Phrasebook

en At the restaurant 4   »   be У рэстаране 4

32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

At the restaurant 4

32 [трыццаць два]

32 [trytstsats’ dva]

У рэстаране 4

[U restarane 4]

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I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup. А-н- б--ьб--фры-- кет--пам. А--- б----- ф-- з к-------- А-н- б-л-б- ф-ы з к-т-у-а-. --------------------------- Адну бульбу фры з кетчупам. 0
A--u --l-b- f-y-z -et--upam. A--- b----- f-- z k--------- A-n- b-l-b- f-y z k-t-h-p-m- ---------------------------- Adnu bul’bu fry z ketchupam.
And two with mayonnaise. І --ве --р--- --я----. І д--- п----- м------- І д-в- п-р-ы- м-я-э-у- ---------------------- І дзве порцыі маянэзу. 0
І-dzve po--sy- -a-a-e--. І d--- p------ m-------- І d-v- p-r-s-і m-y-n-z-. ------------------------ І dzve portsyі mayanezu.
And three sausages with mustard. І т-ы--о-ц----маж--ай--а--------г-рч----. І т-- п----- с------- к------ з г-------- І т-ы п-р-ы- с-а-а-а- к-ў-а-ы з г-р-ы-а-. ----------------------------------------- І тры порцыі смажанай каўбасы з гарчыцай. 0
І--r- p--t-yі-sm---a-a- -aub-s--z--a--h-tsa-. І t-- p------ s-------- k------ z g---------- І t-y p-r-s-і s-a-h-n-y k-u-a-y z g-r-h-t-a-. --------------------------------------------- І try portsyі smazhanay kaubasy z garchytsay.
What vegetables do you have? Я--я ----с ёсц----р-д-і-а? Я--- ў В-- ё--- г--------- Я-а- ў В-с ё-ц- г-р-д-і-а- -------------------------- Якая ў Вас ёсць гародніна? 0
Yak-y--- Vas-yosts- g-r-d-і--? Y----- u V-- y----- g--------- Y-k-y- u V-s y-s-s- g-r-d-і-a- ------------------------------ Yakaya u Vas yosts’ garodnіna?
Do you have beans? У -ас-ё-ць баб-? У В-- ё--- б---- У В-с ё-ц- б-б-? ---------------- У Вас ёсць бабы? 0
U -a- y------b-by? U V-- y----- b---- U V-s y-s-s- b-b-? ------------------ U Vas yosts’ baby?
Do you have cauliflower? У--ас--сць ----іста--капу---? У В-- ё--- к-------- к------- У В-с ё-ц- к-я-і-т-я к-п-с-а- ----------------------------- У Вас ёсць квяцістая капуста? 0
U -as -o--s’ kv-a-sіstaya--ap-sta? U V-- y----- k----------- k------- U V-s y-s-s- k-y-t-і-t-y- k-p-s-a- ---------------------------------- U Vas yosts’ kvyatsіstaya kapusta?
I like to eat (sweet) corn. Мне ---абаец-- к--ур---. М-- п--------- к-------- М-е п-д-б-е-ц- к-к-р-з-. ------------------------ Мне падабаецца кукуруза. 0
Mne--ada--ets--a--u--ruza. M-- p----------- k-------- M-e p-d-b-e-s-s- k-k-r-z-. -------------------------- Mne padabaetstsa kukuruza.
I like to eat cucumber. М-е-п--а-а-цца-г-рк-. М-- п--------- г----- М-е п-д-б-ю-ц- г-р-і- --------------------- Мне падабаюцца гуркі. 0
Mne p-da-ayut---a-g-r--. M-- p------------ g----- M-e p-d-b-y-t-t-a g-r-і- ------------------------ Mne padabayutstsa gurkі.
I like to eat tomatoes. М-- п-----ю-ца-п---дор-. М-- п--------- п-------- М-е п-д-б-ю-ц- п-м-д-р-. ------------------------ Мне падабаюцца памідоры. 0
M-- p-d--ayut-ts----m-do--. M-- p------------ p-------- M-e p-d-b-y-t-t-a p-m-d-r-. --------------------------- Mne padabayutstsa pamіdory.
Do you also like to eat leek? В-м-т----ма---д-б---ца----уля-п-р-й? В-- т------ п--------- ц------------ В-м т-к-а-а п-д-б-е-ц- ц-б-л---а-э-? ------------------------------------ Вам таксама падабаецца цыбуля-парэй? 0
