Phrasebook

en Small Talk 3   »   zh 简单对话3

22 [twenty-two]

Small Talk 3

Small Talk 3

22[二十二]

22 [Èrshí\'èr]

简单对话3

[jiǎndān duìhuà 3]

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Do you smoke? 您 吸烟 吗-? 您 吸_ 吗 ? 您 吸- 吗 ? -------- 您 吸烟 吗 ? 0
ní- --y----a? n__ x____ m__ n-n x-y-n m-? ------------- nín xīyān ma?
I used to. 以前 -(-吸---。 以_ 是_____ 。 以- 是-我-烟- 。 ----------- 以前 是(我吸烟) 。 0
Yǐ---n---- -wǒ x-yān). Y_____ s__ (__ x______ Y-q-á- s-ì (-ǒ x-y-n-. ---------------------- Yǐqián shì (wǒ xīyān).
But I don’t smoke anymore. 但是-- -在-不吸了 。 但_ 我 现_ 不__ 。 但- 我 现- 不-了 。 ------------- 但是 我 现在 不吸了 。 0
Dà---ì wǒ-xi---ài-b- -ī--. D_____ w_ x______ b_ x____ D-n-h- w- x-à-z-i b- x-l-. -------------------------- Dànshì wǒ xiànzài bù xīle.
Does it disturb you if I smoke? 我----会--- - --? 我 吸_ 会 打_ 您 吗 ? 我 吸- 会 打- 您 吗 ? --------------- 我 吸烟 会 打扰 您 吗 ? 0
Wǒ xī-ān h-ì-dǎ----ní- -a? W_ x____ h__ d____ n__ m__ W- x-y-n h-ì d-r-o n-n m-? -------------------------- Wǒ xīyān huì dǎrǎo nín ma?
No, absolutely not. 不--绝对 不--。 不_ 绝_ 不_ 。 不- 绝- 不- 。 ---------- 不, 绝对 不会 。 0
B-- -u--u- b- ---. B__ j_____ b_ h___ B-, j-é-u- b- h-ì- ------------------ Bù, juéduì bù huì.
It doesn’t disturb me. 这 不 -- - 。 这 不 打_ 我 。 这 不 打- 我 。 ---------- 这 不 打扰 我 。 0
Zh--bù-----o--ǒ. Z__ b_ d____ w__ Z-è b- d-r-o w-. ---------------- Zhè bù dǎrǎo wǒ.
Will you drink something? 您--点--么---? 您 喝_ 什_ 吗 ? 您 喝- 什- 吗 ? ----------- 您 喝点 什么 吗 ? 0
N-- -ē di-n-s-én-e -a? N__ h_ d___ s_____ m__ N-n h- d-ǎ- s-é-m- m-? ---------------------- Nín hē diǎn shénme ma?
A brandy? 一杯---g--c-法国白-地酒- ? 一_ C_____________ ? 一- C-g-a-(-国-兰-酒- ? ------------------- 一杯 Cognac(法国白兰地酒) ? 0
Yībē--C-g-ac----u- --ilá--ì -iǔ)? Y____ C___________ b_______ j____ Y-b-i C-g-a-(-à-u- b-i-á-d- j-ǔ-? --------------------------------- Yībēi Cognac(fàguó báilándì jiǔ)?
No, preferably a beer. 不---------喝-啤--。 不_ 我 更 喜_ 喝 啤_ 。 不- 我 更 喜- 喝 啤- 。 ---------------- 不, 我 更 喜欢 喝 啤酒 。 0
Bù---ǒ -èn- -ǐh--n ----í-iǔ. B__ w_ g___ x_____ h_ p_____ B-, w- g-n- x-h-ā- h- p-j-ǔ- ---------------------------- Bù, wǒ gèng xǐhuān hē píjiǔ.
Do you travel a lot? 您 -- 旅-(出-)-吗 ? 您 经_ 旅_____ 吗 ? 您 经- 旅-(-差- 吗 ? --------------- 您 经常 旅行(出差) 吗 ? 0
Ní- j-n-c-án----xíng-(chūchāi)-m-? N__ j________ l_____ (________ m__ N-n j-n-c-á-g l-x-n- (-h-c-ā-) m-? ---------------------------------- Nín jīngcháng lǚxíng (chūchāi) ma?
Yes, mostly on business trips. 是-----数--- 商务----。 是__ 大__ 都_ 商_ 出_ 。 是-, 大-数 都- 商- 出- 。 ------------------ 是啊, 大多数 都是 商务 出差 。 0
S------dà-du-sh- --u--hì s-ā--wù---ūch--. S__ a_ d_ d_____ d__ s__ s______ c_______ S-ì a- d- d-ō-h- d-u s-ì s-ā-g-ù c-ū-h-i- ----------------------------------------- Shì a, dà duōshù dōu shì shāngwù chūchāi.
But now we’re on holiday. 不过-现在 -- --里-度--。 不_ 现_ 我_ 在__ 度_ 。 不- 现- 我- 在-里 度- 。 ----------------- 不过 现在 我们 在这里 度假 。 0
Bùguò-xiànzài ---e--z-- ---l- d-j--. B____ x______ w____ z__ z____ d_____ B-g-ò x-à-z-i w-m-n z-i z-è-ǐ d-j-à- ------------------------------------ Bùguò xiànzài wǒmen zài zhèlǐ dùjià.
It’s so hot! 好热的-天 - ! 好__ 天 啊 ! 好-的 天 啊 ! --------- 好热的 天 啊 ! 0
H-o-r---- -i----! H__ r_ d_ t___ a_ H-o r- d- t-ā- a- ----------------- Hǎo rè de tiān a!
Yes, today it’s really hot. 是啊---天--的 - -热-。 是__ 今_ 真_ 是 很_ 。 是-, 今- 真- 是 很- 。 ---------------- 是啊, 今天 真的 是 很热 。 0
Sh- -- -ī------zh---d----ì hě- -è. S__ a_ j______ z___ d_ s__ h__ r__ S-ì a- j-n-i-n z-ē- d- s-ì h-n r-. ---------------------------------- Shì a, jīntiān zhēn de shì hěn rè.
Let’s go to the balcony. 我们 - 阳台--- - 。 我_ 到 阳__ 去 吧 。 我- 到 阳-上 去 吧 。 -------------- 我们 到 阳台上 去 吧 。 0
W-m------ -á-g-ái s--ngq----. W____ d__ y______ s______ b__ W-m-n d-o y-n-t-i s-à-g-ù b-. ----------------------------- Wǒmen dào yángtái shàngqù ba.
There’s a party here tomorrow. 明- 这--有 一---会-。 明_ 这_ 有 一_ 聚_ 。 明- 这- 有 一- 聚- 。 --------------- 明天 这里 有 一个 聚会 。 0
M-ngt--- -hè li yǒu yī-è -ù---. M_______ z__ l_ y__ y___ j_____ M-n-t-ā- z-è l- y-u y-g- j-h-ì- ------------------------------- Míngtiān zhè li yǒu yīgè jùhuì.
Are you also coming? 您 - --吗 ? 您 也 来 吗 ? 您 也 来 吗 ? --------- 您 也 来 吗 ? 0
Ní- ---lái---? N__ y_ l__ m__ N-n y- l-i m-? -------------- Nín yě lái ma?
Yes, we’ve also been invited. 是啊, 我--也 -到 --函 - 。 是__ 我_ 也 收_ 邀__ 了 。 是-, 我- 也 收- 邀-函 了 。 ------------------- 是啊, 我们 也 收到 邀请函 了 。 0
Shì a, w--e---ě--h----à- --oqǐ-g---n-e. S__ a_ w____ y_ s___ d__ y______ h_____ S-ì a- w-m-n y- s-ō- d-o y-o-ǐ-g h-n-e- --------------------------------------- Shì a, wǒmen yě shōu dào yāoqǐng hánle.

