Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 4   »   tr Restoranda 4

32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

At the restaurant 4

32 [otuz iki]

Restoranda 4

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I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup. K-tç-p-ı bir----at---k-z-rt-as-. Ketçaplı bir patates kızartması. K-t-a-l- b-r p-t-t-s k-z-r-m-s-. -------------------------------- Ketçaplı bir patates kızartması. 0
And two with mayonnaise. V--i---t-ne-d- mayo-e-l-. Ve iki tane de mayonezli. V- i-i t-n- d- m-y-n-z-i- ------------------------- Ve iki tane de mayonezli. 0
And three sausages with mustard. V- ---tan- -e hard-l-- --si-. Ve üç tane de hardallı sosis. V- ü- t-n- d- h-r-a-l- s-s-s- ----------------------------- Ve üç tane de hardallı sosis. 0
What vegetables do you have? Ne tü- se-z--eri-iz var? Ne tür sebzeleriniz var? N- t-r s-b-e-e-i-i- v-r- ------------------------ Ne tür sebzeleriniz var? 0
Do you have beans? Fas---e-iz -a- mı? Fasülyeniz var mı? F-s-l-e-i- v-r m-? ------------------ Fasülyeniz var mı? 0
Do you have cauliflower? Ka--ıb---r-nı- va--m-? Karnıbaharınız var mı? K-r-ı-a-a-ı-ı- v-r m-? ---------------------- Karnıbaharınız var mı? 0
I like to eat (sweet) corn. Mısır--em--i-s-veri-. Mısır yemeyi severim. M-s-r y-m-y- s-v-r-m- --------------------- Mısır yemeyi severim. 0
I like to eat cucumber. S-lat-lık-yem-yi severim. Salatalık yemeyi severim. S-l-t-l-k y-m-y- s-v-r-m- ------------------------- Salatalık yemeyi severim. 0
I like to eat tomatoes. Dom-t----e-e-i -ev---m. Domates yemeyi severim. D-m-t-s y-m-y- s-v-r-m- ----------------------- Domates yemeyi severim. 0
Do you also like to eat leek? S----e --rasa---ve- --s--i-? Siz de pırasa sever misiniz? S-z d- p-r-s- s-v-r m-s-n-z- ---------------------------- Siz de pırasa sever misiniz? 0
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut? Siz -- -ah--- --rşusu --ve--mi--n--? Siz de lahana turşusu sever misiniz? S-z d- l-h-n- t-r-u-u s-v-r m-s-n-z- ------------------------------------ Siz de lahana turşusu sever misiniz? 0
Do you also like to eat lentils? S-- d- merci----s-ve---i--ni-? Siz de mercimek sever misiniz? S-z d- m-r-i-e- s-v-r m-s-n-z- ------------------------------ Siz de mercimek sever misiniz? 0
Do you also like to eat carrots? S-- -e havuç-sev---m----? Sen de havuç sever misin? S-n d- h-v-ç s-v-r m-s-n- ------------------------- Sen de havuç sever misin? 0
Do you also like to eat broccoli? Se--d--b-ok-li--ev-r --sin? Sen de brokoli sever misin? S-n d- b-o-o-i s-v-r m-s-n- --------------------------- Sen de brokoli sever misin? 0
Do you also like to eat peppers? S---d--b-be- s--er-mis--? Sen de biber sever misin? S-n d- b-b-r s-v-r m-s-n- ------------------------- Sen de biber sever misin? 0
I don’t like onions. So-an s-vme-. Soğan sevmem. S-ğ-n s-v-e-. ------------- Soğan sevmem. 0
I don’t like olives. Z-y-in-se-m--. Zeytin sevmem. Z-y-i- s-v-e-. -------------- Zeytin sevmem. 0
I don’t like mushrooms. Man--r sevme-. Mantar sevmem. M-n-a- s-v-e-. -------------- Mantar sevmem. 0

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant . Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!
Did you know?
Punjabi is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. Punjabi is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. Punjabi is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition. Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. Punjabi is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In Punjabi, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes Punjabi that much more appealing!