Phrasebook

en On the train   »   eo En la trajno

34 [thirty-four]

On the train

On the train

34 [tridek kvar]

En la trajno

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Is that the train to Berlin? Ĉu ----es-as-la t----o -- -e----o? Ĉ_ t__ e____ l_ t_____ a_ B_______ Ĉ- t-o e-t-s l- t-a-n- a- B-r-i-o- ---------------------------------- Ĉu tio estas la trajno al Berlino? 0
When does the train leave? Kia--l---ra--- forv--ur-s? K___ l_ t_____ f__________ K-a- l- t-a-n- f-r-e-u-o-? -------------------------- Kiam la trajno forveturos? 0
When does the train arrive in Berlin? Kia--la---aj-o-a-ven-- -n -erl---? K___ l_ t_____ a______ e_ B_______ K-a- l- t-a-n- a-v-n-s e- B-r-i-o- ---------------------------------- Kiam la trajno alvenos en Berlino? 0
Excuse me, may I pass? Pard-n----ĉ- -- --r-e-as--rete----n? P________ ĉ_ v_ p_______ p__________ P-r-o-o-, ĉ- v- p-r-e-a- p-e-e-i-o-? ------------------------------------ Pardonon, ĉu vi permesas preteriron? 0
I think this is my seat. M--kr-das----ti-----as m---sid---o. M_ k_____ k_ t__ e____ m__ s_______ M- k-e-a- k- t-o e-t-s m-a s-d-o-o- ----------------------------------- Mi kredas ke tio estas mia sidloko. 0
I think you’re sitting in my seat. M-----d-s-ke-v- -id-s--- m-a s-d-oko. M_ k_____ k_ v_ s____ e_ m__ s_______ M- k-e-a- k- v- s-d-s e- m-a s-d-o-o- ------------------------------------- Mi kredas ke vi sidas en mia sidloko. 0
Where is the sleeper? Kie e--as -- --r-o---o--? K__ e____ l_ d___________ K-e e-t-s l- d-r-o-a-o-o- ------------------------- Kie estas la dormovagono? 0
The sleeper is at the end of the train. L- d-r---a---o---t-s ĉe--- -ra-----no. L_ d__________ e____ ĉ_ l_ t__________ L- d-r-o-a-o-o e-t-s ĉ- l- t-a-n-f-n-. -------------------------------------- La dormovagono estas ĉe la trajnofino. 0
And where is the dining car? – At the front. K-- k-e e--as-l- manĝ-va--no----Ĉ--l---ront-. K__ k__ e____ l_ m___________ – Ĉ_ l_ f______ K-j k-e e-t-s l- m-n-o-a-o-o- – Ĉ- l- f-o-t-. --------------------------------------------- Kaj kie estas la manĝovagono? – Ĉe la fronto. 0
Can I sleep below? Ĉu mi--ov-- --rm- supr-? Ĉ_ m_ p____ d____ s_____ Ĉ- m- p-v-s d-r-i s-p-e- ------------------------ Ĉu mi povas dormi supre? 0
Can I sleep in the middle? Ĉu--i-povas --rmi m-zl-ke? Ĉ_ m_ p____ d____ m_______ Ĉ- m- p-v-s d-r-i m-z-o-e- -------------------------- Ĉu mi povas dormi mezloke? 0
Can I sleep at the top? Ĉu-m-----as-d--mi--al----e? Ĉ_ m_ p____ d____ m________ Ĉ- m- p-v-s d-r-i m-l-u-r-? --------------------------- Ĉu mi povas dormi malsupre? 0
When will we get to the border? K--- ----s-o-----la-l-n--imo? K___ n_ e____ ĉ_ l_ l________ K-a- n- e-t-s ĉ- l- l-n-l-m-? ----------------------------- Kiam ni estos ĉe la landlimo? 0
How long does the journey to Berlin take? Ki---l--g-------s-----e-----o----Be-lin-? K___ l____ d_____ l_ v_______ a_ B_______ K-o- l-n-e d-ŭ-a- l- v-t-r-d- a- B-r-i-o- ----------------------------------------- Kiom longe daŭras la veturado al Berlino? 0
Is the train delayed? Ĉ---- t-a-no---lfru-ĝ-s? Ĉ_ l_ t_____ m__________ Ĉ- l- t-a-n- m-l-r-i-a-? ------------------------ Ĉu la trajno malfruiĝas? 0
Do you have something to read? Ĉu -- -ava- --n por leg-? Ĉ_ v_ h____ i__ p__ l____ Ĉ- v- h-v-s i-n p-r l-g-? ------------------------- Ĉu vi havas ion por legi? 0
Can one get something to eat and to drink here? Ĉ- h---blas i- -or ma----k-j-tr-n-i ĉi----? Ĉ_ h_______ i_ p__ m____ k__ t_____ ĉ______ Ĉ- h-v-b-a- i- p-r m-n-i k-j t-i-k- ĉ---i-? ------------------------------------------- Ĉu haveblas io por manĝi kaj trinki ĉi-tie? 0
Could you please wake me up at 7 o’clock? Ĉu--i --vu- vek--min--- l---- horo? Ĉ_ v_ p____ v___ m__ j_ l_ 7_ h____ Ĉ- v- p-v-s v-k- m-n j- l- 7- h-r-? ----------------------------------- Ĉu vi povus veki min je la 7a horo? 0

Babies are lip readers!

When babies are learning to speak, they pay attention to their parents' mouths. Developmental psychologists have figured this out. Babies begin to read lips around six months of age. This way they learn how they must form their mouth to produce sounds. When babies are a year old, they can already understand a few words. From this age on they begin to look people in the eyes again. In doing so they get a lot of important information. By looking into their eyes, they can tell if their parents are happy or sad. They get to know the world of feelings in this way. It gets interesting when someone speaks to them in a foreign language. Then babies begin to read lips all over again. In this way they learn how to form foreign sounds as well. Therefore, when you speak with babies you should always look at them. Aside from that, babies need dialogue for their language development. In particular, parents often repeat what babies say. Babies thus receive feedback. That is very important for infants. Then they know that they are understood. This confirmation motivates babies. They continue to have fun learning to speak. So it's not enough to play audiotapes for babies. Studies prove that babies really are able to read lips. In experiments, infants were shown videos without sound. There were both native language and foreign language videos. The babies looked longer at the videos in their own language. They were noticeably more attentive in doing so. But the first words of babies are the same worldwide. ‘Mum’ and ‘Dad’ – easy to say in all languages!
Did you know?
Polish is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 45 million people. These people live primarily in Poland and in several Eastern European countries. Polish emigrants took their language to other continents as well. As a result, there are approximately 60 million Polish speakers worldwide. It is the most-spoken Slavic language after Russian. Polish is closely related to Czech and Slovakian. The modern Polish language developed from different dialects. Today there are hardly any dialects because most Poles use the standard language. The Polish alphabet is written in Latin letters and consists of 35 letters. The last but one syllable of a word is always accented. The grammar contains seven cases and three genders. This means almost every word ending is declined or conjugated. As a result Polish is not necessarily considered the easiest of languages. But it will soon be one of the more important European languages!