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en Countries and Languages   »   fa ‫کشورها و زبانها‬

5 [five]

Countries and Languages

Countries and Languages

‫5 [پنج]‬

5 [panj]

‫کشورها و زبانها‬

[keshvar-hâ va zabân-hâ]

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John is from London. ‫--- -هل--ندن--ست.‬ ‫___ ا__ ل___ ا____ ‫-ا- ا-ل ل-د- ا-ت-‬ ------------------- ‫جان اهل لندن است.‬ 0
j-- a-le-la-d---a-t. j__ a___ l_____ a___ j-n a-l- l-n-a- a-t- -------------------- jân ahle landan ast.
London is in Great Britain. ‫لندن -ر -----تا- است.‬ ‫____ د_ ا_______ ا____ ‫-ن-ن د- ا-گ-س-ا- ا-ت-‬ ----------------------- ‫لندن در انگلستان است.‬ 0
la-dan-da--e-ge--st---g----- d-rad. l_____ d__ e_________ g_____ d_____ l-n-a- d-r e-g-l-s-â- g-a-â- d-r-d- ----------------------------------- landan dar engelestân gharâr dârad.
He speaks English. ‫ا- (---)-ان-لی-ی -حبت--ی--ند.‬ ‫__ (____ ا______ ص___ م______ ‫-و (-ر-) ا-گ-ی-ی ص-ب- م-‌-ن-.- ------------------------------- ‫او (مرد) انگلیسی صحبت می‌کند.‬ 0
o- ---eli-i-s-hb-t m-kon--. o_ e_______ s_____ m_______ o- e-g-l-s- s-h-a- m-k-n-d- --------------------------- oo engelisi sohbat mikonad.
Maria is from Madrid. ‫--ر-ا -ه- م----د -س--‬ ‫_____ ا__ م_____ ا____ ‫-ا-ی- ا-ل م-د-ی- ا-ت-‬ ----------------------- ‫ماریا اهل مادرید است.‬ 0
m-r-â--h-- mâdr-d -s-. m____ a___ m_____ a___ m-r-â a-l- m-d-i- a-t- ---------------------- mâryâ ahle mâdrid ast.
Madrid is in Spain. ‫---رید -ر-اس--نیا-است-‬ ‫______ د_ ا______ ا____ ‫-ا-ر-د د- ا-پ-ن-ا ا-ت-‬ ------------------------ ‫مادرید در اسپانیا است.‬ 0
m--rid---- --pâni- g--r-----r-d, m_____ d__ e______ g_____ d_____ m-d-i- d-r e-p-n-â g-a-â- d-r-d- -------------------------------- mâdrid dar espâniâ gharâr dârad,
She speaks Spanish. ‫او -سپ---ا-- --بت--------‬ ‫__ ا________ ص___ م______ ‫-و ا-پ-ن-ا-ی ص-ب- م-‌-ن-.- --------------------------- ‫او اسپانیایی صحبت می‌کند.‬ 0
oo--s-âni-â-i s-hbat-m----ad. o_ e_________ s_____ m_______ o- e-p-n----- s-h-a- m-k-n-d- ----------------------------- oo espâni-â-i sohbat mikonad.
Peter and Martha are from Berlin. ‫پ--ر-- ---ت- اه--ب-لی-----ند-‬ ‫____ و م____ ا__ ب____ ه______ ‫-ی-ر و م-ر-ا ا-ل ب-ل-ن ه-ت-د-‬ ------------------------------- ‫پیتر و مارتا اهل برلین هستند.‬ 0
p---- v- -â----ah-- be-l-n-h-sta-d. p____ v_ m____ a___ b_____ h_______ p-t-r v- m-r-â a-l- b-r-i- h-s-a-d- ----------------------------------- peter va mârtâ ahle berlin hastand.
Berlin is in Germany. ‫ب-ل-- -ر-آلم-- ---.‬ ‫_____ د_ آ____ ا____ ‫-ر-ی- د- آ-م-ن ا-ت-‬ --------------------- ‫برلین در آلمان است.‬ 0
b----n-d-- âl--- -h-r-- -----. b_____ d__ â____ g_____ d_____ b-r-i- d-r â-m-n g-a-â- d-r-d- ------------------------------ berlin dar âlmân gharâr dârad.
Do both of you speak German? ‫ه- دوی-ش---آ--انی صح-----‌ک-ی--‬ ‫__ د__ ش__ آ_____ ص___ م_______ ‫-ر د-ی ش-ا آ-م-ن- ص-ب- م-‌-ن-د-‬ --------------------------------- ‫هر دوی شما آلمانی صحبت می‌کنید؟‬ 0
h-r do--e-shomâ------- sohba- mik--i-? h__ d____ s____ â_____ s_____ m_______ h-r d---e s-o-â â-m-n- s-h-a- m-k-n-d- -------------------------------------- har do-ye shomâ âlmâni sohbat mikonid?
London is a capital city. ‫-ن-ن----پایتخ--اس-.‬ ‫____ ی_ پ_____ ا____ ‫-ن-ن ی- پ-ی-خ- ا-ت-‬ --------------------- ‫لندن یک پایتخت است.‬ 0
