giving reasons 2   »  
pravigi ion 2

76 [seventy-six]

giving reasons 2

giving reasons 2

76 [sepdek ses]


pravigi ion 2

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Why didn’t you come? Ki-- v- n- v----? Kial vi ne venis? 0 +
I was ill. Mi e---- m------. Mi estis malsana. 0 +
I didn’t come because I was ill. Mi n- v---- ĉ-- m- e---- m------. Mi ne venis ĉar mi estis malsana. 0 +
Why didn’t she come? Ki-- ŝ- n- v----? Kial ŝi ne venis? 0 +
She was tired. Ŝi e---- l---. Ŝi estis laca. 0 +
She didn’t come because she was tired. Ŝi n- v---- ĉ-- ŝ- e---- l---. Ŝi ne venis ĉar ŝi estis laca. 0 +
Why didn’t he come? Ki-- l- n- v----? Kial li ne venis? 0 +
He wasn’t interested. Li n- e---. Li ne emis. 0 +
He didn’t come because he wasn’t interested. Li n- v---- ĉ-- l- n- e---. Li ne venis ĉar li ne emis. 0 +
Why didn’t you come? Ki-- v- n- v----? Kial vi ne venis? 0 +
Our car is damaged. Ni- a--- p-----. Nia aŭto paneis. 0 +
We didn’t come because our car is damaged. Ni n- v---- ĉ-- n-- a--- p-----. Ni ne venis ĉar nia aŭto paneis. 0 +
Why didn’t the people come? Ki-- l- h---- n- v----? Kial la homoj ne venis? 0 +
They missed the train. Il- m-------- l- t------. Ili maltrafis la trajnon. 0 +
They didn’t come because they missed the train. Il- n- v---- ĉ-- i-- m-------- l- t------. Ili ne venis ĉar ili maltrafis la trajnon. 0 +
Why didn’t you come? Ki-- v- n- v----? Kial vi ne venis? 0 +
I was not allowed to. Mi n- r-----. Mi ne rajtis. 0 +
I didn’t come because I was not allowed to. Mi n- v---- ĉ-- m- n- r-----. Mi ne venis ĉar mi ne rajtis. 0 +

The indigenous languages of America

Many different languages are spoken in America. English is the main language in North America. Spanish and Portuguese dominate in South America. All of these languages came to America from Europe. Before colonization, other languages were spoken there. These languages are known as the indigenous languages of America. Until today, they haven't been explored substantially. The variety of these languages is enormous. It is estimated that there are about 60 language families in North America. In South America there could even be as many as 150. Additionally, there are many isolated languages. All of these languages are very different. They exhibit only a few common structures. Therefore, it is difficult to classify the languages. The reason for their differences lies in the history of America. America was colonized in several stages. The first people came to America more than 10,000 years ago. Each population brought its language to the continent. The indigenous languages are most similar to Asian languages. The situation regarding America's ancient languages isn't the same everywhere. Many Native American languages are still in use in South America. Languages like Guarani or Quechua have millions of active speakers. By contrast, many languages in North America are almost extinct. The culture of the Native Americans of North America was long oppressed. In the process, their languages were lost. But interest in them has increased in the last few decades. There are many programs that aim to nurture and protect the languages. So they could have a future after all…