Phrasebook

en On the train   »   ad МэшIокум

34 [thirty-four]

On the train

On the train

34 [щэкIырэ плIырэ]

34 [shhjekIyrje plIyrje]

МэшIокум

[MjeshIokum]

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Is that the train to Berlin? М-------к-р -е-ли---э--? М_ м_______ Б_____ н____ М- м-ш-о-у- Б-р-и- н-с-? ------------------------ Мы мэшIокур Берлин нэса? 0
M- m---hI--ur B-rl-- n-e--? M_ m_________ B_____ n_____ M- m-e-h-o-u- B-r-i- n-e-a- --------------------------- My mjeshIokur Berlin njesa?
When does the train leave? М-шI---- с-д--ъ-- ----кIрэр? М_______ с_______ з_________ М-ш-о-у- с-д-г-у- з-I-к-р-р- ---------------------------- МэшIокур сыдигъуа зыIукIрэр? 0
M-e-----ur s-d-g-- -y-uk---er? M_________ s______ z__________ M-e-h-o-u- s-d-g-a z-I-k-r-e-? ------------------------------ MjeshIokur sydigua zyIukIrjer?
When does the train arrive in Berlin? М---окур-сыдигъу- --р-и-------ырэ-? М_______ с_______ Б_____ з_________ М-ш-о-у- с-д-г-у- Б-р-и- з-н-с-р-р- ----------------------------------- МэшIокур сыдигъуа Берлин зынэсырэр? 0
M--s-Iokur -y----a B-r-i---y-je-y-j--? M_________ s______ B_____ z___________ M-e-h-o-u- s-d-g-a B-r-i- z-n-e-y-j-r- -------------------------------------- MjeshIokur sydigua Berlin zynjesyrjer?
Excuse me, may I pass? ЕмыкIу-у--ш--,-с--лэг-эк--а? Е_____ у______ с____________ Е-ы-I- у-ы-I-, с-б-э-ъ-к-б-? ---------------------------- ЕмыкIу умышIы, сыблэгъэкIба? 0
Em---- u--s---- sy-lj-g-ekIb-? E_____ u_______ s_____________ E-y-I- u-y-h-y- s-b-j-g-e-I-a- ------------------------------ EmykIu umyshIy, sybljegjekIba?
I think this is my seat. Е--гуя--о, м- --ы-ыпIэ- -----. Е_________ м_ т________ с_____ Е-э-у-г-о- м- т-ы-ы-I-р с-с-й- ------------------------------ Енэгуягъо, мы тIысыпIэр сэсый. 0
E-----ja--- m- t---ypI-er--jes-j. E__________ m_ t_________ s______ E-j-g-j-g-, m- t-y-y-I-e- s-e-y-. --------------------------------- Enjegujago, my tIysypIjer sjesyj.
I think you’re sitting in my seat. Е--гуя-ъо---- с-тIысып-- ----. Е_________ с_ с_________ у____ Е-э-у-г-о- с- с-т-ы-ы-I- у-е-. ------------------------------ Енэгуягъо, сэ ситIысыпIэ утес. 0
En--g--ag---sj--s-tIy--p--e ut-s. E__________ s__ s__________ u____ E-j-g-j-g-, s-e s-t-y-y-I-e u-e-. --------------------------------- Enjegujago, sje sitIysypIje utes.
Where is the sleeper? У-ы-ыч---- -л--к--щт -агоныр тыд---ы-? У_________ п________ в______ т___ щ___ У-ы-ы-ъ-е- п-ъ-к-ы-т в-г-н-р т-д- щ-I- -------------------------------------- Узыщычъыен плъэкIыщт вагоныр тыдэ щыI? 0
U-y---y---en --je---shh--vago--r--y-je sh-yI? U___________ p__________ v______ t____ s_____ U-y-h-y-h-e- p-j-k-y-h-t v-g-n-r t-d-e s-h-I- --------------------------------------------- Uzyshhychyen pljekIyshht vagonyr tydje shhyI?
The sleeper is at the end of the train. Узы--чъые--п-ъэкI--- --гон-- м-шI--у--ыкIэкI- щ-I. У_________ п________ в______ м_______ ы______ щ___ У-ы-ы-ъ-е- п-ъ-к-ы-т в-г-н-р м-ш-о-у- ы-I-к-э щ-I- -------------------------------------------------- Узыщычъыен плъэкIыщт вагоныр мэшIокум ыкIэкIэ щыI. 0
Uzys-hy--y-n--l----yshht-v--o-yr -jeshI-k-m -kIj--Ije--hh-I. U___________ p__________ v______ m_________ y________ s_____ U-y-h-y-h-e- p-j-k-y-h-t v-g-n-r m-e-h-o-u- y-I-e-I-e s-h-I- ------------------------------------------------------------ Uzyshhychyen pljekIyshht vagonyr mjeshIokum ykIjekIje shhyI.
And where is the dining car? – At the front. Ва-о---е-тор-н-- -ыд----I?-–--эшI--ум--шъ------ -ы-. В_______________ т___ щ___ – М_______ ы________ щ___ В-г-н-р-с-о-а-ы- т-д- щ-I- – М-ш-о-у- ы-ъ-ь-к-э щ-I- ---------------------------------------------------- Вагон-рестораныр тыдэ щыI? – МэшIокум ышъхьэкIэ щыI. 0
Va-on-res--r--yr-t-dj- ---y-? --Mj-s-I-k---ysh--jekI-- -h--I. V_______________ t____ s_____ – M_________ y__________ s_____ V-g-n-r-s-o-a-y- t-d-e s-h-I- – M-e-h-o-u- y-h-'-e-I-e s-h-I- ------------------------------------------------------------- Vagon-restoranyr tydje shhyI? – MjeshIokum yshh'jekIje shhyI.