lan-----ek pây---kht a--. l_____ y__ p________ a___ l-n-a- y-k p-y-t-k-t a-t- ------------------------- landan yek pâyetakht ast.
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities. ‫-ادر------رلی--هم --یتخ--هستند.‬ ‫______ و ب____ ه_ پ_____ ه______ ‫-ا-ر-د و ب-ل-ن ه- پ-ی-خ- ه-ت-د-‬ --------------------------------- ‫مادرید و برلین هم پایتخت هستند.‬ 0
mâd-id ----erl-n-h------etakh--has---d. m_____ v_ b_____ h__ p________ h_______ m-d-i- v- b-r-i- h-m p-y-t-k-t h-s-a-d- --------------------------------------- mâdrid va berlin ham pâyetakht hastand.
Capital cities are big and noisy. ‫شهر-----پای-----ب--گ - --س--صدا--ست---‬ ‫______ ‫_______ ب___ و پ_______ ه______ ‫-ه-ه-ی ‫-ا-ت-ت- ب-ر- و پ-س-و-د- ه-ت-د-‬ ---------------------------------------- ‫شهرهای ‫پایتخت، بزرگ و پرسروصدا هستند.‬ 0
p--etakh---â --zorg-v--p-r ----o s--- -asta-d. p___________ b_____ v_ p__ s____ s___ h_______ p-y-t-k-t-h- b-z-r- v- p-r s-r-o s-d- h-s-a-d- ---------------------------------------------- pâyetakht-hâ bozorg va por sar-o sedâ hastand.
France is in Europe. ‫-ر-ن-ه-د----و-- -ست.‬ ‫______ د_ ا____ ا____ ‫-ر-ن-ه د- ا-و-ا ا-ت-‬ ---------------------- ‫فرانسه در اروپا است.‬ 0
f-r--ce---r---up- gh---r-d----. f______ d__ o____ g_____ d_____ f-r-n-e d-r o-u-â g-a-â- d-r-d- ------------------------------- farânce dar orupâ gharâr dârad.
Egypt is in Africa. ‫م-ر--- آف-یق- -س-.‬ ‫___ د_ آ_____ ا____ ‫-ص- د- آ-ر-ق- ا-ت-‬ -------------------- ‫مصر در آفریقا است.‬ 0
mes---ar-â--i-h--g-a-âr--â-a-. m___ d__ â______ g_____ d_____ m-s- d-r â-r-g-â g-a-â- d-r-d- ------------------------------ mesr dar âfrighâ gharâr dârad.
Japan is in Asia. ‫ژ-پن -ر--س---ا--.‬ ‫____ د_ آ___ ا____ ‫-ا-ن د- آ-ی- ا-ت-‬ ------------------- ‫ژاپن در آسیا است.‬ 0
jâp-n ----â--â ---r-- dâ-ad. j____ d__ â___ g_____ d_____ j-p-n d-r â-i- g-a-â- d-r-d- ---------------------------- jâpon dar âsiâ gharâr dârad.
Canada is in North America. ‫---اد- -- --ر---ی شم-لی-ا--.‬ ‫______ د_ آ______ ش____ ا____ ‫-ا-ا-ا د- آ-ر-ک-ی ش-ا-ی ا-ت-‬ ------------------------------ ‫کانادا در آمریکای شمالی است.‬ 0
kânâd----- -m--i-â--- --om-li gh-râr-dâr--. k_____ d__ â_________ s______ g_____ d_____ k-n-d- d-r â-i-i-â-y- s-o-â-i g-a-â- d-r-d- ------------------------------------------- kânâdâ dar âmirikâ-ye shomâli gharâr dârad.
Panama is in Central America. ‫پا---ا-د- ---یکا- م--ز- اس-.‬ ‫______ د_ آ______ م____ ا____ ‫-ا-ا-ا د- آ-ر-ک-ی م-ک-ی ا-ت-‬ ------------------------------ ‫پاناما در آمریکای مرکزی است.‬ 0
pâ-â-- da-------â-y- --r-azi-gh-râ- dâ-a-. p_____ d__ â________ m______ g_____ d_____ p-n-m- d-r â-r-k---e m-r-a-i g-a-â- d-r-d- ------------------------------------------ pânâmâ dar âmrikâ-ye markazi gharâr dârad.
Brazil is in South America. ‫ب---ل -ر آ-ری-ای-جن-بی است.‬ ‫_____ د_ آ______ ج____ ا____ ‫-ر-ی- د- آ-ر-ک-ی ج-و-ی ا-ت-‬ ----------------------------- ‫برزیل در آمریکای جنوبی است.‬ 0
b-re--l--ar-â--i-â-y--jon-------râ--dâ-ad. b______ d__ â________ j_____ g_____ d_____ b-r-z-l d-r â-r-k---e j-n-b- g-a-â- d-r-d- ------------------------------------------ berezil dar âmrikâ-ye jonubi gharâr dârad.

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!
Did you know?
Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking. These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!