Phrasebook

en Past tense of modal verbs 1   »   ky Модалдык этиштердин өткөн чагы 1

87 [eighty-seven]

Past tense of modal verbs 1

Past tense of modal verbs 1

87 [сексен жети]

87 [seksen jeti]

Модалдык этиштердин өткөн чагы 1

[Modaldık etişterdin ötkön çagı 1]

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We had to water the flowers. Бизд-н--үл--р-ү суу-ар-у-уз-----к бо-ду. Б_____ г_______ с__________ к____ б_____ Б-з-и- г-л-ө-д- с-у-а-у-б-з к-р-к б-л-у- ---------------------------------------- Биздин гүлдөрдү суугаруубуз керек болду. 0
B-z--n --l-ördü -uu-a-u--u- -erek---ld-. B_____ g_______ s__________ k____ b_____ B-z-i- g-l-ö-d- s-u-a-u-b-z k-r-k b-l-u- ---------------------------------------- Bizdin güldördü suugaruubuz kerek boldu.
We had to clean the apartment. Б-- ---р------ -аз-л-ш--ыз-к-рек----д-. Б__ к_________ т__________ к____ б_____ Б-з к-а-т-р-н- т-з-л-ш-б-з к-р-к б-л-у- --------------------------------------- Биз квартираны тазалашыбыз керек болду. 0
B-z-kv--t-r--ı t-za-a-ıb-z-k-r-k----d-. B__ k_________ t__________ k____ b_____ B-z k-a-t-r-n- t-z-l-ş-b-z k-r-k b-l-u- --------------------------------------- Biz kvartiranı tazalaşıbız kerek boldu.
We had to wash the dishes. Биз иди--ер----уу-убу--ке--к--о-ду. Б__ и________ ж_______ к____ б_____ Б-з и-и-т-р-и ж-у-у-у- к-р-к б-л-у- ----------------------------------- Биз идиштерди жуушубуз керек болду. 0
Biz--d-şt--di j--şub-z ------b----. B__ i________ j_______ k____ b_____ B-z i-i-t-r-i j-u-u-u- k-r-k b-l-u- ----------------------------------- Biz idişterdi juuşubuz kerek boldu.
Did you have to pay the bill? С-ле---с---и--өл-өң-р --рек--ел-? С____ э_____ т_______ к____ б____ С-л-р э-е-т- т-л-ө-ө- к-р-к б-л-? --------------------------------- Силер эсепти төлөөңөр керек беле? 0
Sile---s-p-- tö--ö----------b-l-? S____ e_____ t_______ k____ b____ S-l-r e-e-t- t-l-ö-ö- k-r-k b-l-? --------------------------------- Siler esepti tölööŋör kerek bele?
Did you have to pay an entrance fee? Ки--- --ы-ы- -өл-ө--р ке-ек--ел-? К____ а_____ т_______ к____ б____ К-р-ү а-ы-ы- т-л-ө-ө- к-р-к б-л-? --------------------------------- Кирүү акысын төлөөңөр керек беле? 0
Ki-üü-akı--n -ölööŋö--k---k--e-e? K____ a_____ t_______ k____ b____ K-r-ü a-ı-ı- t-l-ö-ö- k-r-k b-l-? --------------------------------- Kirüü akısın tölööŋör kerek bele?
Did you have to pay a fine? Силер а-ып ---ө-----кер-к-б-л-? С____ а___ т_______ к____ б____ С-л-р а-ы- т-л-ө-ө- к-р-к б-л-? ------------------------------- Силер айып төлөөңөр керек беле? 0
Sil---ay-p-t----ŋör--e-ek be--? S____ a___ t_______ k____ b____ S-l-r a-ı- t-l-ö-ö- k-r-k b-l-? ------------------------------- Siler ayıp tölööŋör kerek bele?
Who had to say goodbye? Ким ко-то-у--- к-р-- э--? К__ к_________ к____ э___ К-м к-ш-о-у-с- к-р-к э-е- ------------------------- Ким коштошуусу керек эле? 0
Ki- --şt--u--u -e-ek--l-? K__ k_________ k____ e___ K-m k-ş-o-u-s- k-r-k e-e- ------------------------- Kim koştoşuusu kerek ele?
