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13 [thirteen]



13 [tiga belas]


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What does Martha do? Ap----ke-jaan-M-r-h-? Apa pekerjaan Martha? A-a p-k-r-a-n M-r-h-? --------------------- Apa pekerjaan Martha? 0
She works at an office. D----e-erja di ----o-. Dia bekerja di kantor. D-a b-k-r-a d- k-n-o-. ---------------------- Dia bekerja di kantor. 0
She works on the computer. D----ek-rja-dengan--ompu--r. Dia bekerja dengan komputer. D-a b-k-r-a d-n-a- k-m-u-e-. ---------------------------- Dia bekerja dengan komputer. 0
Where is Martha? Di m-n--M-r-h-? Di mana Martha? D- m-n- M-r-h-? --------------- Di mana Martha? 0
At the cinema. D--b-o-k--. Di bioskop. D- b-o-k-p- ----------- Di bioskop. 0
She is watching a film. D-a sed--g----on-on-fi--. Dia sedang menonton film. D-a s-d-n- m-n-n-o- f-l-. ------------------------- Dia sedang menonton film. 0
What does Peter do? Ap- a--iv-tas P-t-r? Apa aktivitas Peter? A-a a-t-v-t-s P-t-r- -------------------- Apa aktivitas Peter? 0
He studies at the university. D----e--j----------e--it--. Dia belajar di universitas. D-a b-l-j-r d- u-i-e-s-t-s- --------------------------- Dia belajar di universitas. 0
He studies languages. D-- ---a--r ba---a. Dia belajar bahasa. D-a b-l-j-r b-h-s-. ------------------- Dia belajar bahasa. 0
Where is Peter? Di -ana-Peter? Di mana Peter? D- m-n- P-t-r- -------------- Di mana Peter? 0
At the café. D---af--a--a. Di kafetaria. D- k-f-t-r-a- ------------- Di kafetaria. 0
He is drinking coffee. Dia -inu--k-pi. Dia minum kopi. D-a m-n-m k-p-. --------------- Dia minum kopi. 0
Where do they like to go? Mer--a s--- p-rg- ke ma-a? Mereka suka pergi ke mana? M-r-k- s-k- p-r-i k- m-n-? -------------------------- Mereka suka pergi ke mana? 0
To a concert. K--k-nser. Ke konser. K- k-n-e-. ---------- Ke konser. 0
They like to listen to music. Me---a -en-n--me-denga-k-n -us-k. Mereka senang mendengarkan musik. M-r-k- s-n-n- m-n-e-g-r-a- m-s-k- --------------------------------- Mereka senang mendengarkan musik. 0
Where do they not like to go? Mere-----dak-su---pe--i -e mana? Mereka tidak suka pergi ke mana? M-r-k- t-d-k s-k- p-r-i k- m-n-? -------------------------------- Mereka tidak suka pergi ke mana? 0
To the disco. Ke di--o-e-. Ke diskotek. K- d-s-o-e-. ------------ Ke diskotek. 0
They do not like to dance. Mer-ka-t--a- suk- berda--a. Mereka tidak suka berdansa. M-r-k- t-d-k s-k- b-r-a-s-. --------------------------- Mereka tidak suka berdansa. 0

Creole Languages

Did you know that German is spoken in the South Pacific? It's really true! In parts of Papua New Guinea and Australia, people speak Unserdeutsch . It is a Creole language. Creole languages emerge in language contact situations. That is, when multiple different languages encounter one another. By now, many Creole languages are almost extinct. But worldwide 15 million people still speak a Creole language. Creole languages are always native languages. It's different with Pidgin languages. Pidgin languages are very simplified forms of speech. They are only good for very basic communication. Most Creole languages originated in the colonial era. Therefore, Creole languages are often based on European languages. One characteristic of Creole languages is a limited vocabulary. Creole languages have their own phonology too. The grammar of Creole languages is heavily simplified. Complicated rules are simply ignored by the speakers. Each Creole language is an important component of national identity. As a result, there is a lot of literature written in Creole languages. Creole languages are especially interesting for linguists. This is because they demonstrate how languages develop and later die out. So the development of language can be studied in Creole languages. They also prove that languages can change and adapt. The discipline used to research Creole languages is Creolistics, or Creology. One of the best-known sentences in the Creole language comes from Jamaica. Bob Marley made it world famous – do you know it? It's No woman, no cry! (= No, woman, don't cry!)
Did you know?
Finnish is the native language of approximately 5 million people. It is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is closely related to Estonian, and very distantly related to Hungarian. As a Uralic language, it strongly differentiates itself from the Indo-Germanic languages. An example of this is its agglutinating language structure. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixed syllables. This is how long words originate that are so typical for Finnish. Another hallmark of Finnish is its many vowels. Finnish grammar distinguishes between 15 different cases. It is important to clearly separate long and short sounds in the intonation. Written and spoken Finnish are noticeably different from each other. This phenomenon is less pronounced in other European languages. All of this makes Finnish not especially easy. But all rules are consistently upheld. And the nice thing about Finnish is that it is so completely logical!