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en Small Talk 1   »   zh 简单对话1

20 [twenty]

Small Talk 1

Small Talk 1

20[二十]

20 [Èrshí]

简单对话1

[jiǎndān duìhuà 1]

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Make yourself comfortable! 请-您 自--! 请 您 自便 ! 请 您 自- ! -------- 请 您 自便 ! 0
qǐn- ní- z- -iàn! qǐng nín zì biàn! q-n- n-n z- b-à-! ----------------- qǐng nín zì biàn!
Please, feel right at home! 您 就------家 里 ! 您 就 当在 自己家 里 ! 您 就 当- 自-家 里 ! -------------- 您 就 当在 自己家 里 ! 0
N-n jiù -ā-----i-z-jǐ -i---! Nín jiù dāng zài zìjǐ jiālǐ! N-n j-ù d-n- z-i z-j- j-ā-ǐ- ---------------------------- Nín jiù dāng zài zìjǐ jiālǐ!
What would you like to drink? 您-想-----么-- ? 您 想 喝点 什么 吗 ? 您 想 喝- 什- 吗 ? ------------- 您 想 喝点 什么 吗 ? 0
Nín -i-ng-h--d--- s---m--ma? Nín xiǎng hē diǎn shénme ma? N-n x-ǎ-g h- d-ǎ- s-é-m- m-? ---------------------------- Nín xiǎng hē diǎn shénme ma?
Do you like music? 您--- 音乐 - ? 您 喜欢 音乐 吗 ? 您 喜- 音- 吗 ? ----------- 您 喜欢 音乐 吗 ? 0
Ní- xǐh-ān--īn-u---a? Nín xǐhuān yīnyuè ma? N-n x-h-ā- y-n-u- m-? --------------------- Nín xǐhuān yīnyuè ma?
I like classical music. 我-------- 。 我 喜欢 古典音乐 。 我 喜- 古-音- 。 ----------- 我 喜欢 古典音乐 。 0
Wǒ---h-ā- gǔ-i-n ------. Wǒ xǐhuān gǔdiǎn yīnyuè. W- x-h-ā- g-d-ǎ- y-n-u-. ------------------------ Wǒ xǐhuān gǔdiǎn yīnyuè.
These are my CD’s. 这些 ---的 CD-。 这些 是 我的 CD 。 这- 是 我- C- 。 ------------ 这些 是 我的 CD 。 0
Z-è--ē -h--wǒ-d--C-. Zhèxiē shì wǒ de CD. Z-è-i- s-ì w- d- C-. -------------------- Zhèxiē shì wǒ de CD.
Do you play a musical instrument? 您 ----么 乐--吗 ? 您 弹奏 什么 乐器 吗 ? 您 弹- 什- 乐- 吗 ? -------------- 您 弹奏 什么 乐器 吗 ? 0
N----án z-- -h-nm----è-- m-? Nín tán zòu shénme yuèqì ma? N-n t-n z-u s-é-m- y-è-ì m-? ---------------------------- Nín tán zòu shénme yuèqì ma?
This is my guitar. 这- 我- 吉他 。 这是 我的 吉他 。 这- 我- 吉- 。 ---------- 这是 我的 吉他 。 0
Z---s-ì -ǒ-de-----. Zhè shì wǒ de jítā. Z-è s-ì w- d- j-t-. ------------------- Zhè shì wǒ de jítā.
Do you like to sing? 您 喜---歌 吗-? 您 喜欢 唱歌 吗 ? 您 喜- 唱- 吗 ? ----------- 您 喜欢 唱歌 吗 ? 0
Ní--xǐhu--------g---a? Nín xǐhuān chànggē ma? N-n x-h-ā- c-à-g-ē m-? ---------------------- Nín xǐhuān chànggē ma?
Do you have children? 您 有-孩子-吗 ? 您 有 孩子 吗 ? 您 有 孩- 吗 ? ---------- 您 有 孩子 吗 ? 0
N-n --u h-------? Nín yǒu háizi ma? N-n y-u h-i-i m-? ----------------- Nín yǒu háizi ma?
Do you have a dog? 您-- 狗---? 您 有 狗 吗 ? 您 有 狗 吗 ? --------- 您 有 狗 吗 ? 0
N-- yǒ- gǒu-ma? Nín yǒu gǒu ma? N-n y-u g-u m-? --------------- Nín yǒu gǒu ma?
Do you have a cat? 您 - --吗-? 您 有 猫 吗 ? 您 有 猫 吗 ? --------- 您 有 猫 吗 ? 0
N-n---- --o m-? Nín yǒu māo ma? N-n y-u m-o m-? --------------- Nín yǒu māo ma?
These are my books. 这些 - 我的-书-。 这些 是 我的 书 。 这- 是 我- 书 。 ----------- 这些 是 我的 书 。 0
Zh-xiē s----ǒ -e--h-. Zhèxiē shì wǒ de shū. Z-è-i- s-ì w- d- s-ū- --------------------- Zhèxiē shì wǒ de shū.
I am currently reading this book. 我 正--看--本-- 。 我 正在 看 这本 书 。 我 正- 看 这- 书 。 ------------- 我 正在 看 这本 书 。 0
W----èn-zài k-n-zhè-b----h-. Wǒ zhèngzài kàn zhè běn shū. W- z-è-g-à- k-n z-è b-n s-ū- ---------------------------- Wǒ zhèngzài kàn zhè běn shū.
What do you like to read? 您-喜--- 什- --? 您 喜欢 看 什么 书 ? 您 喜- 看 什- 书 ? ------------- 您 喜欢 看 什么 书 ? 0
N-------ān-kà- --énm- -h-? Nín xǐhuān kàn shénme shū? N-n x-h-ā- k-n s-é-m- s-ū- -------------------------- Nín xǐhuān kàn shénme shū?
Do you like to go to concerts? 您 -- 去-- -乐--吗 ? 您 喜欢 去 听 音乐会 吗 ? 您 喜- 去 听 音-会 吗 ? ---------------- 您 喜欢 去 听 音乐会 吗 ? 0
Ní----h-ā--qù-tīn--y---u- ------? Nín xǐhuān qù tīng yīnyuè huì ma? N-n x-h-ā- q- t-n- y-n-u- h-ì m-? --------------------------------- Nín xǐhuān qù tīng yīnyuè huì ma?
Do you like to go to the theatre / theater (am.)? 您 喜欢 去 - -剧 吗-? 您 喜欢 去 看 话剧 吗 ? 您 喜- 去 看 话- 吗 ? --------------- 您 喜欢 去 看 话剧 吗 ? 0
Nín xǐ-uān qù k-n-hu--ù --? Nín xǐhuān qù kàn huàjù ma? N-n x-h-ā- q- k-n h-à-ù m-? --------------------------- Nín xǐhuān qù kàn huàjù ma?
Do you like to go to the opera? 您 -欢 - 看 歌剧 吗-? 您 喜欢 去 看 歌剧 吗 ? 您 喜- 去 看 歌- 吗 ? --------------- 您 喜欢 去 看 歌剧 吗 ? 0
N-- xǐh--n--ù---n----- ma? Nín xǐhuān qù kàn gējù ma? N-n x-h-ā- q- k-n g-j- m-? -------------------------- Nín xǐhuān qù kàn gējù ma?

