Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 1   »   pl W restauracji 1

29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1

At the restaurant 1

29 [dwadzieścia dziewięć]

W restauracji 1

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Is this table taken? Czy-ten -tol-k-j-----ol-y? C__ t__ s_____ j___ w_____ C-y t-n s-o-i- j-s- w-l-y- -------------------------- Czy ten stolik jest wolny? 0
I would like the menu, please. P-p----ę ---t- da-. P_______ k____ d___ P-p-o-z- k-r-ę d-ń- ------------------- Poproszę kartę dań. 0
What would you recommend? C- -o----an-- --n--polec--? C_ m___ p__ / p___ p_______ C- m-ż- p-n / p-n- p-l-c-ć- --------------------------- Co może pan / pani polecić? 0
I’d like a beer. Pop-oszę -iwo. P_______ p____ P-p-o-z- p-w-. -------------- Poproszę piwo. 0
I’d like a mineral water. Po-r--zę w--- --n----ną. P_______ w___ m_________ P-p-o-z- w-d- m-n-r-l-ą- ------------------------ Poproszę wodę mineralną. 0
I’d like an orange juice. P---o--- s-k pomara-c-owy. P_______ s__ p____________ P-p-o-z- s-k p-m-r-ń-z-w-. -------------------------- Poproszę sok pomarańczowy. 0
I’d like a coffee. Pop-oszę ka-ę. P_______ k____ P-p-o-z- k-w-. -------------- Poproszę kawę. 0
I’d like a coffee with milk. P-pro-----a-ę-- m---i--. P_______ k___ z m_______ P-p-o-z- k-w- z m-e-i-m- ------------------------ Poproszę kawę z mlekiem. 0
With sugar, please. P--r-sz- z--u--em. P_______ z c______ P-p-o-z- z c-k-e-. ------------------ Poproszę z cukrem. 0
I’d like a tea. P-p-os-ę-he---tę. P_______ h_______ P-p-o-z- h-r-a-ę- ----------------- Poproszę herbatę. 0
I’d like a tea with lemon. P-p-os---h---atę z-c-t----. P_______ h______ z c_______ P-p-o-z- h-r-a-ę z c-t-y-ą- --------------------------- Poproszę herbatę z cytryną. 0
I’d like a tea with milk. Pop-o-zę-herbat- - -le-ie-. P_______ h______ z m_______ P-p-o-z- h-r-a-ę z m-e-i-m- --------------------------- Poproszę herbatę z mlekiem. 0
Do you have cigarettes? M- --n --p--i-p-pierosy? M_ p__ / p___ p_________ M- p-n / p-n- p-p-e-o-y- ------------------------ Ma pan / pani papierosy? 0
Do you have an ashtray? M--p-n - ---- p-pi-----zk-? M_ p__ / p___ p____________ M- p-n / p-n- p-p-e-n-c-k-? --------------------------- Ma pan / pani popielniczkę? 0
Do you have a light? Ma --- - ------gi--? M_ p__ / p___ o_____ M- p-n / p-n- o-i-ń- -------------------- Ma pan / pani ogień? 0
I’m missing a fork. Nie--am-wi-e---. ---r---j-----w----c-. N__ m__ w_______ / B______ m_ w_______ N-e m-m w-d-l-a- / B-a-u-e m- w-d-l-a- -------------------------------------- Nie mam widelca. / Brakuje mi widelca. 0
I’m missing a knife. N-e--am-no----/--r--uje -i-noż-. N__ m__ n____ / B______ m_ n____ N-e m-m n-ż-. / B-a-u-e m- n-ż-. -------------------------------- Nie mam noża. / Brakuje mi noża. 0
I’m missing a spoon. N-- -a---y--i. --B-------mi-ł----. N__ m__ ł_____ / B______ m_ ł_____ N-e m-m ł-ż-i- / B-a-u-e m- ł-ż-i- ---------------------------------- Nie mam łyżki. / Brakuje mi łyżki. 0

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…
Did you know?
Macedonian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in Macedonia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages. The neighbouring country of Serbia has especially influenced the Macedonian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for Macedonian to establish itself as its own language. Macedonian literature has especially suffered from this situation. Macedonian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the Macedonian identity.