Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 4   »   mr उपाहारगृहात ४

32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

At the restaurant 4

३२ [बत्तीस]

32 [Battīsa]

उपाहारगृहात ४

[upāhāragr̥hāta 4]

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I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup. एक प्--- फ-र-ंच -----ज्---ि--ॅच-प. एक प-ल-ट फ-र--च फ-र-ईज- आण- क-चअप. ए- प-ल-ट फ-र-ं- फ-र-ई-् आ-ि क-च-प- ---------------------------------- एक प्लेट फ्रेंच फ्राईज् आणि कॅचअप. 0
ēk- ---ṭ- --rēn̄-a p--ā-īj -ṇ- --ca'--a. ēka plēṭa phrēn-ca phrā'īj āṇi kĕca'apa. ē-a p-ē-a p-r-n-c- p-r-'-j ā-i k-c-'-p-. ---------------------------------------- ēka plēṭa phrēn̄ca phrā'īj āṇi kĕca'apa.
And two with mayonnaise. द-- -्------रेंच -्---ज--आण---े--निज. द-ल प-ल-ट फ-र--च फ-र-ईज- आण- म-य-न-ज. द-ल प-ल-ट फ-र-ं- फ-र-ई-् आ-ि म-य-न-ज- ------------------------------------- दोल प्लेट फ्रेंच फ्राईज् आणि मेयोनिज. 0
D-la-plē---ph--n̄c--ph--'īj --- ------ja. Dōla plēṭa phrēn-ca phrā'īj āṇi mēyōnija. D-l- p-ē-a p-r-n-c- p-r-'-j ā-i m-y-n-j-. ----------------------------------------- Dōla plēṭa phrēn̄ca phrā'īj āṇi mēyōnija.
And three sausages with mustard. त-- प-ले- भ------ सॉसे-्-म-ह-र-च-य- पे-्---. त-न प-ल-ट भ-जल-ल- स-स-ज- म-ह-र-च-य- प-स-टसह. त-न प-ल-ट भ-ज-े-े स-स-ज- म-ह-र-च-य- प-स-ट-ह- -------------------------------------------- तीन प्लेट भाजलेले सॉसेज् मोहोरीच्या पेस्टसह. 0
Tīna p-ē-a -h-jalē-ē -ŏ--- -ō-ōr-c----ēs-a---a. Tīna plēṭa bhājalēlē sŏsēj mōhōrīcyā pēsṭasaha. T-n- p-ē-a b-ā-a-ē-ē s-s-j m-h-r-c-ā p-s-a-a-a- ----------------------------------------------- Tīna plēṭa bhājalēlē sŏsēj mōhōrīcyā pēsṭasaha.
What vegetables do you have? आप---ाक-े कोणत्-ा-भ-ज्-ा-आहे-? आपल-य-कड- क-णत-य- भ-ज-य- आह-त? आ-ल-य-क-े क-ण-्-ा भ-ज-य- आ-े-? ------------------------------ आपल्याकडे कोणत्या भाज्या आहेत? 0
Ā-al-āka-ē -ōṇ--y-------- āhē-a? Āpalyākaḍē kōṇatyā bhājyā āhēta? Ā-a-y-k-ḍ- k-ṇ-t-ā b-ā-y- ā-ē-a- -------------------------------- Āpalyākaḍē kōṇatyā bhājyā āhēta?
Do you have beans? आप-्-ा--े--िन्स-आ-ेत-का? आपल-य-कड- ब-न-स आह-त क-? आ-ल-य-क-े ब-न-स आ-े- क-? ------------------------ आपल्याकडे बिन्स आहेत का? 0
Āpaly--aḍē b---a -hē-- k-? Āpalyākaḍē binsa āhēta kā? Ā-a-y-k-ḍ- b-n-a ā-ē-a k-? -------------------------- Āpalyākaḍē binsa āhēta kā?
Do you have cauliflower? आप-्य-क-े-फ--कोबी -ह--क-? आपल-य-कड- फ-लक-ब- आह- क-? आ-ल-य-क-े फ-ल-ो-ी आ-े क-? ------------------------- आपल्याकडे फुलकोबी आहे का? 0
Ā-----ka-ē p-u---ōbī ā-ē---? Āpalyākaḍē phulakōbī āhē kā? Ā-a-y-k-ḍ- p-u-a-ō-ī ā-ē k-? ---------------------------- Āpalyākaḍē phulakōbī āhē kā?
