Phrasebook

en The time   »   cs Časové údaje

8 [eight]

The time

The time

8 [osm]

Časové údaje

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Excuse me! Pr-m----! P________ P-o-i-t-! --------- Promiňte! 0
What time is it, please? K-lik -e ----n----o---? K____ j_ h_____ p______ K-l-k j- h-d-n- p-o-í-? ----------------------- Kolik je hodin, prosím? 0
Thank you very much. D-k-ji m----k--t. D_____ m_________ D-k-j- m-o-o-r-t- ----------------- Děkuji mnohokrát. 0
It is one o’clock. Je--edna ho---a. J_ j____ h______ J- j-d-a h-d-n-. ---------------- Je jedna hodina. 0
It is two o’clock. Js---dv- --diny. J___ d__ h______ J-o- d-ě h-d-n-. ---------------- Jsou dvě hodiny. 0
It is three o’clock. Js-u--ři --din-. J___ t__ h______ J-o- t-i h-d-n-. ---------------- Jsou tři hodiny. 0
It is four o’clock. J-o- čt-ř- hod-ny. J___ č____ h______ J-o- č-y-i h-d-n-. ------------------ Jsou čtyři hodiny. 0
It is five o’clock. Je-pě--h-d-n. J_ p__ h_____ J- p-t h-d-n- ------------- Je pět hodin. 0
It is six o’clock. Je še---ho-in. J_ š___ h_____ J- š-s- h-d-n- -------------- Je šest hodin. 0
It is seven o’clock. Je-se-m-ho-i-. J_ s___ h_____ J- s-d- h-d-n- -------------- Je sedm hodin. 0
It is eight o’clock. J--osm ho-in. J_ o__ h_____ J- o-m h-d-n- ------------- Je osm hodin. 0
It is nine o’clock. Je -e-ět hodi-. J_ d____ h_____ J- d-v-t h-d-n- --------------- Je devět hodin. 0
It is ten o’clock. Je ---et h-din. J_ d____ h_____ J- d-s-t h-d-n- --------------- Je deset hodin. 0
It is eleven o’clock. Je-j-d----- ho-i-. J_ j_______ h_____ J- j-d-n-c- h-d-n- ------------------ Je jedenáct hodin. 0
It is twelve o’clock. Je --an-ct hod-n. J_ d______ h_____ J- d-a-á-t h-d-n- ----------------- Je dvanáct hodin. 0
A minute has sixty seconds. J---- mi-uta--- -e----t--eku--. J____ m_____ m_ š______ s______ J-d-a m-n-t- m- š-d-s-t s-k-n-. ------------------------------- Jedna minuta má šedesát sekund. 0
An hour has sixty minutes. J--na-ho--na má š--esá- -i-u-. J____ h_____ m_ š______ m_____ J-d-a h-d-n- m- š-d-s-t m-n-t- ------------------------------ Jedna hodina má šedesát minut. 0
A day has twenty-four hours. Je-en den má--v-ce-----ř----din. J____ d__ m_ d_____ č____ h_____ J-d-n d-n m- d-a-e- č-y-i h-d-n- -------------------------------- Jeden den má dvacet čtyři hodin. 0

Language families

About 7 billion people live on Earth. And they speak about 7,000 different languages! Like people, languages can also be related. That is, they originate from a common root. There are also languages that are completely isolated. They are not genetically related to any other language. In Europe, for example, Basque is considered an isolated language. But most languages have ‘parents’, ‘children’ or ‘siblings’. They belong to a particular language family. You can recognize how similar languages are through comparisons. Linguists today count around 300 genetic entities. Among those, there are 180 families that consist of more than one language. The rest make up 120 isolated languages. The largest language family is the Indo-European. It is comprised of around 280 languages. This includes Romance, Germanic and Slavic languages. There are more than 3 billion speakers on all continents! The Sino-Tibetan language family is dominant in Asia. It has more than 1.3 billion speakers. The main Sino-Tibetan language is Chinese. The third largest language family is in Africa. It is named after its area of circulation: Niger-Congo. ‘Only’ 350 million speakers belong to it. Swahili is the main language in this family. In most cases: the closer the relationship, the better the understanding. People who speak related languages understand each other well. They can learn the other language relatively quickly. So, learn languages – family reunions are always nice!
Did you know?
German is the native language of more than 90 million people. These people live primarily in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. German is also spoken in Belgium, Liechtenstein, northern Italy, and Luxembourg. In addition to the native speakers, there are 80 million people who understand German. German is one of the most-learned foreign languages. It is counted among the West Germanic languages, like English and Dutch. It was also influenced by other languages over many centuries. This is due to the fact that the language region is located in the middle of Europe. Nowadays, English terms above all are integrated into the German vocabulary. Another hallmark of the German language is the many different dialects. These are increasingly losing importance, however. The standard language is becoming more and more widespread, especially through the media. Because of this, many schools want to teach dialects again. German grammar is not especially easy, but it is worth the trouble! German is among the ten most important languages of the world.