Phrasebook

en Past tense 4   »   id Masa lampau 4

84 [eighty-four]

Past tense 4

Past tense 4

84 [delapan puluh empat]

Masa lampau 4

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to read me-baca m______ m-m-a-a ------- membaca 0
I read. S--- sud-----m---a. S___ s____ m_______ S-y- s-d-h m-m-a-a- ------------------- Saya sudah membaca. 0
I read the whole novel. Say- su-a- m--baca-s-l--u--isi -ov---y-. S___ s____ m______ s______ i__ n________ S-y- s-d-h m-m-a-a s-l-r-h i-i n-v-l-y-. ---------------------------------------- Saya sudah membaca seluruh isi novelnya. 0
to understand menge-ti m_______ m-n-e-t- -------- mengerti 0
I understood. S-y- s-d-- m-n-e-t-. S___ s____ m________ S-y- s-d-h m-n-e-t-. -------------------- Saya sudah mengerti. 0
I understood the whole text. Say----da- -enge------lu-uh tek-. S___ s____ m_______ s______ t____ S-y- s-d-h m-n-e-t- s-l-r-h t-k-. --------------------------------- Saya sudah mengerti seluruh teks. 0
to answer me--awab m_______ m-n-a-a- -------- menjawab 0
I answered. S-y- -udah-m--j--a-. S___ s____ m________ S-y- s-d-h m-n-a-a-. -------------------- Saya sudah menjawab. 0
I answered all the questions. Say--s-dah m--ja-ab se-u-uh --r----aa-. S___ s____ m_______ s______ p__________ S-y- s-d-h m-n-a-a- s-l-r-h p-r-a-y-a-. --------------------------------------- Saya sudah menjawab seluruh pertanyaan. 0
I know that – I knew that. Sa---t--u i-u –---ya--u-ah---n-e-a--i---. S___ t___ i__ – s___ s____ m_____________ S-y- t-h- i-u – s-y- s-d-h m-n-e-a-u-n-a- ----------------------------------------- Saya tahu itu – saya sudah mengetahuinya. 0
I write that – I wrote that. Sa---m--uli----u – -a---su--- ---uli---tu. S___ m______ i__ – s___ s____ m______ i___ S-y- m-n-l-s i-u – s-y- s-d-h m-n-l-s i-u- ------------------------------------------ Saya menulis itu – saya sudah menulis itu. 0
I hear that – I heard that. Say- -en-e--ar---- – -a-a-s-d----e---n-arn--. S___ m________ i__ – s___ s____ m____________ S-y- m-n-e-g-r i-u – s-y- s-d-h m-n-e-g-r-y-. --------------------------------------------- Saya mendengar itu – saya sudah mendengarnya. 0
I’ll get it – I got it. S-ya men--m-il--a - say--sudah--e----bi---a. S___ m___________ – s___ s____ m____________ S-y- m-n-a-b-l-y- – s-y- s-d-h m-n-a-b-l-y-. -------------------------------------------- Saya mengambilnya – saya sudah mengambilnya. 0
I’ll bring that – I brought that. S--- --m-aw--i-- –---y--s---h me-b-w--i-u. S___ m______ i__ – s___ s____ m______ i___ S-y- m-m-a-a i-u – s-y- s-d-h m-m-a-a i-u- ------------------------------------------ Saya membawa itu – saya sudah membawa itu. 0
I’ll buy that – I bought that. Sa-a -----li itu – ---- su--h---mb-l---tu. S___ m______ i__ – s___ s____ m______ i___ S-y- m-m-e-i i-u – s-y- s-d-h m-m-e-i i-u- ------------------------------------------ Saya membeli itu – saya sudah membeli itu. 0
I expect that – I expected that. S-y- m---h-r----n-itu-----ya-s---h me----r--ka---t-. S___ m___________ i__ – s___ s____ m___________ i___ S-y- m-n-h-r-p-a- i-u – s-y- s-d-h m-n-h-r-p-a- i-u- ---------------------------------------------------- Saya mengharapkan itu – saya sudah mengharapkan itu. 0
I’ll explain that – I explained that. S-----en-ela-k-n --u---say- s---- m----l-s-----t-. S___ m__________ i__ – s___ s____ m__________ i___ S-y- m-n-e-a-k-n i-u – s-y- s-d-h m-n-e-a-k-n i-u- -------------------------------------------------- Saya menjelaskan itu – saya sudah menjelaskan itu. 0
I know that – I knew that. Sa-- -eng-t-h-- i-- –---ya-sudah -eng-ta-u- -t-. S___ m_________ i__ – s___ s____ m_________ i___ S-y- m-n-e-a-u- i-u – s-y- s-d-h m-n-e-a-u- i-u- ------------------------------------------------ Saya mengetahui itu – saya sudah mengetahui itu. 0

Negative words aren't translated into the native language

When reading, multilinguals translate subconsciously into their native language. This happens automatically; that is, the readers do it without realizing. It could be said that the brain functions like a simultaneous translator. But it doesn't translate everything! One study has shown that the brain has a built-in filter. This filter decides what gets translated. And it appears that the filter ignores certain words. Negative words aren't translated into the native language. Researchers selected native speakers of Chinese for their experiment. All test subjects spoke English as their second language. The test subjects had to rate various English words. These words had different emotional content. There were positive, negative and neutral terms. While the test subjects read the words, their brains were examined. That is, the researchers measured the electrical brain activity. In doing so, they could see how the brain worked. Certain signals are generated during the translation of words. They indicate that the brain is active. However, the test subjects showed no activity with the negative words. Only the positive or neutral terms were translated. Researchers don't yet know why this is. Theoretically, the brain has to process all words the same. It could be, however, that the filter quickly examines each word. It is analyzed while still being read in the second language. If a word is negative, the memory is blocked. In other words, it can't think of the word in the native language. People can react very sensitively to words. Perhaps the brain wants to protect them from emotional shock…