Phrasebook

en Countries and Languages   »   bg Страни и езици

5 [five]

Countries and Languages

Countries and Languages

5 [пет]

5 [pet]

Страни и езици

[Strani i yezitsi]

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John is from London. Д-о- е о- Ло----. Джон е от Лондон. Д-о- е о- Л-н-о-. ----------------- Джон е от Лондон. 0
Dzhon -e -t-L--do-. Dzhon ye ot London. D-h-n y- o- L-n-o-. ------------------- Dzhon ye ot London.
London is in Great Britain. Ло-д-н се нам-р---ъ- Вел--обри-а---. Лондон се намира във Великобритания. Л-н-о- с- н-м-р- в-в В-л-к-б-и-а-и-. ------------------------------------ Лондон се намира във Великобритания. 0
L-n-o--s----mir- v----e--k-brit---ya. London se namira vyv Velikobritaniya. L-n-o- s- n-m-r- v-v V-l-k-b-i-a-i-a- ------------------------------------- London se namira vyv Velikobritaniya.
He speaks English. Т-й -о-о-и-ан-лийски. Той говори английски. Т-й г-в-р- а-г-и-с-и- --------------------- Той говори английски. 0
T-y g----- an-liyski. Toy govori angliyski. T-y g-v-r- a-g-i-s-i- --------------------- Toy govori angliyski.
Maria is from Madrid. Ма-ия---о--Ма----. Мария е от Мадрид. М-р-я е о- М-д-и-. ------------------ Мария е от Мадрид. 0
Mar----ye -- -adri-. Mariya ye ot Madrid. M-r-y- y- o- M-d-i-. -------------------- Mariya ye ot Madrid.
Madrid is in Spain. М--рид-се на-и-а в И-п-ни-. Мадрид се намира в Испания. М-д-и- с- н-м-р- в И-п-н-я- --------------------------- Мадрид се намира в Испания. 0
M--r-d -e---m--- v I-----ya. Madrid se namira v Ispaniya. M-d-i- s- n-m-r- v I-p-n-y-. ---------------------------- Madrid se namira v Ispaniya.
She speaks Spanish. Тя-го-ори-и-п--ски. Тя говори испански. Т- г-в-р- и-п-н-к-. ------------------- Тя говори испански. 0
Ty----vo---i----sk-. Tya govori ispanski. T-a g-v-r- i-p-n-k-. -------------------- Tya govori ispanski.
Peter and Martha are from Berlin. П---р-и ---т- -- о----р--н. Петер и Марта са от Берлин. П-т-р и М-р-а с- о- Б-р-и-. --------------------------- Петер и Марта са от Берлин. 0
P-t-- --M--t- -- ot -er---. Peter i Marta sa ot Berlin. P-t-r i M-r-a s- o- B-r-i-. --------------------------- Peter i Marta sa ot Berlin.
Berlin is in Germany. Бе-лин----на--р- в Г--ма---. Берлин се намира в Германия. Б-р-и- с- н-м-р- в Г-р-а-и-. ---------------------------- Берлин се намира в Германия. 0
B-r--n-s--n-m--a - --rman-ya. Berlin se namira v Germaniya. B-r-i- s- n-m-r- v G-r-a-i-a- ----------------------------- Berlin se namira v Germaniya.
Do both of you speak German? Ви- д-ама-а-г-во-и-- -и--ем-ки? Вие двамата говорите ли немски? В-е д-а-а-а г-в-р-т- л- н-м-к-? ------------------------------- Вие двамата говорите ли немски? 0
Vi--d-a---a-go--rit- li-ne-ski? Vie dvamata govorite li nemski? V-e d-a-a-a g-v-r-t- l- n-m-k-? ------------------------------- Vie dvamata govorite li nemski?
London is a capital city. Лон--н --столиц-. Лондон е столица. Л-н-о- е с-о-и-а- ----------------- Лондон е столица. 0
Lon------ ---litsa. London ye stolitsa. L-n-o- y- s-o-i-s-. ------------------- London ye stolitsa.
