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en Past tense 3   »   cs Minulý čas 3

83 [eighty-three]

Past tense 3

Past tense 3

83 [osmdesát tři]

Minulý čas 3

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to make a call tel---no--t telefonovat t-l-f-n-v-t ----------- telefonovat 0
I made a call. T--e-o-o--l--se-. Telefonoval jsem. T-l-f-n-v-l j-e-. ----------------- Telefonoval jsem. 0
I was talking on the phone all the time. C-l-- -o-u-js-m--el-f-nov-l. Celou dobu jsem telefonoval. C-l-u d-b- j-e- t-l-f-n-v-l- ---------------------------- Celou dobu jsem telefonoval. 0
to ask p-át -e ptát se p-á- s- ------- ptát se 0
I asked. Ze-t---jse- s-. Zeptal jsem se. Z-p-a- j-e- s-. --------------- Zeptal jsem se. 0
I always asked. Vžd-----m -- pta-. Vždy jsem se ptal. V-d- j-e- s- p-a-. ------------------ Vždy jsem se ptal. 0
to narrate vyp-á--t vyprávět v-p-á-ě- -------- vyprávět 0
I narrated. Vy----ě- -sem. Vyprávěl jsem. V-p-á-ě- j-e-. -------------- Vyprávěl jsem. 0
I narrated the whole story. Vyprávě------ --l-u-pří-odu. Vyprávěl jsem celou příhodu. V-p-á-ě- j-e- c-l-u p-í-o-u- ---------------------------- Vyprávěl jsem celou příhodu. 0
to study uč-t--e učit se u-i- s- ------- učit se 0
I studied. U-il--sem-s-. Učil jsem se. U-i- j-e- s-. ------------- Učil jsem se. 0
I studied the whole evening. Učil--s-m-s---elý veče-. Učil jsem se celý večer. U-i- j-e- s- c-l- v-č-r- ------------------------ Učil jsem se celý večer. 0
to work p-a-ov-t pracovat p-a-o-a- -------- pracovat 0
I worked. Pr---v-l---em. Pracoval jsem. P-a-o-a- j-e-. -------------- Pracoval jsem. 0
I worked all day long. P-acoval j-em-c-lý---n. Pracoval jsem celý den. P-a-o-a- j-e- c-l- d-n- ----------------------- Pracoval jsem celý den. 0
to eat jíst jíst j-s- ---- jíst 0
I ate. J--- j-em. Jedl jsem. J-d- j-e-. ---------- Jedl jsem. 0
I ate all the food. Sn-dl-js----š-c-no-j-d-o. Snědl jsem všechno jídlo. S-ě-l j-e- v-e-h-o j-d-o- ------------------------- Snědl jsem všechno jídlo. 0

The history of linguistics

Languages have always fascinated mankind. The history of linguistics is therefore very long. Linguistics is the systematic study of language. Even thousands of years ago people contemplated language. In doing so, different cultures developed different systems. As a result, different descriptions of languages emerged. Today's linguistics are based on ancient theories more than anything else. Many traditions were established in Greece in particular. The oldest known work about language comes from India, however. It was written 3,000 years ago by the grammarian Sakatayana. In ancient times, philosophers like Plato busied themselves with languages. Later, Roman authors developed their theories further. Arabians, too, developed their own traditions in the 8th century. Even then, their works show precise descriptions of the Arabian language. In modern times, man particularly wanted to research where language comes from. Scholars were especially interested in the history of language. In the 18th century, people started to compare languages with each other. They wanted to understand how languages develop. Later they concentrated on languages as a system. The question of how languages function was the focal point. Today, a great number of schools of thought exist within linguistics. Many new disciplines have developed since the fifties. These were in part strongly influenced by other sciences. Examples are psycholinguistics or intercultural communication. The newer linguistic schools of thought are very specialized. One example of this is feminist linguistics. So the history of linguistics continues… As long as there are languages, man will contemplate them!