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5 [five]

Countries and Languages

Countries and Languages

‫5 [חמש]‬

5 [xamesh]

‫מדינות ושפות‬

[medinot w'ssafot]

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John is from London. ‫-’ו--מלונדון / --ו- ה-- -------‬ ‫ג’ון מלונדון / ג’ון הוא לונדוני‬ ‫-’-ן מ-ו-ד-ן / ג-ו- ה-א ל-נ-ו-י- --------------------------------- ‫ג’ון מלונדון / ג’ון הוא לונדוני‬ 0
j----ilon--n/j-n-h- l-ndo-i jon milondon/jon hu londoni j-n m-l-n-o-/-o- h- l-n-o-i --------------------------- jon milondon/jon hu londoni
London is in Great Britain. ‫לונ-ו- --צ-ת ב----נ-ה-‬ ‫לונדון נמצאת בבריטניה.‬ ‫-ו-ד-ן נ-צ-ת ב-ר-ט-י-.- ------------------------ ‫לונדון נמצאת בבריטניה.‬ 0
london-----s--t b------ni-h. london nimts'et b'vritaniah. l-n-o- n-m-s-e- b-v-i-a-i-h- ---------------------------- london nimts'et b'vritaniah.
He speaks English. ‫--א---ב--א-ג-י--‬ ‫הוא מדבר אנגלית.‬ ‫-ו- מ-ב- א-ג-י-.- ------------------ ‫הוא מדבר אנגלית.‬ 0
hu m--ab-r-an-li-. hu medaber anglit. h- m-d-b-r a-g-i-. ------------------ hu medaber anglit.
Maria is from Madrid. ‫-ר-- -מ----.‬ ‫מריה ממדריד.‬ ‫-ר-ה מ-ד-י-.- -------------- ‫מריה ממדריד.‬ 0
mar----m-m--ri-. mariah mimadrid. m-r-a- m-m-d-i-. ---------------- mariah mimadrid.
Madrid is in Spain. ‫--ריד-נמ-א- בספ---‬ ‫מדריד נמצאת בספרד.‬ ‫-ד-י- נ-צ-ת ב-פ-ד-‬ -------------------- ‫מדריד נמצאת בספרד.‬ 0
m--r-d -i--se'- b'sfa--d. madrid nimtse't b'sfarad. m-d-i- n-m-s-'- b-s-a-a-. ------------------------- madrid nimtse't b'sfarad.
She speaks Spanish. ‫-יא-מ---ת-ס-רדי--‬ ‫היא מדברת ספרדית.‬ ‫-י- מ-ב-ת ס-ר-י-.- ------------------- ‫היא מדברת ספרדית.‬ 0
hi-m---be-e--sf--a--t. hi medaberet sfaradit. h- m-d-b-r-t s-a-a-i-. ---------------------- hi medaberet sfaradit.
Peter and Martha are from Berlin. ‫--ר-ומ-תה-----י--‬ ‫פטר ומרתה מברלין.‬ ‫-ט- ו-ר-ה מ-ר-י-.- ------------------- ‫פטר ומרתה מברלין.‬ 0
p-t-- umartah mi-erlin. peter umartah miberlin. p-t-r u-a-t-h m-b-r-i-. ----------------------- peter umartah miberlin.
Berlin is in Germany. ‫ב-לי- נ---ת ---מנ--.‬ ‫ברלין נמצאת בגרמניה.‬ ‫-ר-י- נ-צ-ת ב-ר-נ-ה-‬ ---------------------- ‫ברלין נמצאת בגרמניה.‬ 0
b--l-- --mts'et -'--r--ni-h. berlin nimts'et b'germaniah. b-r-i- n-m-s-e- b-g-r-a-i-h- ---------------------------- berlin nimts'et b'germaniah.
Do both of you speak German? ‫-ניכ----ברים --מנית?‬ ‫שניכם מדברים גרמנית?‬ ‫-נ-כ- מ-ב-י- ג-מ-י-?- ---------------------- ‫שניכם מדברים גרמנית?‬ 0
sh-eykhem -e---rim-germa---? shneykhem medabrim germanit? s-n-y-h-m m-d-b-i- g-r-a-i-? ---------------------------- shneykhem medabrim germanit?
London is a capital city. ‫ל-נד---ה----י- ביר-.‬ ‫לונדון היא עיר בירה.‬ ‫-ו-ד-ן ה-א ע-ר ב-ר-.- ---------------------- ‫לונדון היא עיר בירה.‬ 0
lon-on hi-i----r--. london hi ir birah. l-n-o- h- i- b-r-h- ------------------- london hi ir birah.
