Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 4   »   ku Li restoranê 4

32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

At the restaurant 4

32 [sî û du]

Li restoranê 4

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I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup. P---iy--ek-ka--ol----eland--b----tç-p. P_________ k_______ q______ b_ k______ P-r-i-o-e- k-r-o-ê- q-l-n-î b- k-t-a-. -------------------------------------- Porsiyonek kartolên qelandî bi ketçap. 0
And two with mayonnaise. û-du -e- b---a-one-. û d_ h__ b_ m_______ û d- h-b b- m-y-n-z- -------------------- û du heb bi mayonez. 0
And three sausages with mustard. Û--ê h--ê---î--o-î--n-biraş-î. Û s_ h____ j_ s______ b_______ Û s- h-b-n j- s-s-s-n b-r-ş-î- ------------------------------ Û sê hebên jî sosîsên biraştî. 0
What vegetables do you have? Çi cu-- --w---------hen-? Ç_ c___ z_______ w_ h____ Ç- c-r- z-w-e-ê- w- h-n-? ------------------------- Çi cure zewzeyên we hene? 0
Do you have beans? F--ûli-ê- w- ---e? F________ w_ h____ F-s-l-y-n w- h-n-? ------------------ Fasûliyên we hene? 0
Do you have cauliflower? G--k----- we--e--? G________ w_ h____ G-l-e-e-a w- h-y-? ------------------ Gulkelema we heye? 0
I like to eat (sweet) corn. Ez--i --a-ina ga--- -ez --k--. E_ j_ x______ g____ h__ d_____ E- j- x-a-i-a g-r-s h-z d-k-m- ------------------------------ Ez ji xwarina garis hez dikim. 0
I like to eat cucumber. Ez-ji --a--n---iyêr hez-d-k--. E_ j_ x______ x____ h__ d_____ E- j- x-a-i-a x-y-r h-z d-k-m- ------------------------------ Ez ji xwarina xiyêr hez dikim. 0
I like to eat tomatoes. E- -----a-ina ----nên--or h--------. E_ j_ x______ b______ s__ h__ d_____ E- j- x-a-i-a b-c-n-n s-r h-z d-k-m- ------------------------------------ Ez ji xwarina bacanên sor hez dikim. 0
Do you also like to eat leek? Hû--ji xwa-i-a q-rad----z d-ki-? H__ j_ x______ q_____ h__ d_____ H-n j- x-a-i-a q-r-d- h-z d-k-n- -------------------------------- Hûn ji xwarina quradê hez dikin? 0
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut? H-n j--x-a-i-- -irş--- --l-ma- jî -e--d-kin? H__ j_ x______ t______ k______ j_ h__ d_____ H-n j- x-a-i-a t-r-î-a k-l-m-n j- h-z d-k-n- -------------------------------------------- Hûn ji xwarina tirşîna keleman jî hez dikin? 0
Do you also like to eat lentils? H----î--- ------a-nî---- h----i-i-? H__ j_ j_ x______ n_____ h__ d_____ H-n j- j- x-a-i-a n-s-a- h-z d-k-n- ----------------------------------- Hûn jî ji xwarina nîskan hez dikin? 0
Do you also like to eat carrots? T--j--j--x---in---êz-r----e- -i-î? T_ j_ j_ x______ g______ h__ d____ T- j- j- x-a-i-a g-z-r-n h-z d-k-? ---------------------------------- Tu jî ji xwarina gêzeran hez dikî? 0
Do you also like to eat broccoli? T- jî-j--x-ar-na-b-ro--l- h---d-kî? T_ j_ j_ x______ b_______ h__ d____ T- j- j- x-a-i-a b-r-k-l- h-z d-k-? ----------------------------------- Tu jî ji xwarina birokolî hez dikî? 0
Do you also like to eat peppers? T---î-ji -w-r-na--sotê h-- dik-? T_ j_ j_ x______ î____ h__ d____ T- j- j- x-a-i-a î-o-ê h-z d-k-? -------------------------------- Tu jî ji xwarina îsotê hez dikî? 0
I don’t like onions. E---i -î-az-n -ez -a---. E_ j_ p______ h__ n_____ E- j- p-v-z-n h-z n-k-m- ------------------------ Ez ji pîvazan hez nakim. 0
I don’t like olives. E- ----z--tû-a- -ez-na---. E_ h__ z_______ h__ n_____ E- h-j z-y-û-a- h-z n-k-m- -------------------------- Ez hej zeytûnan hez nakim. 0
I don’t like mushrooms. E- hej -iva------e- naki-. E_ h__ k_______ h__ n_____ E- h-j k-v-r-a- h-z n-k-m- -------------------------- Ez hej kivarkan hez nakim. 0

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant . Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!
Did you know?
Punjabi is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. Punjabi is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. Punjabi is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition. Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. Punjabi is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In Punjabi, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes Punjabi that much more appealing!