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en Countries and Languages   »   fr Pays et langues

5 [five]

Countries and Languages

Countries and Languages

5 [cinq]

Pays et langues

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John is from London. J-an-e-t de -on-re-. Jean est de Londres. J-a- e-t d- L-n-r-s- -------------------- Jean est de Londres. 0
London is in Great Britain. L-nd--s e-----tué----G-a----Br-t--n-. Londres est situé en Grande-Bretagne. L-n-r-s e-t s-t-é e- G-a-d---r-t-g-e- ------------------------------------- Londres est situé en Grande-Bretagne. 0
He speaks English. I- -a-le a---ai-. Il parle anglais. I- p-r-e a-g-a-s- ----------------- Il parle anglais. 0
Maria is from Madrid. Ma-ie-e----e Ma-ri-. Marie est de Madrid. M-r-e e-t d- M-d-i-. -------------------- Marie est de Madrid. 0
Madrid is in Spain. Madr-d-e---s-tué ---Es-a---. Madrid est situé en Espagne. M-d-i- e-t s-t-é e- E-p-g-e- ---------------------------- Madrid est situé en Espagne. 0
She speaks Spanish. E--e p---e -spa-no-. Elle parle espagnol. E-l- p-r-e e-p-g-o-. -------------------- Elle parle espagnol. 0
Peter and Martha are from Berlin. Pie-r---t ------ --nt --------n. Pierre et Marthe sont de Berlin. P-e-r- e- M-r-h- s-n- d- B-r-i-. -------------------------------- Pierre et Marthe sont de Berlin. 0
Berlin is in Germany. Be-lin--s- -i--- e--All-m----. Berlin est situé en Allemagne. B-r-i- e-t s-t-é e- A-l-m-g-e- ------------------------------ Berlin est situé en Allemagne. 0
Do both of you speak German? Parl-----us-t-us -es --ux-allem-n--? Parlez-vous tous les deux allemand ? P-r-e---o-s t-u- l-s d-u- a-l-m-n- ? ------------------------------------ Parlez-vous tous les deux allemand ? 0
London is a capital city. Lo--r---e-t ----ca-i----. Londres est une capitale. L-n-r-s e-t u-e c-p-t-l-. ------------------------- Londres est une capitale. 0
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities. M--rid et--er----s-n----ss---e---ap-t-les. Madrid et Berlin sont aussi des capitales. M-d-i- e- B-r-i- s-n- a-s-i d-s c-p-t-l-s- ------------------------------------------ Madrid et Berlin sont aussi des capitales. 0
Capital cities are big and noisy. L-s-c-p----es-son--g-a--es e--bru---te-. Les capitales sont grandes et bruyantes. L-s c-p-t-l-s s-n- g-a-d-s e- b-u-a-t-s- ---------------------------------------- Les capitales sont grandes et bruyantes. 0
France is in Europe. L- -r--c--e-t--i-u----n -ur-p-. La France est située en Europe. L- F-a-c- e-t s-t-é- e- E-r-p-. ------------------------------- La France est située en Europe. 0
Egypt is in Africa. L-Ég-pt--est---------- Afri-u-. L’Égypte est située en Afrique. L-É-y-t- e-t s-t-é- e- A-r-q-e- ------------------------------- L’Égypte est située en Afrique. 0
Japan is in Asia. Le-Jap-n-e-t-si-----n--si-. Le Japon est situé en Asie. L- J-p-n e-t s-t-é e- A-i-. --------------------------- Le Japon est situé en Asie. 0
Canada is in North America. L- C-na-- --t--itué--- A--r-----du -ord. Le Canada est situé en Amérique du Nord. L- C-n-d- e-t s-t-é e- A-é-i-u- d- N-r-. ---------------------------------------- Le Canada est situé en Amérique du Nord. 0
Panama is in Central America. Pa-am--e-- -i--é ---A---iqu------r-le. Panama est situé en Amérique centrale. P-n-m- e-t s-t-é e- A-é-i-u- c-n-r-l-. -------------------------------------- Panama est situé en Amérique centrale. 0
Brazil is in South America. Le--rési----t situ--e- --éri-ue -u Sud. Le Brésil est situé en Amérique du Sud. L- B-é-i- e-t s-t-é e- A-é-i-u- d- S-d- --------------------------------------- Le Brésil est situé en Amérique du Sud. 0

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!
Did you know?
Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking. These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!