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5 [five]

Countries and Languages

Countries and Languages

5 [cinci]

Ţări şi limbi

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John is from London. Joh- est- d-n --nd--. John este din Londra. J-h- e-t- d-n L-n-r-. --------------------- John este din Londra. 0
London is in Great Britain. Londr---ste--n Marea-----a-i-. Londra este în Marea Britanie. L-n-r- e-t- î- M-r-a B-i-a-i-. ------------------------------ Londra este în Marea Britanie. 0
He speaks English. E- -o-b--te engl--a. El vorbeşte engleza. E- v-r-e-t- e-g-e-a- -------------------- El vorbeşte engleza. 0
Maria is from Madrid. M---a--s-- --- Ma-r--. Maria este din Madrid. M-r-a e-t- d-n M-d-i-. ---------------------- Maria este din Madrid. 0
Madrid is in Spain. Ma--i---s-e în S-a--a. Madrid este în Spania. M-d-i- e-t- î- S-a-i-. ---------------------- Madrid este în Spania. 0
She speaks Spanish. Ea-v-r-e-t- s-a-io-a. Ea vorbeşte spaniola. E- v-r-e-t- s-a-i-l-. --------------------- Ea vorbeşte spaniola. 0
Peter and Martha are from Berlin. Pe--r ş- ---tha -unt d-n B-r-in. Peter şi Martha sunt din Berlin. P-t-r ş- M-r-h- s-n- d-n B-r-i-. -------------------------------- Peter şi Martha sunt din Berlin. 0
Berlin is in Germany. Berlin -s-e----G-rman-a. Berlin este în Germania. B-r-i- e-t- î- G-r-a-i-. ------------------------ Berlin este în Germania. 0
Do both of you speak German? Amân--- v---iţi -er--n-? Amândoi vorbiţi germană? A-â-d-i v-r-i-i g-r-a-ă- ------------------------ Amândoi vorbiţi germană? 0
London is a capital city. Londra este-o c-pita-ă. Londra este o capitală. L-n-r- e-t- o c-p-t-l-. ----------------------- Londra este o capitală. 0
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities. Şi -adri---i-B--l-n-sun- ca-ital-. Şi Madrid şi Berlin sunt capitale. Ş- M-d-i- ş- B-r-i- s-n- c-p-t-l-. ---------------------------------- Şi Madrid şi Berlin sunt capitale. 0
Capital cities are big and noisy. Ca--talel- ---t-m-ri-----g-mot--s-. Capitalele sunt mari şi zgomotoase. C-p-t-l-l- s-n- m-r- ş- z-o-o-o-s-. ----------------------------------- Capitalele sunt mari şi zgomotoase. 0
France is in Europe. F-anţa-se --lă-----uro--. Franţa se află în Europa. F-a-ţ- s- a-l- î- E-r-p-. ------------------------- Franţa se află în Europa. 0
Egypt is in Africa. E--pt -- a----în A---c-. Egipt se află în Africa. E-i-t s- a-l- î- A-r-c-. ------------------------ Egipt se află în Africa. 0
Japan is in Asia. J----ia-se---l---n --ia. Japonia se află în Asia. J-p-n-a s- a-l- î- A-i-. ------------------------ Japonia se află în Asia. 0
Canada is in North America. Ca-a-- s- --lă----Ame--c--d- -ord. Canada se află în America de Nord. C-n-d- s- a-l- î- A-e-i-a d- N-r-. ---------------------------------- Canada se află în America de Nord. 0
Panama is in Central America. Pa---- se--fl- î---m-ri-a C-nt--l-. Panama se află în America Centrală. P-n-m- s- a-l- î- A-e-i-a C-n-r-l-. ----------------------------------- Panama se află în America Centrală. 0
Brazil is in South America. Braz---a ----f---î--Ame---- de-S-d. Brazilia se află în America de Sud. B-a-i-i- s- a-l- î- A-e-i-a d- S-d- ----------------------------------- Brazilia se află în America de Sud. 0

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!
Did you know?
Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking. These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!