Can I sleep below? Ы--э--рэ ----ъ-п-э--с---ч---м- --у--а? Ы_______ г_________ с_________ х______ Ы-I-г-р- г-о-ъ-п-э- с-щ-ч-ы-м- х-у-т-? -------------------------------------- ЫчIэгърэ гъолъыпIэм сыщычъыемэ хъущта? 0
Yc---e-r-- gol-------sy-h-yc---m-----s-hta? Y_________ g________ s____________ h_______ Y-h-j-g-j- g-l-p-j-m s-s-h-c-y-m-e h-s-h-a- ------------------------------------------- YchIjegrje golypIjem syshhychyemje hushhta?
Can I sleep in the middle? Аз---гур--гъол-ы-------щыч-ые-э --у--а? А________ г_________ с_________ х______ А-ы-а-у-э г-о-ъ-п-э- с-щ-ч-ы-м- х-у-т-? --------------------------------------- Азыфагурэ гъолъыпIэм сыщычъыемэ хъущта? 0
A---agur-e-g--ypI--- syshh--h--mje -us-ht-? A_________ g________ s____________ h_______ A-y-a-u-j- g-l-p-j-m s-s-h-c-y-m-e h-s-h-a- ------------------------------------------- Azyfagurje golypIjem syshhychyemje hushhta?
Can I sleep at the top? Ы-ъхь-гър----олъ--I---сы-ычъы-мэ-х-у-та? Ы_________ г_________ с_________ х______ Ы-ъ-ь-г-р- г-о-ъ-п-э- с-щ-ч-ы-м- х-у-т-? ---------------------------------------- Ышъхьагърэ гъолъыпIэм сыщычъыемэ хъущта? 0
Y-h--a--j--g-lypIj-m--yshhyc-ye-----us--t-? Y_________ g________ s____________ h_______ Y-h-'-g-j- g-l-p-j-m s-s-h-c-y-m-e h-s-h-a- ------------------------------------------- Yshh'agrje golypIjem syshhychyemje hushhta?
When will we get to the border? Сы-и-ъ-- к-эр--ыгъо гъ---------т--ы-эсыщтыр? С_______ к_________ г_________ т____________ С-д-г-у- к-э-а-ы-ъ- г-у-а-к-э- т-з-н-с-щ-ы-? -------------------------------------------- Сыдигъуа къэралыгъо гъунапкъэм тызынэсыщтыр? 0
Sydi-ua---e--l-go --napk-em--y-ynj-s-s-htyr? S______ k________ g________ t_______________ S-d-g-a k-e-a-y-o g-n-p-j-m t-z-n-e-y-h-t-r- -------------------------------------------- Sydigua kjeralygo gunapkjem tyzynjesyshhtyr?
How long does the journey to Berlin take? Бе-------- гъогу- с-д фэ-и- -ахъ--у--е-Iуад---р? Б_____ н__ г_____ с__ ф____ у______ т___________ Б-р-и- н-с г-о-у- с-д ф-д-з у-х-т-у т-к-у-д-р-р- ------------------------------------------------ Берлин нэс гъогум сыд фэдиз уахътэу текIуадэрэр? 0
Be-lin ---s---g-----d -je----ua-t--u-t--I-adjerj--? B_____ n___ g____ s__ f_____ u______ t_____________ B-r-i- n-e- g-g-m s-d f-e-i- u-h-j-u t-k-u-d-e-j-r- --------------------------------------------------- Berlin njes gogum syd fjediz uahtjeu tekIuadjerjer?
Is the train delayed? МэшI-к---къ----ъ--? М_______ к_________ М-ш-о-у- к-э-у-ъ-а- ------------------- МэшIокур къэгужъуа? 0
M-eshI-k-- -je------? M_________ k_________ M-e-h-o-u- k-e-u-h-a- --------------------- MjeshIokur kjeguzhua?
Do you have something to read? У-эд--н г----уиIа? У______ г___ у____ У-э-ж-н г-р- у-I-? ------------------ Узэджэн горэ уиIа? 0
U-jed-h--n -or-e----a? U_________ g____ u____ U-j-d-h-e- g-r-e u-I-? ---------------------- Uzjedzhjen gorje uiIa?
Can one get something to eat and to drink here? М-- --гор- щ-пш-ын-- ущ-ш-он плъэ-I-н-- щ--а? М__ з_____ щ______ е у______ п_________ щ____ М-щ з-г-р- щ-п-х-н е у-е-ъ-н п-ъ-к-ы-э- щ-т-? --------------------------------------------- Мыщ зыгорэ щыпшхын е ущешъон плъэкIынэу щыта? 0
M-s---z---r-e-shh---h--- e u-h-es-on pl---I----- sh-y-a? M____ z______ s_________ e u________ p__________ s______ M-s-h z-g-r-e s-h-p-h-y- e u-h-e-h-n p-j-k-y-j-u s-h-t-? -------------------------------------------------------- Myshh zygorje shhypshhyn e ushheshon pljekIynjeu shhyta?
Could you please wake me up at 7 o’clock? Сыхьат-р блы--с-к-э-ъэ--- -ъу----. С_______ б___ с__________ х_______ С-х-а-ы- б-ы- с-к-э-ъ-у-, х-у-т-э- ---------------------------------- Сыхьатыр блым сыкъэгъэущ, хъущтмэ. 0
S-h'-t-- blym--y----je---h,----h--m--. S_______ b___ s____________ h_________ S-h-a-y- b-y- s-k-e-j-u-h-, h-s-h-m-e- -------------------------------------- Syh'atyr blym sykjegjeushh, hushhtmje.