I like to eat (sweet) corn. मल- म-ा खायल- -व-त-. मल- मक- ख-यल- आवडत-. म-ा म-ा ख-य-ा आ-ड-ो- -------------------- मला मका खायला आवडतो. 0
Ma-ā ma-ā-k-āy-l- ā--ḍ---. Malā makā khāyalā āvaḍatō. M-l- m-k- k-ā-a-ā ā-a-a-ō- -------------------------- Malā makā khāyalā āvaḍatō.
I like to eat cucumber. मल---ा-ड--ख--ला आ--ते. मल- क-कड- ख-यल- आवडत-. म-ा क-क-ी ख-य-ा आ-ड-े- ---------------------- मला काकडी खायला आवडते. 0
Mal- kā--ḍ- --āya-- --aḍ-tē. Malā kākaḍī khāyalā āvaḍatē. M-l- k-k-ḍ- k-ā-a-ā ā-a-a-ē- ---------------------------- Malā kākaḍī khāyalā āvaḍatē.
I like to eat tomatoes. मल- -ोमॅ---ख---ा------त. मल- ट-म-ट- ख-यल- आवडत-त. म-ा ट-म-ट- ख-य-ा आ-ड-ा-. ------------------------ मला टोमॅटो खायला आवडतात. 0
M-l-----ĕ-ō --āyal--āva-a-ā-a. Malā ṭōmĕṭō khāyalā āvaḍatāta. M-l- ṭ-m-ṭ- k-ā-a-ā ā-a-a-ā-a- ------------------------------ Malā ṭōmĕṭō khāyalā āvaḍatāta.
Do you also like to eat leek? आपल--ा-- --क---्-- --यल--आवडतो--ा? आपल-य-ल- ल-कस-द-ध- ख-यल- आवडत- क-? आ-ल-य-ल- ल-क-ु-्-ा ख-य-ा आ-ड-ो क-? ---------------------------------- आपल्याला लिकसुद्धा खायला आवडतो का? 0
Āp-l-ā-ā-l-kas----h----ā--l- -va-atō---? Āpalyālā likasud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatō kā? Ā-a-y-l- l-k-s-d-d-ā k-ā-a-ā ā-a-a-ō k-? ---------------------------------------- Āpalyālā likasud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatō kā?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut? आप-्य-ला-आचारी-ब--क--ीसु---ा-खा--ा-आ---ो-का? आपल-य-ल- आच-र- ब-दक-ब-स-द-ध- ख-यल- आवडत- क-? आ-ल-य-ल- आ-ा-ी ब-द-ो-ी-ु-्-ा ख-य-ा आ-ड-ो क-? -------------------------------------------- आपल्याला आचारी बंदकोबीसुद्धा खायला आवडतो का? 0
Ā---y-lā ācārī-band--ō-īsu-'--ā k---alā---a--t--kā? Āpalyālā ācārī bandakōbīsud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatō kā? Ā-a-y-l- ā-ā-ī b-n-a-ō-ī-u-'-h- k-ā-a-ā ā-a-a-ō k-? --------------------------------------------------- Āpalyālā ācārī bandakōbīsud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatō kā?
Do you also like to eat lentils? आपल्--ल---सूर-सु-्ध--ख-यल- --ड-े का? आपल-य-ल- मस-र स-द-ध- ख-यल- आवडत- क-? आ-ल-य-ल- म-ू- स-द-ध- ख-य-ा आ-ड-े क-? ------------------------------------ आपल्याला मसूर सुद्धा खायला आवडते का? 0
Āpa-y--ā--a---a --d'--- -h--al--āv--atē--ā? Āpalyālā masūra sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā? Ā-a-y-l- m-s-r- s-d-d-ā k-ā-a-ā ā-a-a-ē k-? ------------------------------------------- Āpalyālā masūra sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā?
Do you also like to eat carrots? त----ग--- -----ा-खायला-आ---े का? त-ल- ग-जर स-द-ध- ख-यल- आवडत- क-? त-ल- ग-ज- स-द-ध- ख-य-ा आ-ड-े क-? -------------------------------- तुला गाजर सुद्धा खायला आवडते का? 0