Who had to go home early? К-м ү-----р-е-б--ы-ы--е-е--э-е? К__ ү___ э___ б_____ к____ э___ К-м ү-г- э-т- б-р-ш- к-р-к э-е- ------------------------------- Ким үйгө эрте барышы керек эле? 0
K-- -yg- ert- ba-ışı -er-k--l-? K__ ü___ e___ b_____ k____ e___ K-m ü-g- e-t- b-r-ş- k-r-k e-e- ------------------------------- Kim üygö erte barışı kerek ele?
Who had to take the train? П-е-дг--к----р--үш-үс- к---- -ле? П______ к_____ т______ к____ э___ П-е-д-е к-м-е- т-ш-ү-ү к-р-к э-е- --------------------------------- Поездге кимдер түшүүсү керек эле? 0
Poe--ge -i--e- -üşüüsü --re- ele? P______ k_____ t______ k____ e___ P-e-d-e k-m-e- t-ş-ü-ü k-r-k e-e- --------------------------------- Poezdge kimder tüşüüsü kerek ele?
We did not want to stay long. Биз-көпк- ---г-быз ке-г-н-жо-. Б__ к____ к_______ к_____ ж___ Б-з к-п-ө к-л-ы-ы- к-л-е- ж-к- ------------------------------ Биз көпкө калгыбыз келген жок. 0
B------kö-k--g-bı- k---------. B__ k____ k_______ k_____ j___ B-z k-p-ö k-l-ı-ı- k-l-e- j-k- ------------------------------ Biz köpkö kalgıbız kelgen jok.
We did not want to drink anything. Б-з ---не-с---ч-иби--ке--е--ж--. Б__ э_ н____ и______ к_____ ж___ Б-з э- н-р-е и-к-б-з к-л-е- ж-к- -------------------------------- Биз эч нерсе ичкибиз келген жок. 0
Biz eç-n---e----ib-- k-l-en -ok. B__ e_ n____ i______ k_____ j___ B-z e- n-r-e i-k-b-z k-l-e- j-k- -------------------------------- Biz eç nerse içkibiz kelgen jok.
We did not want to disturb you. Б-----н---ызды а-г--ы----л--- -о-. Б__ т_________ а______ к_____ ж___ Б-з т-н-ы-ы-д- а-г-б-з к-л-е- ж-к- ---------------------------------- Биз тынчыңызды алгыбыз келген жок. 0
B-------ı-ızdı algı--z k---en j-k. B__ t_________ a______ k_____ j___ B-z t-n-ı-ı-d- a-g-b-z k-l-e- j-k- ---------------------------------- Biz tınçıŋızdı algıbız kelgen jok.
I just wanted to make a call. Мен ч--гы----лди. М__ ч_____ к_____ М-н ч-л-ы- к-л-и- ----------------- Мен чалгым келди. 0
M-- çal-ı- -eldi. M__ ç_____ k_____ M-n ç-l-ı- k-l-i- ----------------- Men çalgım keldi.
I just wanted to call a taxi. М-н ---с--е-бу---ма бе--и- ке-д-. М__ т______ б______ б_____ к_____ М-н т-к-и-е б-ю-т-а б-р-и- к-л-и- --------------------------------- Мен таксиге буюртма бергим келди. 0
M-- -a--ige-b--u-tm- b--g-m--eld-. M__ t______ b_______ b_____ k_____ M-n t-k-i-e b-y-r-m- b-r-i- k-l-i- ---------------------------------- Men taksige buyurtma bergim keldi.
Actually I wanted to drive home. Себеби--е----гө к--ки--к--д-. С_____ м__ ү___ к_____ к_____ С-б-б- м-н ү-г- к-т-и- к-л-и- ----------------------------- Себеби мен үйгө кетким келди. 0
Se--b- men üy-- k-tk-m k-l--. S_____ m__ ü___ k_____ k_____ S-b-b- m-n ü-g- k-t-i- k-l-i- ----------------------------- Sebebi men üygö ketkim keldi.
I thought you wanted to call your wife. Мен с--- ая-ы-а -алгы-- ке--т деп -----о-. М__ с___ а_____ ч______ к____ д__ о_______ М-н с-н- а-л-н- ч-л-ы-ы к-л-т д-п о-л-г-м- ------------------------------------------ Мен сени аялына чалгысы келет деп ойлогом. 0
