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5 [five]

Countries and Languages

Countries and Languages

5 [pet]

Dežele in jeziki

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John is from London. Jo----e i--Londo-a. J___ j_ i_ L_______ J-h- j- i- L-n-o-a- ------------------- John je iz Londona. 0
London is in Great Britain. L-ndon--e nah--- ---e--k- B-it-ni--. L_____ s_ n_____ v V_____ B_________ L-n-o- s- n-h-j- v V-l-k- B-i-a-i-i- ------------------------------------ London se nahaja v Veliki Britaniji. 0
He speaks English. On g----- --g-e--o. O_ g_____ a________ O- g-v-r- a-g-e-k-. ------------------- On govori angleško. 0
Maria is from Madrid. M-ri----e--- -a-rid-. M_____ j_ i_ M_______ M-r-j- j- i- M-d-i-a- --------------------- Marija je iz Madrida. 0
Madrid is in Spain. M-dr-- se ----j- v -pa--j-. M_____ s_ n_____ v Š_______ M-d-i- s- n-h-j- v Š-a-i-i- --------------------------- Madrid se nahaja v Španiji. 0
She speaks Spanish. O-----v--i--p-nsko. O__ g_____ š_______ O-a g-v-r- š-a-s-o- ------------------- Ona govori špansko. 0
Peter and Martha are from Berlin. Pet-r--n M-----st- iz Ber---a. P____ i_ M____ s__ i_ B_______ P-t-r i- M-r-a s-a i- B-r-i-a- ------------------------------ Peter in Marta sta iz Berlina. 0
Berlin is in Germany. B-rli- -e -a-a---- -e---ji. B_____ s_ n_____ v N_______ B-r-i- s- n-h-j- v N-m-i-i- --------------------------- Berlin se nahaja v Nemčiji. 0
Do both of you speak German? Ali----v----vori---n-mško? A__ v____ g_______ n______ A-i v-d-a g-v-r-t- n-m-k-? -------------------------- Ali vidva govorita nemško? 0
London is a capital city. L-n-o--j- -la-no---s--. L_____ j_ g_____ m_____ L-n-o- j- g-a-n- m-s-o- ----------------------- London je glavno mesto. 0
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities. Ma-r-d--- Ber--n-sta-tudi gl--n- -esta. M_____ i_ B_____ s__ t___ g_____ m_____ M-d-i- i- B-r-i- s-a t-d- g-a-n- m-s-a- --------------------------------------- Madrid in Berlin sta tudi glavna mesta. 0
Capital cities are big and noisy. G--v-a-m-s---s--v----- -- b--na. G_____ m____ s_ v_____ i_ b_____ G-a-n- m-s-a s- v-l-k- i- b-č-a- -------------------------------- Glavna mesta so velika in bučna. 0
France is in Europe. F-a---j- se-n-h-ja v-Ev-op-. F_______ s_ n_____ v E______ F-a-c-j- s- n-h-j- v E-r-p-. ---------------------------- Francija se nahaja v Evropi. 0
Egypt is in Africa. Egi-t se n---j--v A--i-i. E____ s_ n_____ v A______ E-i-t s- n-h-j- v A-r-k-. ------------------------- Egipt se nahaja v Afriki. 0
Japan is in Asia. Ja-on--a-s- nah-j--v---ij-. J_______ s_ n_____ v A_____ J-p-n-k- s- n-h-j- v A-i-i- --------------------------- Japonska se nahaja v Aziji. 0
Canada is in North America. K----a----n------- Se--r-i --e----. K_____ s_ n_____ v S______ A_______ K-n-d- s- n-h-j- v S-v-r-i A-e-i-i- ----------------------------------- Kanada se nahaja v Severni Ameriki. 0
Panama is in Central America. P--a-a s- nah--a-- --edn-i Am-riki. P_____ s_ n_____ v S______ A_______ P-n-m- s- n-h-j- v S-e-n-i A-e-i-i- ----------------------------------- Panama se nahaja v Srednji Ameriki. 0
Brazil is in South America. Brazi---a s- nah--- v --ž-i Amer---. B________ s_ n_____ v J____ A_______ B-a-i-i-a s- n-h-j- v J-ž-i A-e-i-i- ------------------------------------ Brazilija se nahaja v Južni Ameriki. 0

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!
Did you know?
Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking. These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!