father language!

As a child, from whom did you learn your language? For sure you'll say: From mother! Most people in the world think that. The term ‘mother language’ exists in almost all nations. The English as well as the Chinese are familiar with it. Perhaps because mothers spend more time with the children. But recent studies have come to different results. They show that our language is mostly the language of our fathers. Researchers examined genetic material and languages of mixed tribes. In such tribes, the parents came from different cultures. These tribes originated thousands of years ago. Large migratory movements were the reason for this. The genetic material of these mixed tribes was genetically analyzed. Then it was compared to the language of the tribe. Most tribes speak the language of their male ancestors. That means, the language of the country comes from the Y chromosome. So men brought their language with them to foreign lands. And the women there then adopted the new language of the men. But even today, fathers have a great deal of influence on our language. Because when learning, babies are oriented toward the language of their father. Fathers speak considerably less with their children. The male sentence structure is also simpler than that of the female. As a result, the language of the father is better suited for babies. It doesn't overwhelm them and is easier to learn as a result. That is why children prefer to imitate ‘Dad’ when speaking rather than ‘Mum’. Later, the mother's vocabulary shapes the child's language. In this way, mothers influence our language as well as fathers. So it should be called parental language!
Did you know?
Italian is counted among the Romance languages. That means that it developed out of Latin. Italian is the native language of about 70 million people. The majority of those live in Italy. Italian is also understood in Slovenia and Croatia. The language travelled as far away as Africa through colonial politics. Even today, Italian is understood in Libya, Somalia, and Eritrea by many older people. Numerous emigrants also took the language with them to their new homeland. Most notably there are many Italian-language communities in South America. Often Italian has mixed in with Spanish in those areas and created new languages. The unusual thing about Italian is its many different dialects. Some experts even speak of individual languages. The orthography of Italian is not difficult; it follows the pronunciation. For many, Italian is the most beautiful language in the world! Perhaps because it is the language of music, design and good cuisine?