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5 [five]

Countries and Languages

Countries and Languages

5 [penki]

Šalys ir kalbos

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John is from London. D-o--s--r--iš -on---o. D----- y-- i- L------- D-o-a- y-a i- L-n-o-o- ---------------------- Džonas yra iš Londono. 0
London is in Great Britain. Lo-d-n-- -r- --dži---je --ita--jo-e. L------- y-- D--------- B----------- L-n-o-a- y-a D-d-i-j-j- B-i-a-i-o-e- ------------------------------------ Londonas yra Didžiojoje Britanijoje. 0
He speaks English. J-- k-lba -n--i-k-i. J-- k---- a--------- J-s k-l-a a-g-i-k-i- -------------------- Jis kalba angliškai. 0
Maria is from Madrid. M-r-ja -ra i----dri-o. M----- y-- i- M------- M-r-j- y-a i- M-d-i-o- ---------------------- Marija yra iš Madrido. 0
Madrid is in Spain. Madr--a- --a Is-a-ijo--. M------- y-- I---------- M-d-i-a- y-a I-p-n-j-j-. ------------------------ Madridas yra Ispanijoje. 0
She speaks Spanish. Ji-k-l-----pa---k--. J- k---- i---------- J- k-l-a i-p-n-š-a-. -------------------- Ji kalba ispaniškai. 0
Peter and Martha are from Berlin. P-t-ris-i- M-r-- yra -- -e-ly--. P------ i- M---- y-- i- B------- P-t-r-s i- M-r-a y-a i- B-r-y-o- -------------------------------- Pėteris ir Marta yra iš Berlyno. 0
Berlin is in Germany. Berl-n-s --a Vok-eti---e. B------- y-- V----------- B-r-y-a- y-a V-k-e-i-o-e- ------------------------- Berlynas yra Vokietijoje. 0
Do both of you speak German? Ar (---- -b----l-----v-ki--ai? A- (---- a-- k------ v-------- A- (-ū-) a-u k-l-a-e v-k-š-a-? ------------------------------ Ar (jūs) abu kalbate vokiškai? 0
London is a capital city. L-n-o--s yra s-s--n-. L------- y-- s------- L-n-o-a- y-a s-s-i-ė- --------------------- Londonas yra sostinė. 0
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities. M-drida- -- Berlynas---- taip-p------t----. M------- i- B------- y-- t--- p-- s-------- M-d-i-a- i- B-r-y-a- y-a t-i- p-t s-s-i-ė-. ------------------------------------------- Madridas ir Berlynas yra taip pat sostinės. 0
Capital cities are big and noisy. S--t-n-s-yra -ide-ės-i---r--kš-ingo-. S------- y-- d------ i- t------------ S-s-i-ė- y-a d-d-l-s i- t-i-k-m-n-o-. ------------------------------------- Sostinės yra didelės ir triukšmingos. 0
France is in Europe. Pr-n-ū-i-- -ra E--op---. P--------- y-- E-------- P-a-c-z-j- y-a E-r-p-j-. ------------------------ Prancūzija yra Europoje. 0
Egypt is in Africa. Eg-pt-- -ra Afri-o-e. E------ y-- A-------- E-i-t-s y-a A-r-k-j-. --------------------- Egiptas yra Afrikoje. 0
Japan is in Asia. Jap--ij----- --i-o--. J------- y-- A------- J-p-n-j- y-a A-i-o-e- --------------------- Japonija yra Azijoje. 0
Canada is in North America. K--------- --a--ė- A-er--o--. K----- y-- Š------ A--------- K-n-d- y-a Š-a-r-s A-e-i-o-e- ----------------------------- Kanada yra Šiaurės Amerikoje. 0
Panama is in Central America. P--a-a y-a Vi-urio-A--ri-o--. P----- y-- V------ A--------- P-n-m- y-a V-d-r-o A-e-i-o-e- ----------------------------- Panama yra Vidurio Amerikoje. 0
Brazil is in South America. Brazili-a yr- P-e----m-ri-oje. B-------- y-- P---- A--------- B-a-i-i-a y-a P-e-ų A-e-i-o-e- ------------------------------ Brazilija yra Pietų Amerikoje. 0

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!
Did you know?
Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking. These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!