Phrasebook

en Past tense of modal verbs 1   »   eo Is-tempo de la modalverboj 1

87 [eighty-seven]

Past tense of modal verbs 1

Past tense of modal verbs 1

87 [okdek sep]

Is-tempo de la modalverboj 1

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We had to water the flowers. N- ---is ---u---la f-oro--. N_ d____ a_____ l_ f_______ N- d-v-s a-v-m- l- f-o-o-n- --------------------------- Ni devis akvumi la florojn. 0
We had to clean the apartment. N---e-is --di-i-l- loĝ--on. N_ d____ o_____ l_ l_______ N- d-v-s o-d-g- l- l-ĝ-j-n- --------------------------- Ni devis ordigi la loĝejon. 0
We had to wash the dishes. Ni -e-is -----la v--ar--. N_ d____ l___ l_ v_______ N- d-v-s l-v- l- v-z-r-n- ------------------------- Ni devis lavi la vazaron. 0
Did you have to pay the bill? Ĉu--i -e-is --g- la--ak--ron? Ĉ_ v_ d____ p___ l_ f________ Ĉ- v- d-v-s p-g- l- f-k-u-o-? ----------------------------- Ĉu vi devis pagi la fakturon? 0
Did you have to pay an entrance fee? Ĉ--v----vis-pa---la -nir--? Ĉ_ v_ d____ p___ l_ e______ Ĉ- v- d-v-s p-g- l- e-i-o-? --------------------------- Ĉu vi devis pagi la eniron? 0
Did you have to pay a fine? Ĉu-v--d-vi- p--i --npuno-? Ĉ_ v_ d____ p___ m________ Ĉ- v- d-v-s p-g- m-n-u-o-? -------------------------- Ĉu vi devis pagi monpunon? 0
Who had to say goodbye? K-- de-is adi-ŭ-? K__ d____ a______ K-u d-v-s a-i-ŭ-? ----------------- Kiu devis adiaŭi? 0
Who had to go home early? Kiu-de------u---e----iri? K__ d____ f___ h_________ K-u d-v-s f-u- h-j-e-i-i- ------------------------- Kiu devis frue hejmeniri? 0
Who had to take the train? K-- ---i--p--ni -a---aj---? K__ d____ p____ l_ t_______ K-u d-v-s p-e-i l- t-a-n-n- --------------------------- Kiu devis preni la trajnon? 0
We did not want to stay long. Ni ne--oli---e-t--l-n--. N_ n_ v____ r____ l_____ N- n- v-l-s r-s-i l-n-e- ------------------------ Ni ne volis resti longe. 0
We did not want to drink anything. Ni-v-l-- tr-n-- -enion. N_ v____ t_____ n______ N- v-l-s t-i-k- n-n-o-. ----------------------- Ni volis trinki nenion. 0
We did not want to disturb you. Ni-ne---l-s-ĝ-ni. N_ n_ v____ ĝ____ N- n- v-l-s ĝ-n-. ----------------- Ni ne volis ĝeni. 0
I just wanted to make a call. Mi-----s--u- ----f--i. M_ v____ n__ t________ M- v-l-s n-r t-l-f-n-. ---------------------- Mi volis nur telefoni. 0
I just wanted to call a taxi. Mi -ol---m---- ta-s-on. M_ v____ m____ t_______ M- v-l-s m-n-i t-k-i-n- ----------------------- Mi volis mendi taksion. 0
Actually I wanted to drive home. Mi--oli- ja---j-e-v--u-i. M_ v____ j_ h____________ M- v-l-s j- h-j-e-v-t-r-. ------------------------- Mi volis ja hejmenveturi. 0
I thought you wanted to call your wife. Mi--en-i- -- v- -o-as-voki v--- -dz-non. M_ p_____ k_ v_ v____ v___ v___ e_______ M- p-n-i- k- v- v-l-s v-k- v-a- e-z-n-n- ---------------------------------------- Mi pensis ke vi volas voki vian edzinon. 0
I thought you wanted to call information. M----nsis -e vi --las -o-- l- --f-rmo-n. M_ p_____ k_ v_ v____ v___ l_ i_________ M- p-n-i- k- v- v-l-s v-k- l- i-f-r-o-n- ---------------------------------------- Mi pensis ke vi volas voki la informojn. 0
I thought you wanted to order a pizza. M--pe-si- k- -i---la- m--d- pi-on. M_ p_____ k_ v_ v____ m____ p_____ M- p-n-i- k- v- v-l-s m-n-i p-c-n- ---------------------------------- Mi pensis ke vi volas mendi picon. 0

Big letters, big feelings

Advertising uses a lot of pictures. Pictures awaken our particular interests. We look at them longer and more intently than letters. As a result, we remember advertisements with pictures better. Pictures also produce strong emotional reactions. The brain recognizes pictures very quickly. It knows immediately what can be seen in the picture. Letters function differently than pictures. They are abstract characters. Therefore, our brain reacts slower to letters. First, it must understand the meaning of the word. One might say the characters must be translated by the language part of the brain. But emotions can be produced using letters too. The text just needs to be very large. Studies show that big letters have a big effect as well. Large letters aren't just more noticeable than small letters. They also produce a stronger emotional reaction. This is true for positive as well as negative feelings. The size of things has always been important to mankind. Man must react quickly to danger. And when something is large, it's usually already quite close! So it's understandable that large pictures cause strong reactions. Less clear is how we react to large letters. Letters aren't actually a signal for the brain. Despite this, it shows greater activity when it sees large letters. This result is very interesting to scientists. It shows how important letters have become for us. Our brain has somehow learned how to react to writing…