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities. М-д----и--ерлин -ъщо--а--то---и. Мадрид и Берлин също са столици. М-д-и- и Б-р-и- с-щ- с- с-о-и-и- -------------------------------- Мадрид и Берлин също са столици. 0
M---id---Ber--n--ys-ch- ------li---. Madrid i Berlin syshcho sa stolitsi. M-d-i- i B-r-i- s-s-c-o s- s-o-i-s-. ------------------------------------ Madrid i Berlin syshcho sa stolitsi.
Capital cities are big and noisy. Ст-лиц----са г-л--и-и--ум-и. Столиците са големи и шумни. С-о-и-и-е с- г-л-м- и ш-м-и- ---------------------------- Столиците са големи и шумни. 0
S-oli--i-- sa-g-l-m-----h-m--. Stolitsite sa golemi i shumni. S-o-i-s-t- s- g-l-m- i s-u-n-. ------------------------------ Stolitsite sa golemi i shumni.
France is in Europe. Ф-а-ц-я се намир--в Е--оп-. Франция се намира в Европа. Ф-а-ц-я с- н-м-р- в Е-р-п-. --------------------------- Франция се намира в Европа. 0
F-antsiya--e-n--ir--v ---r-p-. Frantsiya se namira v Yevropa. F-a-t-i-a s- n-m-r- v Y-v-o-a- ------------------------------ Frantsiya se namira v Yevropa.
Egypt is in Africa. Е-ип-т с- -а--р--- Аф--ка. Египет се намира в Африка. Е-и-е- с- н-м-р- в А-р-к-. -------------------------- Египет се намира в Африка. 0
E----- -- n-m-ra --Af-ik-. Egipet se namira v Afrika. E-i-e- s- n-m-r- v A-r-k-. -------------------------- Egipet se namira v Afrika.
Japan is in Asia. Япония-с- н-ми-а-в Ази-. Япония се намира в Азия. Я-о-и- с- н-м-р- в А-и-. ------------------------ Япония се намира в Азия. 0
Yap-n-ya-se -am----- -z---. Yaponiya se namira v Aziya. Y-p-n-y- s- n-m-r- v A-i-a- --------------------------- Yaponiya se namira v Aziya.
Canada is in North America. К----а -е -а---- - С-в-рн- А----ка. Канада се намира в Северна Америка. К-н-д- с- н-м-р- в С-в-р-а А-е-и-а- ----------------------------------- Канада се намира в Северна Америка. 0
Kan-d- ----am-ra-v Sever-a--m--ika. Kanada se namira v Severna Amerika. K-n-d- s- n-m-r- v S-v-r-a A-e-i-a- ----------------------------------- Kanada se namira v Severna Amerika.
Panama is in Central America. П-н-м--с-----ир--- -----ал-а -м---ка. Панама се намира в Централна Америка. П-н-м- с- н-м-р- в Ц-н-р-л-а А-е-и-а- ------------------------------------- Панама се намира в Централна Америка. 0
P-n--- -e -a--r--- Ts-ntra--a---e--k-. Panama se namira v Tsentralna Amerika. P-n-m- s- n-m-r- v T-e-t-a-n- A-e-i-a- -------------------------------------- Panama se namira v Tsentralna Amerika.
Brazil is in South America. Бр--ил-- се н--ир- - -ж-а----ри-а. Бразилия се намира в Южна Америка. Б-а-и-и- с- н-м-р- в Ю-н- А-е-и-а- ---------------------------------- Бразилия се намира в Южна Америка. 0
Br-ziliy- s- -a-ira-- --z--- A--rik-. Braziliya se namira v Yuzhna Amerika. B-a-i-i-a s- n-m-r- v Y-z-n- A-e-i-a- ------------------------------------- Braziliya se namira v Yuzhna Amerika.

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!
Did you know?
Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking. These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!