On the train   »  
En la trajno

34 [thirty-four]

On the train

On the train

34 [tridek kvar]


En la trajno

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English (UK) Esperanto Play More
Is that the train to Berlin? Ĉu t-- e---- l- t----- a- B------? Ĉu tio estas la trajno al Berlino? 0 +
When does the train leave? Ki-- l- t----- f---------? Kiam la trajno forveturos? 0 +
When does the train arrive in Berlin? Ki-- l- t----- a------ e- B------? Kiam la trajno alvenos en Berlino? 0 +
Excuse me, may I pass? Pa------- ĉ- v- p------- p---------? Pardonon, ĉu vi permesas preteriron? 0 +
I think this is my seat. Mi k----- k- t-- e---- m-- s------. Mi kredas ke tio estas mia sidloko. 0 +
I think you’re sitting in my seat. Mi k----- k- v- s---- e- m-- s------. Mi kredas ke vi sidas en mia sidloko. 0 +
Where is the sleeper? Ki- e---- l- d----------? Kie estas la dormovagono? 0 +
The sleeper is at the end of the train. La d---------- e---- ĉ- l- t---------. La dormovagono estas ĉe la trajnofino. 0 +
And where is the dining car? – At the front. Ka- k-- e---- l- m----------? – Ĉ- l- f-----. Kaj kie estas la manĝovagono? – Ĉe la fronto. 0 +
Can I sleep below? Ĉu m- p---- d---- s----? Ĉu mi povas dormi supre? 0 +
Can I sleep in the middle? Ĉu m- p---- d---- m------? Ĉu mi povas dormi mezloke? 0 +
Can I sleep at the top? Ĉu m- p---- d---- m-------? Ĉu mi povas dormi malsupre? 0 +
When will we get to the border? Ki-- n- e---- ĉ- l- l-------? Kiam ni estos ĉe la landlimo? 0 +
How long does the journey to Berlin take? Ki-- l---- d----- l- v------- a- B------? Kiom longe daŭras la veturado al Berlino? 0 +
Is the train delayed? Ĉu l- t----- m---------? Ĉu la trajno malfruiĝas? 0 +
Do you have something to read? Ĉu v- h---- i-- p-- l---? Ĉu vi havas ion por legi? 0 +
Can one get something to eat and to drink here? Ĉu h------- i- p-- m---- k-- t----- ĉ-----? Ĉu haveblas io por manĝi kaj trinki ĉi-tie? 0 +
Could you please wake me up at 7 o’clock? Ĉu v- p---- v--- m-- j- l- 7a h---? Ĉu vi povus veki min je la 7a horo? 0 +

Babies are lip readers!

When babies are learning to speak, they pay attention to their parents' mouths. Developmental psychologists have figured this out. Babies begin to read lips around six months of age. This way they learn how they must form their mouth to produce sounds. When babies are a year old, they can already understand a few words. From this age on they begin to look people in the eyes again. In doing so they get a lot of important information. By looking into their eyes, they can tell if their parents are happy or sad. They get to know the world of feelings in this way. It gets interesting when someone speaks to them in a foreign language. Then babies begin to read lips all over again. In this way they learn how to form foreign sounds as well. Therefore, when you speak with babies you should always look at them. Aside from that, babies need dialogue for their language development. In particular, parents often repeat what babies say. Babies thus receive feedback. That is very important for infants. Then they know that they are understood. This confirmation motivates babies. They continue to have fun learning to speak. So it's not enough to play audiotapes for babies. Studies prove that babies really are able to read lips. In experiments, infants were shown videos without sound. There were both native language and foreign language videos. The babies looked longer at the videos in their own language. They were noticeably more attentive in doing so. But the first words of babies are the same worldwide. ‘Mum’ and ‘Dad’ – easy to say in all languages!
Did you know?
Polish is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 45 million people. These people live primarily in Poland and in several Eastern European countries. Polish emigrants took their language to other continents as well. As a result, there are approximately 60 million Polish speakers worldwide. It is the most-spoken Slavic language after Russian. Polish is closely related to Czech and Slovakian. The modern Polish language developed from different dialects. Today there are hardly any dialects because most Poles use the standard language. The Polish alphabet is written in Latin letters and consists of 35 letters. The last but one syllable of a word is always accented. The grammar contains seven cases and three genders. This means almost every word ending is declined or conjugated. As a result Polish is not necessarily considered the easiest of languages. But it will soon be one of the more important European languages!