Babies are lip readers!

When babies are learning to speak, they pay attention to their parents' mouths. Developmental psychologists have figured this out. Babies begin to read lips around six months of age. This way they learn how they must form their mouth to produce sounds. When babies are a year old, they can already understand a few words. From this age on they begin to look people in the eyes again. In doing so they get a lot of important information. By looking into their eyes, they can tell if their parents are happy or sad. They get to know the world of feelings in this way. It gets interesting when someone speaks to them in a foreign language. Then babies begin to read lips all over again. In this way they learn how to form foreign sounds as well. Therefore, when you speak with babies you should always look at them. Aside from that, babies need dialogue for their language development. In particular, parents often repeat what babies say. Babies thus receive feedback. That is very important for infants. Then they know that they are understood. This confirmation motivates babies. They continue to have fun learning to speak. So it's not enough to play audiotapes for babies. Studies prove that babies really are able to read lips. In experiments, infants were shown videos without sound. There were both native language and foreign language videos. The babies looked longer at the videos in their own language. They were noticeably more attentive in doing so. But the first words of babies are the same worldwide. ‘Mum’ and ‘Dad’ – easy to say in all languages!
Did you know?
Polish is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 45 million people. These people live primarily in Poland and in several Eastern European countries. Polish emigrants took their language to other continents as well. As a result, there are approximately 60 million Polish speakers worldwide. It is the most-spoken Slavic language after Russian. Polish is closely related to Czech and Slovakian. The modern Polish language developed from different dialects. Today there are hardly any dialects because most Poles use the standard language. The Polish alphabet is written in Latin letters and consists of 35 letters. The last but one syllable of a word is always accented. The grammar contains seven cases and three genders. This means almost every word ending is declined or conjugated. As a result Polish is not necessarily considered the easiest of languages. But it will soon be one of the more important European languages!