Va--t-k---a---dabae-s--a ------ya--a-ey? V-- t------ p----------- t-------------- V-m t-k-a-a p-d-b-e-s-s- t-y-u-y---a-e-? ---------------------------------------- Vam taksama padabaetstsa tsybulya-parey?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut? В-м--акс--а-падабае--а-к-сл-я -а-ус--? В-- т------ п--------- к----- к------- В-м т-к-а-а п-д-б-е-ц- к-с-а- к-п-с-а- -------------------------------------- Вам таксама падабаецца кіслая капуста? 0
Va- t-ksam- -ad-ba-t--sa -і---------usta? V-- t------ p----------- k------ k------- V-m t-k-a-a p-d-b-e-s-s- k-s-a-a k-p-s-a- ----------------------------------------- Vam taksama padabaetstsa kіslaya kapusta?
Do you also like to eat lentils? В-м -а-с-ма-п-д-----ца----а-іца? В-- т------ п--------- с-------- В-м т-к-а-а п-д-б-е-ц- с-ч-в-ц-? -------------------------------- Вам таксама падабаецца сачавіца? 0
Va---ak--m- pa----e-s-sa--ac-a---s-? V-- t------ p----------- s---------- V-m t-k-a-a p-d-b-e-s-s- s-c-a-і-s-? ------------------------------------ Vam taksama padabaetstsa sachavіtsa?
Do you also like to eat carrots? Та---та-са----ад----ц-- м--ква? Т--- т------ п--------- м------ Т-б- т-к-а-а п-д-б-е-ц- м-р-в-? ------------------------------- Табе таксама падабаецца морква? 0
Ta-e ---s-m- --daba-ts--- -o-k-a? T--- t------ p----------- m------ T-b- t-k-a-a p-d-b-e-s-s- m-r-v-? --------------------------------- Tabe taksama padabaetstsa morkva?
Do you also like to eat broccoli? Таб----к--ма па--ба-ц-а-бр-к---? Т--- т------ п--------- б------- Т-б- т-к-а-а п-д-б-е-ц- б-а-о-і- -------------------------------- Табе таксама падабаецца браколі? 0
Ta-e--a-sa----a-a--etst-- brak---? T--- t------ p----------- b------- T-b- t-k-a-a p-d-b-e-s-s- b-a-o-і- ---------------------------------- Tabe taksama padabaetstsa brakolі?
Do you also like to eat peppers? Т-бе----с----па--баецца п---ы--? Т--- т------ п--------- п------- Т-б- т-к-а-а п-д-б-е-ц- п-п-ы-а- -------------------------------- Табе таксама падабаецца папрыка? 0
Ta-e-t-k-a---p-d-baet-----pa-ry--? T--- t------ p----------- p------- T-b- t-k-a-a p-d-b-e-s-s- p-p-y-a- ---------------------------------- Tabe taksama padabaetstsa papryka?
I don’t like onions. Я -- люблю-цыб-л-. Я н- л---- ц------ Я н- л-б-ю ц-б-л-. ------------------ Я не люблю цыбулю. 0
Ya ne lyu---u ---bu-y-. Y- n- l------ t-------- Y- n- l-u-l-u t-y-u-y-. ----------------------- Ya ne lyublyu tsybulyu.
I don’t like olives. Я-н--л--лю-----ы. Я н- л---- а----- Я н- л-б-ю а-і-ы- ----------------- Я не люблю алівы. 0
Y- n--lyu--y----і--. Y- n- l------ a----- Y- n- l-u-l-u a-і-y- -------------------- Ya ne lyublyu alіvy.
I don’t like mushrooms. Я н--л---ю-----ы. Я н- л---- г----- Я н- л-б-ю г-ы-ы- ----------------- Я не люблю грыбы. 0
Ya ---l-u--y- g-yb-. Y- n- l------ g----- Y- n- l-u-l-u g-y-y- -------------------- Ya ne lyublyu gryby.

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant . Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!
Did you know?
Punjabi is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. Punjabi is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. Punjabi is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition. Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. Punjabi is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In Punjabi, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes Punjabi that much more appealing!