T-l- -ā-a-a s-d'dhā--h----ā--v-ḍ-t--k-? Tulā gājara sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā? T-l- g-j-r- s-d-d-ā k-ā-a-ā ā-a-a-ē k-? --------------------------------------- Tulā gājara sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā?
Do you also like to eat broccoli? तुला -्र-कोल- सुद-ध------ा आ-ड----ा? त-ल- ब-र-क-ल- स-द-ध- ख-यल- आवडत- क-? त-ल- ब-र-क-ल- स-द-ध- ख-य-ा आ-ड-े क-? ------------------------------------ तुला ब्रोकोली सुद्धा खायला आवडते का? 0
Tu-- ---k------d'd-----āya---ā----t- --? Tulā brōkōlī sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā? T-l- b-ō-ō-ī s-d-d-ā k-ā-a-ā ā-a-a-ē k-? ---------------------------------------- Tulā brōkōlī sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā?
Do you also like to eat peppers? त-ल----पळ---ि--ी सुद--------ा ---त- का? त-ल- भ-पळ- म-रच- स-द-ध- ख-यल- आवडत- क-? त-ल- भ-प-ी म-र-ी स-द-ध- ख-य-ा आ-ड-े क-? --------------------------------------- तुला भोपळी मिरची सुद्धा खायला आवडते का? 0
T-l- --ō---ī-m-r--ī -u--d---k------ -v-ḍ--ē k-? Tulā bhōpaḷī miracī sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā? T-l- b-ō-a-ī m-r-c- s-d-d-ā k-ā-a-ā ā-a-a-ē k-? ----------------------------------------------- Tulā bhōpaḷī miracī sud'dhā khāyalā āvaḍatē kā?
I don’t like onions. म-- ---दे आ--- --ह--. मल- क--द- आवडत न-ह-त. म-ा क-ं-े आ-ड- न-ह-त- --------------------- मला कांदे आवडत नाहीत. 0
Malā---ndē-------a-nāh--a. Malā kāndē āvaḍata nāhīta. M-l- k-n-ē ā-a-a-a n-h-t-. -------------------------- Malā kāndē āvaḍata nāhīta.
I don’t like olives. म-ा-ऑल-व-- आ-ड--न-ही. मल- ऑल-व-ह आवडत न-ह-. म-ा ऑ-ि-्- आ-ड- न-ह-. --------------------- मला ऑलिव्ह आवडत नाही. 0
Malā-ŏ---h- ----at- nāhī. Malā ŏlivha āvaḍata nāhī. M-l- ŏ-i-h- ā-a-a-a n-h-. ------------------------- Malā ŏlivha āvaḍata nāhī.
I don’t like mushrooms. मल- अळंबी--व--------. मल- अळ-ब- आवडत न-ह-त. म-ा अ-ं-ी आ-ड- न-ह-त- --------------------- मला अळंबी आवडत नाहीत. 0
M----aḷam-- āva-a-- ---ī-a. Malā aḷambī āvaḍata nāhīta. M-l- a-a-b- ā-a-a-a n-h-t-. --------------------------- Malā aḷambī āvaḍata nāhīta.

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant . Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!
Did you know?
Punjabi is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. Punjabi is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. Punjabi is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition. Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. Punjabi is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In Punjabi, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes Punjabi that much more appealing!