Language and writing

Each language is used for communication between people. When we speak, we express what we are thinking and feeling. In doing so, we don't always stick to the rules of our language. We use our own language, our vernacular. It's different in written language. Here, all the rules of our language are displayed. Writing is what enables a language to become a real language. It makes language visible. Through writing, thousands of years' worth of knowledge is passed on. This is why writing is the foundation of every sophisticated culture. The first form of writing was invented more than 5,000 years ago. It was the cuneiform writing of the Sumerians. It was carved into slabs of clay. This cuneiform was used for three hundred years. The hieroglyphics of the ancient Egyptians existed for about as long. Countless scientists have devoted their studies to it. Hieroglyphics represent a relatively complicated writing system. However, it was probably invented for a very simple reason. The Egypt of that time was a vast kingdom with many inhabitants. Everyday life and above all the economic system needed to be organized. Taxes and accounting needed to be efficiently managed. For this, the ancient Egyptians developed their graphic characters. Alphabetic writing systems, on the other hand, go back to the Sumerians. Each writing system reveals a great deal about the people who use it. Furthermore, each country shows its own characteristics through its writing. Unfortunately, the art of handwriting is disappearing. Modern technology makes it almost superfluous. So: Don't just speak, keep writing too!
Did you know?
Kannada is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. Kannada is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak Kannada as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. Kannada is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups. The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written Kannada differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, Kannada has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.