Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 4   »   bs U restoranu 4

32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

At the restaurant 4

32 [trideset i dva]

U restoranu 4

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I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup. Je----ut p-mfri- - -eča-o-. Jedanput pomfrit s kečapom. J-d-n-u- p-m-r-t s k-č-p-m- --------------------------- Jedanput pomfrit s kečapom. 0
And two with mayonnaise. I d--pu- --ma-o-ezom. I dvaput s majonezom. I d-a-u- s m-j-n-z-m- --------------------- I dvaput s majonezom. 0
And three sausages with mustard. I tripu- -rž--u-ko-as--- -a --n--m. I triput prženu kobasicu sa senfom. I t-i-u- p-ž-n- k-b-s-c- s- s-n-o-. ----------------------------------- I triput prženu kobasicu sa senfom. 0
What vegetables do you have? K---o -------i-ate? Kakvo povrće imate? K-k-o p-v-ć- i-a-e- ------------------- Kakvo povrće imate? 0
Do you have beans? Imat- li-gra-a? Imate li graha? I-a-e l- g-a-a- --------------- Imate li graha? 0
Do you have cauliflower? Im-te-l- k-rfi-l-? Imate li karfiola? I-a-e l- k-r-i-l-? ------------------ Imate li karfiola? 0
I like to eat (sweet) corn. Ja--ad--jedem---ku--z. Ja rado jedem kukuruz. J- r-d- j-d-m k-k-r-z- ---------------------- Ja rado jedem kukuruz. 0
I like to eat cucumber. J- r--o jedem--rasta-ce. Ja rado jedem krastavce. J- r-d- j-d-m k-a-t-v-e- ------------------------ Ja rado jedem krastavce. 0
I like to eat tomatoes. J---a-o--e----pa--dajz. Ja rado jedem paradajz. J- r-d- j-d-m p-r-d-j-. ----------------------- Ja rado jedem paradajz. 0
Do you also like to eat leek? J-d-te -- - V---a-o --az-luk? Jedete li i Vi rado praziluk? J-d-t- l- i V- r-d- p-a-i-u-? ----------------------------- Jedete li i Vi rado praziluk? 0
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut? Je-e---l------ado-i--i-eli-kupus? Jedete li Vi rado i kiseli kupus? J-d-t- l- V- r-d- i k-s-l- k-p-s- --------------------------------- Jedete li Vi rado i kiseli kupus? 0
Do you also like to eat lentils? J-d-te li Vi-ra-o-------? Jedete li Vi rado i leću? J-d-t- l- V- r-d- i l-ć-? ------------------------- Jedete li Vi rado i leću? 0
Do you also like to eat carrots? Jed-š l--i-ti r----mr--u? Jedeš li i ti rado mrkvu? J-d-š l- i t- r-d- m-k-u- ------------------------- Jedeš li i ti rado mrkvu? 0
Do you also like to eat broccoli? J-d---li i--- -a-o-broku-u? Jedeš li i ti rado brokulu? J-d-š l- i t- r-d- b-o-u-u- --------------------------- Jedeš li i ti rado brokulu? 0
Do you also like to eat peppers? Je-eš-li - ti rado --p-ik-? Jedeš li i ti rado papriku? J-d-š l- i t- r-d- p-p-i-u- --------------------------- Jedeš li i ti rado papriku? 0
I don’t like onions. Ja -e--ol---l--. Ja ne volim luk. J- n- v-l-m l-k- ---------------- Ja ne volim luk. 0
I don’t like olives. Ja -e-vol---m-s----. Ja ne volim masline. J- n- v-l-m m-s-i-e- -------------------- Ja ne volim masline. 0
I don’t like mushrooms. Ja ne ---i- glji--. Ja ne volim gljive. J- n- v-l-m g-j-v-. ------------------- Ja ne volim gljive. 0

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant . Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!
Did you know?
Punjabi is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. Punjabi is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. Punjabi is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition. Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. Punjabi is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In Punjabi, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes Punjabi that much more appealing!