Mother language? Father language!

As a child, from whom did you learn your language? For sure you'll say: From mother! Most people in the world think that. The term ‘mother language’ exists in almost all nations. The English as well as the Chinese are familiar with it. Perhaps because mothers spend more time with the children. But recent studies have come to different results. They show that our language is mostly the language of our fathers. Researchers examined genetic material and languages of mixed tribes. In such tribes, the parents came from different cultures. These tribes originated thousands of years ago. Large migratory movements were the reason for this. The genetic material of these mixed tribes was genetically analyzed. Then it was compared to the language of the tribe. Most tribes speak the language of their male ancestors. That means, the language of the country comes from the Y chromosome. So men brought their language with them to foreign lands. And the women there then adopted the new language of the men. But even today, fathers have a great deal of influence on our language. Because when learning, babies are oriented toward the language of their father. Fathers speak considerably less with their children. The male sentence structure is also simpler than that of the female. As a result, the language of the father is better suited for babies. It doesn't overwhelm them and is easier to learn as a result. That is why children prefer to imitate ‘Dad’ when speaking rather than ‘Mum’. Later, the mother's vocabulary shapes the child's language. In this way, mothers influence our language as well as fathers. So it should be called parental language!
Did you know?
Italian is counted among the Romance languages. That means that it developed out of Latin. Italian is the native language of about 70 million people. The majority of those live in Italy. Italian is also understood in Slovenia and Croatia. The language travelled as far away as Africa through colonial politics. Even today, Italian is understood in Libya, Somalia, and Eritrea by many older people. Numerous emigrants also took the language with them to their new homeland. Most notably there are many Italian-language communities in South America. Often Italian has mixed in with Spanish in those areas and created new languages. The unusual thing about Italian is its many different dialects. Some experts even speak of individual languages. The orthography of Italian is not difficult; it follows the pronunciation. For many, Italian is the most beautiful language in the world! Perhaps because it is the language of music, design and good cuisine?