At the restaurant 4   »  
Restoranis 4

32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

At the restaurant 4

32 [kolmkümmend kaks]


Restoranis 4

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I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup. Üh-- f----------- k--------. Ühed friikartulid ketšupiga. 0 +
And two with mayonnaise. Ja k--- p--------- m----------. Ja kaks portsjonit majoneesiga. 0 +
And three sausages with mustard. Ja k--- p--------- p--------- s-------. Ja kolm portsjonit praevorste sinepiga. 0 +
What vegetables do you have? Mi------- k--------- t--- o-? Milliseid köögivilju teil on? 0 +
Do you have beans? Ka- t--- o- u--? Kas teil on ube? 0 +
Do you have cauliflower? Ka- t--- o- l----------? Kas teil on lillkapsast? 0 +
I like to eat (sweet) corn. Ma s--- h-- m------ m----. Ma söön hea meelega maisi. 0 +
I like to eat cucumber. Ma s--- h-- m------ k----. Ma söön hea meelega kurki. 0 +
I like to eat tomatoes. Ma s--- h-- m------ t-------. Ma söön hea meelega tomateid. 0 +
Do you also like to eat leek? Sö--- t- m-------- k- s------? Sööte te meelsasti ka sibulat? 0 +
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut? Sö--- t- m-------- k- h----------? Sööte te meelsasti ka hapukapsast? 0 +
Do you also like to eat lentils? Sö--- t- m-------- k- l-----? Sööte te meelsasti ka läätsi? 0 +
Do you also like to eat carrots? Sö-- s- m-------- k- p---------? Sööd sa meelsasti ka porgandeid? 0 +
Do you also like to eat broccoli? Sö-- s- m-------- k- b-------? Sööd sa meelsasti ka brokolit? 0 +
Do you also like to eat peppers? Sö-- s- m-------- k- p-------? Sööd sa meelsasti ka paprikat? 0 +
I don’t like onions. Mu--- e- m----- s----. Mulle ei meeldi sibul. 0 +
I don’t like olives. Mu--- e- m----- o------. Mulle ei meeldi oliivid. 0 +
I don’t like mushrooms. Mu--- e- m----- s-----. Mulle ei meeldi seened. 0 +

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant . Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!
Did you know?
Punjabi is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. Punjabi is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. Punjabi is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition. Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. Punjabi is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In Punjabi, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes Punjabi that much more appealing!