Me- --n- -ya--n----lgı-- -el-- --p-o-log-m. M__ s___ a______ ç______ k____ d__ o_______ M-n s-n- a-a-ı-a ç-l-ı-ı k-l-t d-p o-l-g-m- ------------------------------------------- Men seni ayalına çalgısı kelet dep oylogom.
I thought you wanted to call information. М-н--ен---аал---- -е-сесине -а--ы-ы к--д---е-----о-о-. М__ с___ м_______ к________ ч______ к____ д__ о_______ М-н с-н- м-а-ы-а- к-ң-е-и-е ч-л-ы-ы к-л-и д-п о-л-г-м- ------------------------------------------------------ Мен сени маалымат кеңсесине чалгысы келди деп ойлогом. 0
Men----i---a--m-- k---esi-- ç---ıs--k-ldi de- oylo-om. M__ s___ m_______ k________ ç______ k____ d__ o_______ M-n s-n- m-a-ı-a- k-ŋ-e-i-e ç-l-ı-ı k-l-i d-p o-l-g-m- ------------------------------------------------------ Men seni maalımat keŋsesine çalgısı keldi dep oylogom.
I thought you wanted to order a pizza. М-н -е-и -и----- б--р-м- б-рг-с---е--ен-го-д-- ой-ого-. М__ с___ п______ б______ б______ к_____ г_ д__ о_______ М-н с-н- п-ц-а-а б-ю-т-а б-р-и-и к-л-е- г- д-п о-л-г-м- ------------------------------------------------------- Мен сени пиццага буюртма бергиси келген го деп ойлогом. 0
M-n -eni-pi-st-a-a buy-r----be-gi-i-kel-en---------y----m. M__ s___ p________ b_______ b______ k_____ g_ d__ o_______ M-n s-n- p-t-t-a-a b-y-r-m- b-r-i-i k-l-e- g- d-p o-l-g-m- ---------------------------------------------------------- Men seni pitstsaga buyurtma bergisi kelgen go dep oylogom.

Big letters, big feelings

Advertising uses a lot of pictures. Pictures awaken our particular interests. We look at them longer and more intently than letters. As a result, we remember advertisements with pictures better. Pictures also produce strong emotional reactions. The brain recognizes pictures very quickly. It knows immediately what can be seen in the picture. Letters function differently than pictures. They are abstract characters. Therefore, our brain reacts slower to letters. First, it must understand the meaning of the word. One might say the characters must be translated by the language part of the brain. But emotions can be produced using letters too. The text just needs to be very large. Studies show that big letters have a big effect as well. Large letters aren't just more noticeable than small letters. They also produce a stronger emotional reaction. This is true for positive as well as negative feelings. The size of things has always been important to mankind. Man must react quickly to danger. And when something is large, it's usually already quite close! So it's understandable that large pictures cause strong reactions. Less clear is how we react to large letters. Letters aren't actually a signal for the brain. Despite this, it shows greater activity when it sees large letters. This result is very interesting to scientists. It shows how important letters have become for us. Our brain has somehow learned how to react to writing…