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5 [five]

Countries and Languages

Countries and Languages

5 [fünf]

Länder und Sprachen

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John is from London. John -st aus---ndo-. J___ i__ a__ L______ J-h- i-t a-s L-n-o-. -------------------- John ist aus London. 0
London is in Great Britain. Lon-o- l--g---n -ro-br-tann--n. L_____ l____ i_ G______________ L-n-o- l-e-t i- G-o-b-i-a-n-e-. ------------------------------- London liegt in Großbritannien. 0
He speaks English. Er -p-ic-t -nglisch. E_ s______ E________ E- s-r-c-t E-g-i-c-. -------------------- Er spricht Englisch. 0
Maria is from Madrid. M-ri- --- a-s--a-rid. M____ i__ a__ M______ M-r-a i-t a-s M-d-i-. --------------------- Maria ist aus Madrid. 0
Madrid is in Spain. Mad-i---i-----n-S-----n. M_____ l____ i_ S_______ M-d-i- l-e-t i- S-a-i-n- ------------------------ Madrid liegt in Spanien. 0
She speaks Spanish. Si-----i-h- ----isch. S__ s______ S________ S-e s-r-c-t S-a-i-c-. --------------------- Sie spricht Spanisch. 0
Peter and Martha are from Berlin. Pe--- -nd--ar-ha s--d--us---r-in. P____ u__ M_____ s___ a__ B______ P-t-r u-d M-r-h- s-n- a-s B-r-i-. --------------------------------- Peter und Martha sind aus Berlin. 0
Berlin is in Germany. Berl-n--i--------eu---h-a-d. B_____ l____ i_ D___________ B-r-i- l-e-t i- D-u-s-h-a-d- ---------------------------- Berlin liegt in Deutschland. 0
Do both of you speak German? Sprech--i-r b-i-e De-ts-h? S______ i__ b____ D_______ S-r-c-t i-r b-i-e D-u-s-h- -------------------------- Sprecht ihr beide Deutsch? 0
London is a capital city. L--d-n--st-e-n-------s-ad-. L_____ i__ e___ H__________ L-n-o- i-t e-n- H-u-t-t-d-. --------------------------- London ist eine Hauptstadt. 0
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities. M--ri- --d-----i- si-- -uch --u-----d--. M_____ u__ B_____ s___ a___ H___________ M-d-i- u-d B-r-i- s-n- a-c- H-u-t-t-d-e- ---------------------------------------- Madrid und Berlin sind auch Hauptstädte. 0
Capital cities are big and noisy. Die ---pt----t------ gro----d--aut. D__ H__________ s___ g___ u__ l____ D-e H-u-t-t-d-e s-n- g-o- u-d l-u-. ----------------------------------- Die Hauptstädte sind groß und laut. 0
France is in Europe. Fran-rei-- ----t-in -uro-a. F_________ l____ i_ E______ F-a-k-e-c- l-e-t i- E-r-p-. --------------------------- Frankreich liegt in Europa. 0
Egypt is in Africa. Äg----n--ie-t--n--fr---. Ä______ l____ i_ A______ Ä-y-t-n l-e-t i- A-r-k-. ------------------------ Ägypten liegt in Afrika. 0
Japan is in Asia. J--a--li-gt--- ---e-. J____ l____ i_ A_____ J-p-n l-e-t i- A-i-n- --------------------- Japan liegt in Asien. 0
Canada is in North America. Ka--da l-eg---- Nordamer-ka. K_____ l____ i_ N___________ K-n-d- l-e-t i- N-r-a-e-i-a- ---------------------------- Kanada liegt in Nordamerika. 0
Panama is in Central America. P-n--a-------in-Mi--e----ri--. P_____ l____ i_ M_____________ P-n-m- l-e-t i- M-t-e-a-e-i-a- ------------------------------ Panama liegt in Mittelamerika. 0
Brazil is in South America. Bras----n l-egt-i--Sü--m-r--a. B________ l____ i_ S__________ B-a-i-i-n l-e-t i- S-d-m-r-k-. ------------------------------ Brasilien liegt in Südamerika. 0

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!
Did you know?
Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking. These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!