Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 4   »   id Di Restoran 4

32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

At the restaurant 4

32 [tiga puluh dua]

Di Restoran 4

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I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup. S-p-rs--k-ntan- ---en-----gan ---s-t-mat. Seporsi kentang goreng dengan saus tomat. S-p-r-i k-n-a-g g-r-n- d-n-a- s-u- t-m-t- ----------------------------------------- Seporsi kentang goreng dengan saus tomat. 0
And two with mayonnaise. D-n--ua -o-si---ng---m--ones. Dan dua porsi dengan mayones. D-n d-a p-r-i d-n-a- m-y-n-s- ----------------------------- Dan dua porsi dengan mayones. 0
And three sausages with mustard. Dan -i-- -o-is -anggan- d--gan-m-s-ar. Dan tiga sosis panggang dengan mustar. D-n t-g- s-s-s p-n-g-n- d-n-a- m-s-a-. -------------------------------------- Dan tiga sosis panggang dengan mustar. 0
What vegetables do you have? Say--an-a-a---ng -n-a -----? Sayuran apa yang Anda punya? S-y-r-n a-a y-n- A-d- p-n-a- ---------------------------- Sayuran apa yang Anda punya? 0
Do you have beans? A--- --n-a -ac-n--ka--ngan? Anda punya kacang-kacangan? A-d- p-n-a k-c-n---a-a-g-n- --------------------------- Anda punya kacang-kacangan? 0
Do you have cauliflower? A-da-p-n-a----b-n----l? Anda punya kembang kol? A-d- p-n-a k-m-a-g k-l- ----------------------- Anda punya kembang kol? 0
I like to eat (sweet) corn. Sa-a s--a--a--n -----g. Saya suka makan jagung. S-y- s-k- m-k-n j-g-n-. ----------------------- Saya suka makan jagung. 0
I like to eat cucumber. Sa-- suka ma---------. Saya suka makan timun. S-y- s-k- m-k-n t-m-n- ---------------------- Saya suka makan timun. 0
I like to eat tomatoes. Saya s--a---kan--omat. Saya suka makan tomat. S-y- s-k- m-k-n t-m-t- ---------------------- Saya suka makan tomat. 0
Do you also like to eat leek? A-a----An-- ju-- --k--makan b---ng prei? Apakah Anda juga suka makan bawang prei? A-a-a- A-d- j-g- s-k- m-k-n b-w-n- p-e-? ---------------------------------------- Apakah Anda juga suka makan bawang prei? 0
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut? Apa-a---nda -ug- suk--m-ka- a-i--n-ku---? Apakah Anda juga suka makan asinan kubis? A-a-a- A-d- j-g- s-k- m-k-n a-i-a- k-b-s- ----------------------------------------- Apakah Anda juga suka makan asinan kubis? 0
Do you also like to eat lentils? A-a-ah-A-da---ga s-ka-----n -a-ang-l-n-il? Apakah Anda juga suka makan kacang lentil? A-a-a- A-d- j-g- s-k- m-k-n k-c-n- l-n-i-? ------------------------------------------ Apakah Anda juga suka makan kacang lentil? 0
Do you also like to eat carrots? A-a------m- -uga suka--akan---rt-l? Apakah kamu juga suka makan wortel? A-a-a- k-m- j-g- s-k- m-k-n w-r-e-? ----------------------------------- Apakah kamu juga suka makan wortel? 0
Do you also like to eat broccoli? Ap-ka--kam- ju-- ---a -akan -rok-li? Apakah kamu juga suka makan brokoli? A-a-a- k-m- j-g- s-k- m-k-n b-o-o-i- ------------------------------------ Apakah kamu juga suka makan brokoli? 0
Do you also like to eat peppers? Apak----am- j-ga--uka m-kan-p-prik-? Apakah kamu juga suka makan paprika? A-a-a- k-m- j-g- s-k- m-k-n p-p-i-a- ------------------------------------ Apakah kamu juga suka makan paprika? 0
I don’t like onions. Saya-ti------k- b--ang -o--a-. Saya tidak suka bawang bombay. S-y- t-d-k s-k- b-w-n- b-m-a-. ------------------------------ Saya tidak suka bawang bombay. 0
I don’t like olives. Sa-- t--a- -u-a---ah--a---n. Saya tidak suka buah zaitun. S-y- t-d-k s-k- b-a- z-i-u-. ---------------------------- Saya tidak suka buah zaitun. 0
I don’t like mushrooms. S-ya tida- s--a-j-m--. Saya tidak suka jamur. S-y- t-d-k s-k- j-m-r- ---------------------- Saya tidak suka jamur. 0

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant . Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!
Did you know?
Punjabi is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. Punjabi is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. Punjabi is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition. Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. Punjabi is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In Punjabi, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes Punjabi that much more appealing!