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities. ‫מ---- -בר--ן-ה--גם--ר- ב-רה.‬ ‫מדריד וברלין הן גם ערי בירה.‬ ‫-ד-י- ו-ר-י- ה- ג- ע-י ב-ר-.- ------------------------------ ‫מדריד וברלין הן גם ערי בירה.‬ 0
m----d-u------ h-- gam--rey-bi-a-. madrid uberlin hen gam arey birah. m-d-i- u-e-l-n h-n g-m a-e- b-r-h- ---------------------------------- madrid uberlin hen gam arey birah.
Capital cities are big and noisy. ‫--- --יר---דול---ו-וע----‬ ‫ערי הבירה גדולות ורועשות.‬ ‫-ר- ה-י-ה ג-ו-ו- ו-ו-ש-ת-‬ --------------------------- ‫ערי הבירה גדולות ורועשות.‬ 0
a----habi-a---do-o- -'----shot. arey habirah gdolot w'ro'ashot. a-e- h-b-r-h g-o-o- w-r-'-s-o-. ------------------------------- arey habirah gdolot w'ro'ashot.
France is in Europe. ‫--פ- -מ--ת בא-ר--ה.‬ ‫צרפת נמצאת באירופה.‬ ‫-ר-ת נ-צ-ת ב-י-ו-ה-‬ --------------------- ‫צרפת נמצאת באירופה.‬ 0
t-a-f-- --mts'e- --'ey--op--. tsarfat nimts'et be'eyuropah. t-a-f-t n-m-s-e- b-'-y-r-p-h- ----------------------------- tsarfat nimts'et be'eyuropah.
Egypt is in Africa. ‫--ר---נמ--- -א-ר----‬ ‫מצרים נמצאת באפריקה.‬ ‫-צ-י- נ-צ-ת ב-פ-י-ה-‬ ---------------------- ‫מצרים נמצאת באפריקה.‬ 0
mi--r--m--i-t---t--e--fr--ah. mitsraim nimts'et be'afriqah. m-t-r-i- n-m-s-e- b-'-f-i-a-. ----------------------------- mitsraim nimts'et be'afriqah.
Japan is in Asia. ‫--ן-נ-צ-ת--אסי-.‬ ‫יפן נמצאת באסיה.‬ ‫-פ- נ-צ-ת ב-ס-ה-‬ ------------------ ‫יפן נמצאת באסיה.‬ 0
y---n -i------ -e------. yapan nimts'et be'asiah. y-p-n n-m-s-e- b-'-s-a-. ------------------------ yapan nimts'et be'asiah.
Canada is in North America. ‫-נדה--מ-----צ--- א---קה-‬ ‫קנדה נמצאת בצפון אמריקה.‬ ‫-נ-ה נ-צ-ת ב-פ-ן א-ר-ק-.- -------------------------- ‫קנדה נמצאת בצפון אמריקה.‬ 0
q------ --m--'----it--o- -m-ri-a-. qanadah nimts'et bitsfon ameriqah. q-n-d-h n-m-s-e- b-t-f-n a-e-i-a-. ---------------------------------- qanadah nimts'et bitsfon ameriqah.
Panama is in Central America. ‫פ-מ--נ-צ----מרכ- א-רי-ה-/ --------המרכז---‬ ‫פנמה נמצאת במרכז אמריקה / באמריקה המרכזית.‬ ‫-נ-ה נ-צ-ת ב-ר-ז א-ר-ק- / ב-מ-י-ה ה-ר-ז-ת-‬ -------------------------------------------- ‫פנמה נמצאת במרכז אמריקה / באמריקה המרכזית.‬ 0
p------ n---s-----'m----z -m--iqa-/b'-m--iqa- --m--ka-i-. panamah nimts'et b'merkaz ameriqah/b'ameriqah hamerkazit. p-n-m-h n-m-s-e- b-m-r-a- a-e-i-a-/-'-m-r-q-h h-m-r-a-i-. --------------------------------------------------------- panamah nimts'et b'merkaz ameriqah/b'ameriqah hamerkazit.
Brazil is in South America. ‫ב-זי- -מצאת -ד-ו- א-ר---.‬ ‫ברזיל נמצאת בדרום אמריקה.‬ ‫-ר-י- נ-צ-ת ב-ר-ם א-ר-ק-.- --------------------------- ‫ברזיל נמצאת בדרום אמריקה.‬ 0
braz-l -i-ts--- -'dr----meriq--. brazil nimts'et b'drom ameriqah. b-a-i- n-m-s-e- b-d-o- a-e-i-a-. -------------------------------- brazil nimts'et b'drom ameriqah.

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!
Did you know?
Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking. These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!